The so called hadith of the 10 promised paradise part 2

“Whoever does an evil deed will not be recompensed except by the like thereof;but whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – those will enter Paradise, being given provision therein without account.” (Holy Qur’an 40:40)

Say: “I am no bringer of new-fangled doctrine among the messengers, nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I follow but that which is revealed to me by inspiration; I am but a Warner open and clear.” (Holy Qur’an 46:9)

 

You are directed to read the first entry here:

https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2013/01/04/the-so-called-hadith-of-the-10-promised-paradise-part-1/

In the previous post on the subject we looked at how the ‘scholars’ of hadith had taken the disparate narrations that relate to us that 10 companions will be going to paradise.  What we saw is that the ultimate product was a concoction.  We have three different text that are ultimately combined to one text.

Here are some of the theological and political ramifications of the choices on the list.

Now I need to give credit where credit is due.
Allot of the critique of this hadith that the Sunni sect uses comes from the Shi’a sect.   One of the issues that I have always had was this idea of the infallibility of the companions in general.

Ultimately, even Dr. Jeffery Lang (An American convert to Islam) whom wrote the book, ‘ Losing my Religion a Cry For Help’ was troubled by the proposition that the companions of the Messenger of Allah (saw) were some how beyond reproach.

I would highly recommend his book you can purchase it here: http://www.amazon.com/Losing-My-Religion-Call-Help/dp/1590080270/ref=cm_cr_pr_product_top

Of course Dr. Jeffery Lang is not on the speaking circuit as he once was.  As the ‘traditionalist’ learned that Dr. Jeffery Lang questioned some of their assumptions he found himself being invited to Muslim conferences and intellectual forums less and less.

Let this be a lesson to you converts. Best keep your doubts to yourself or risk isolation.   Of course as long as you can be goaded back into accepting the mantra you will be fine; however if you genuinely have doubts and refuse to believe a certain position you better tread carefully.

The Muslim community at times can be anything but forgiving.

Less, I digress we need to get back on track with the political and theological ramification of ‘The 10 Promised Paradise’ .

http://www26.brinkster.com/sdolshah1/amtbc.html

Now I can understand completely why the Sunni sect would not cast any aspersions upon any of the companions of the Blessed Messenger (saw).  To do so would undermine allot of the hadith corpus.

If any of you have taken any courses or classes on hadith you will know that one of the conditions of accepting a report from a narrator is that the narrator has to be considered ‘thiqa’ or trustworthy.  The narrator also has to be ‘adala’ or just.

I’m sure if you take any hadith classes or courses I’m sure you will run across the oft repeated story of Imam Bukhari the ever diligent hadith collector, and his travels took him to Egypt where he encountered  a man who was dispensing hadith.   He found the man taking barley (or whey) and holding it to a horse (donkey or mule) the animal would come over and the man would remove his hand.   Bukhari is reported to have gasped and said, “I would not take a hadith from a man who would lie to an animal”.
The idea is to create an impression upon you the student that, ‘Wow! such strict criteria such a great moral compass this man had’.    Now, I am not here to say anything about Imam Bukhari (May Allah bless him where he was right and forgive his shortcomings and ours) and his moral compass.

However, I would wonder how is it possible to not take hadith from a man who would lie to an animal but take hadith from Muslim companions of the Blessed Prophet (saw) who actually thrust their swords into the chest of other companions?  That seemed a little more serious to me than denying an animal some barley!

Now one thing I want to make perfectly clear here is that I am not for the Shi’a sect.  I am also not for this idea of cursing companions of the Blessed Messenger (saw).

The Holy Qur’an clearly says:

“That was a people that has passed away. They shall reap the fruit of what they did, and you of what you do! Of their merits there is no question in your case” (Holy Qur’an 2:141)

In other words Allah is not going to question us about what Ali, Uthman, or any of them did. We will be questioned for what we did.

As for cursing any of the companions of the Blessed Messenger (saw) that should be left up to the Creator.  If the Creator decides that someone is cursed than what more could someone hope to add to that?  I’ve found the idea of cursing anyone who is dead to be rather distasteful. May Allah purify our hearts and thoughts.

So even though I am leveling critique that is primarily used by the Shi’a sect one should be very careful not to fall into the trap of accepting their political and sectarian faction with in Islam. Be very careful of going from one extreme (all the companions were saints)  to the other extreme (let us curse the dead, and use the civil war for our own sectarian advantage).

