“And do not uphold what you have no knowledge of. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart – about all those one will be questioned.” (Holy Qur’an 17:36)
What is an amazing and refreshing phenomena in the Muslim world today is this idea that Muslims and non Muslims are encouraged to question the Holy Qur’an.
We are encouraged to investigate its’ claims. We are encouraged to think and ponder.
“Will they not then ponder on the Qur’an? If it had been from other than Allah they would have found therein much incongruity.” (Holy Qur’an 4:82)
In fact we as Muslims proudly proclaim anyone’s right to investigate and challenge the claims made in the Holy Qur’an.
We are very confident of the Holy Qur’an as being the revelation given to us by the Almighty.However, the same cannot be said of the of the so called ‘Sahih‘ hadith collections of Bukhari and Muslim
“They are all sahih -‘sound‘” brother . Well, o.k The Qur’an is also sahih- ‘sound‘. yet, the Qur’an is also mutawattir ‘indisputably authentic‘. So your saying I can investigate the history, and compilation of the Holy Qur’an yet, I am not allowed to investigate the history, and the complication of the hadith literature?
So thankfully there was a great Imam of the Sunni faction known as Imam Al Daraqutni (may Allah’s mercy be upon him) and he did not believe that the collection of Bukhari was divine revelation.
It is also possible that Imam Al Daraqutni (raheemullah) took Imam As Shafi’i (raheemullah) seriously when Shafi’i said, “Only Allah’s Book is perfect and free from error.” *
* source: (Narrated by al-Khatib in Mudih Awham al Jam’wal-Tafriq 1:6)
In fact he checked into the compilation of Imam Bukhari and found it wanting.
“In his Kitab-al-Tattabu’ Al-Daraqutni argues for the weakness of 78 hadiths in al-Bukhari, 100 in Muslim and 32 in both based mostly on isnad criticism.” (Volume 1 Hadith History & Principles by Gibril Fouad Haddad pg 106)
The author Gibril Fouad Haddad, does not tell us exactly which of the 78 hadiths in Al Bukhari that Al Daraqutni argued for the weakness of. All that Gibril Fouad Haddad does is quickly sweep this under the rug, with reassurances from other scholars, that everything is fine and well.
He is not the only one who does this. Muhammad Mustafa Al-A’zami quickly diverts the readers attention from this as well.
Allah-willing in the future I will try and get a reliable Arabic source text of Imam Al Daraqutni’s book: Kitab Al Tattabu so that the readers can have a look at Al Daraqutni, and his critique of Imam Al Bukhari.
Imam Al Daraqutni is not the only one who took issue with Bukhari. No less than Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani took issue with ahadith contained with in Bukhari.
For the interested reader you may wish to read this: https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2012/12/07/sunni-intellectual-giant-ibn-hajar-al-asqalani-questions-hadith-about-90-foot-tall-adam/
These are some of the issues that Al Daraqutni could have found problematic in Al Bukhari.
1. Are 2 Rakat after Asr Prayer a Good Sunnah or a Forbidden Thing:
Allah’s Messenger never missed two Rakat before the Fajr prayer and after the Asr
prayer openly and secretly.
Source: (“Sahih” Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10, Number 566)
Whenever the Prophet come to me after the ‘Asr prayer, he always prayed two
Source: (“Sahih” Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10, Number 567)
You offer a prayer which I did not see being offered by Allah’s Messenger when we were
in his company and he certainly had forbidden it (i.e. two Rakat after the Asr
Source: (“Sahih” Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10, Number 561)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Messenger forbade the offering of two prayers:
1. after the morning prayer till the sunrises.
2. after the ‘Asr prayer till the sun sets.
Source: (“Sahih” Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10, Number 562)
Which was the last Ayat of the Qur’an that was revealed:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The last Verse (in the Quran) revealed to the Prophet was the Verse dealing with
usury (i.e. Riba).
Source: (“Sahih” al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #67)
… and the last Verse that was revealed was: “They ask you for a legal verdict, Say:
Allah’s directs (thus) about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs.”