First and foremost it should be pointed out that Allah himself said that those companions of the Blessed Messenger (saw) who died defending the faith were assured of paradise.

“And say not of those who are killed in the Way of Allâh, “They are dead.” Nay, they are living, but you perceive (it) not. (Holy Qur’an 2: 154)

Other companions of the Blessed Messenger (saw) were promised paradise such as Bilal bin Rabah, Ammar bin Yassir, Salman Al Farsi, and Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib.

Again the following arguments are taken from:

http://www26.brinkster.com/sdolshah1/amtbc.html

I would ask the readers to put aside sectarian bias and deal mainly with the thrust of the argumentation being presented to them.

Here are the propositions to consider and those that are discussed.

1) The mentioned 10 companions would enter paradise without accountability. Which implies that no matter what these people do, Allah will ignore their sins and treachery if any, and will allow them entry into paradise.

2) The mentioned 10 companions would enter paradise with accountability. Which shows that their actions and deeds till their death will earn them Allah’s pleasure.

3) The mentioned 10 companions would eventually enter paradise after being punished for their sins, if any.

Now let us look at these propositions and dissect each of them.

Proposition 1)

“If you believe that they will enter paradise without accountability, then you are excluding them from the justice of Allah. And you are also attributing  infallibility to them.”

“And  We will set up a just balance on the day of resurrection, so no soul shall be dealt with unjustly in the least; and though there be the weight of a grain of mustard seed, (yet) will We bring it, and sufficient are We to take account” (Holy Qur’an 21:47)

“And Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth and that every soul may be rewarded for what it has earned and they shall not be wronged.” (Holy Qur’an 45:22)

Proposition 2)

If you believe that they will enter paradise after answering for their deeds, then you are assuming that their deeds will include no wrong as the Prophet had promised them paradise. You attribute infallibility to them again. The onus is on you to prove to us that these men were infallible, and they did not wrong Allah, or the Blessed Messenger (saw) during their life times.”

Think about this:

Talha and Zubair fought against Ali.  Ali fought against Muawiya all sides killed many Muslims at the battle of Jamal.  All three of them will be in heaven?

Abu Bakrah ath-Thaqafi  reported – The Blessed Messenger (saw) is reported to have said:  “If two Muslims meet each other with their swords, then both the killer and the killed will be in the Hell-fire.” I said, “O Allāh’s Messenger, that is the case for the killer but why should that be the case for the killed?” He answered, “Because he wanted to kill his companion.” [Bukhāri & Muslim]

“Whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, he shall abide therein forever. The wrath and the curse of Allāh shall be upon him, and a great punishment is prepared for him” (Holy Qur’an 4:93)

Proposition 3)

“If you believe that they will eventually enter paradise with accountability or, after being appropriately punished for their sins, then the hadith is meaningless because this applies to everyone and not only to the ten mentioned.”

“If this hadith were indeed true, then how come one did not see Uthman use it in protest against those who found it lawful to murder him. Nor did any of his companions come to his aid, protesting the unlawfulness of killing someone who is guaranteed paradise. Actually, it would have been unlawful for them to stay silent in this matter. The fact of the matter is the hadith were fabricated at a later date.”

One thing I was very uncomfortable with when discussing with Muslims this particular part of Muslim history the ‘fitna’ or the civil war was that every person who discussed it with me seemed like a dishonest car salesman.

Imagine a car salesman speaking to you so fast, how the car has great gas mileage, and a new paint job, and no engine and great child safety features.  He is speaking about the subject but he very conveniently skips over the fact that the car has no engine.

For the record I do not believe in the Sunni sect and their position to remain silent on the issue, nor their view that all the companions were saints.  I believe this is too convenient a machination that is employed to save many of their ahadith compilations.

I also do not believe in the Shi’a sect and their position to milk this issue for political mileage in order to support their faction either.  I also do not believe it is tasteful in the least bit to curse those who went before us, or to curse the dead.

Is not Allah the Supreme , The All Wise, The Just the best of Judges?

“Whoever does an evil deed will not be recompensed except by the like thereof;but whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – those will enter Paradise, being given provision therein without account.” (Holy Qur’an 40:40)

 

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One response to “The so called hadith of the 10 promised paradise part 2

  1. Pingback: The so called hadith of ‘the 10 promised paradise’ part 1 | primaquran

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