Source: (“Sahih” al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #129)
Hadith that are scientifically unsound and as a result make our Blessed Messenger (saw) look very bad.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said “If a house fly falls in the drink of anyone of you, he should dip it (in the drink), for one of its wings has a disease and the other has the cure for the disease.”
Source: (“Sahih” Al-Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 54, Number 537)
If we brought this hadith to John Hopkins University, Harvard, Yale, Cambridge, Princeton, Oxford, Columbia, Stanford, Duke or any other top university in the world it would be outright rejected!
If one were to try to isolate all the variables and do experiments using this hadith as an assumption of truth we as Muslims would be laughed at!
*note* There has been a change in my position in regards to the above mentioned hadith and what it entails here: https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2013/07/23/hating-a-hadith-just-for-the-sake-of-hating-a-hadith/
But brother it’s sahih! Yes, sahih only means that Imam Al Bukhari found that its narrators were trustworthy people, whom were upright, and met one another. That in his opinion. In his research none of the books of Rijal (studies that look into the biography of the narrators) mentioned the particular narrators in a bad light.
Though much could be said about the methodology laid down by the hadith scholars, which itself has some serious flaws.
Even with his scrupulous investigation It still does not mean that the hadiths in Bukhari are infallible!
Imam Bukhari used Shi’a narrators in his hadith.
Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani (Died 211 AH)
Ibn ‘Adi said: They (i.e. scholars) did not see any problem in his (Abd al-Razzaq Al-San’ani) hadith except that they attributed Shi’ism to him…He was a man of honour … he narrated traditions in praise of the Household of the Prophet (Ahl al-Bayt) and disparaging others… Mukhlid al-Shu’ayri said: I was with ‘Abd al-Razzaq when someone mentioned Mu’awiyah. ‘Abd al-Razzaq said: ‘Do not pollute our assembly by mentioning the descendant of Abu Sufyan!’. [Al-Mizzi, Tahdhib al-Kamal, under “‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani”]
Ibn ‘Adi also narrated the hadith from Abd Al Razzaq al-San’ani , “If you see Mu’awiyah on my pulpit then kill him!” [Al-Dhahabi, Mizan al-’I’tidal, under “‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani”]
And yet in-spite of this his narrations are found in Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-’iman]!!! * The fact that Imam Al Bukhari would use a shi’a narrator who also narrated blatantly sectarian ahadith against Mu’awiyah would show anyone who is willing to be fair and honest that he is not above reproach in his compilations.
* note (allow me to source the exact narration for this so check back for updates)
The point of this entry was to show that Imam Al Bukhari is not revelation. It was not revealed by Allah (swt). It is a compilation of hadith by one of the most distinguished, and erudite scholars in Islam. Bukhari himself rejected 99% of the hadith that he came into contact with.
If you want to see that please check this entry: https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2012/12/06/was-imam-al-bukhari-a-hadith-rejecter-studies-show-he-rejected-99-of-the-hadith-that-he-came-into-contact-with/
Yes, it is possible that all of his ahadith are really things that the Blessed Messenger (saw) said.
However, even if this were the case we are faced with the very grim reality of a Messenger (saw) who makes statements ‘like the one about the fly‘ that does not hold up to scientific scrutiny.
Again I do not believe in throwing out the entire hadith corpus. As I mentioned before my position is not Sola-Qur’an (Qura’n-alone). I simply believe that there needs to be an honest revision of the current hadith corpus. A growing chorus of Muslims are starting to recognize this too!
Muslims will be forced to deal with this. If I had to make a choice between the Holy Qur’an -whom calls the Blessed Messenger (saw) truthful, and a book of oral collections -one of which cast aspersions on his credibility, I think I will go with the Holy Qur’an!
“O Mankind, the Messenger has come to you with the truth from your Lord, so believe; it is better for you. But if you disbelieve – then indeed, to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and earth. And ever is Allah Knowing and Wise.” (Holy Qur’an 4:170)
“It is such that We clarify the revelations to a people who think.” (Holy Qur’an 10:24)