“And do not uphold what you have no knowledge of. Indeed, the hearing, the sight, and the heart – about all those one will be questioned.” (Qur’an 17:36)
What is an amazing and refreshing phenomenon in the Muslim world today is this idea that Muslims and non-Muslims are encouraged to question the Qur’an.
We are encouraged to investigate its’ claims. We are encouraged to think and ponder.
“Will they not then ponder on the Qur’an? If it had been from other than Allah they would have found therein much incongruity.” (Qur’an 4:82)
In fact, we as Muslims proudly proclaim anyone’s right to investigate and challenge the claims made in the Qur’an.
We are very confident of the Qur’an as being the revelation given to us by the Almighty. However, the same cannot be said of the of the hadith collections of Bukhari and Muslim
You will often hear, “They are all sound brother.” Well, o.k The Qur’an is also sahih- ‘sound‘. yet, the Qur’an is also mutawatir ‘indisputably authentic‘. So you are saying I can investigate the history, and compilation of the Qur’an yet, I am not allowed to investigate the history and the complication of the hadith literature?
So thankfully there was a great Imam from our brothers the ‘Ahl Sunnah’. He was known as Imam Al Daraqutni (May Allah’s mercy be upon him) and he did not believe that the collection of Bukhari was divine revelation.
It is also possible that Imam Al Daraqutni (r) took Imam As Shafi’i (May Allah have mercy on him) seriously when Shafi’i said, “Only Allah’s Book is perfect and free from error.” *
Source: (Narrated by al-Khatib in Mudih Awham al Jam’wal-Tafriq 1:6)
In fact, he checked into the compilation of Imam Bukhari and found it wanting.
“In his Kitab-al-Tattabu’ Al-Daraqutni argues for the weakness of 78 hadiths in al-Bukhari, 100 in Muslim and 32 in both based mostly on isnad criticism.”
Source: (Volume 1 Hadith History & Principles by Gibril Fouad Haddad pg 106)
The author Gibril Fouad Haddad, does not tell us exactly which of the 78 hadiths in Al Bukhari that Al Daraqutni argued for the weakness of.
Allah-willing in the future I will try and get a reliable Arabic source text of Imam Al Daraqutni’s book: Kitab Al Tattabu so that the readers can have a look at Al Daraqutni, and his critique of Imam Al Bukhari.
Imam Al Daraqutni is not the only one who took issue with Bukhari. No less than Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani (May Allah have mercy on him) took issue with ahadith contained within Bukhari.
For the interested reader, you may wish to read this: https://primaquran.com/2017/11/08/sunni-intellectual-giant-ibn-hajar-al-asqalani-questions-hadith-about-90-foot-tall-adam/
These are some of the issues that Al Daraqutni could have found problematic in Al Bukhari.
1. Are 2 Rakat after Asr Prayer a Good Sunnah or a Forbidden Thing:
Allah’s Messenger never missed two Rakat before the Fajr prayer and after the Asr
prayer openly and secretly.
Source: (Al Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10, Number 566)
Whenever the Prophet come to me after the ‘Asr prayer, he always prayed two
Source: (Al Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10, Number 567)
You offer a prayer which I did not see being offered by Allah’s Messenger when we were
in his company and he certainly had forbidden it (i.e. two Rakat after the Asr
Source: (Al Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10, Number 561)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Messenger forbade the offering of two prayers:
1. after the morning prayer till the sunrises.
2. after the ‘Asr prayer till the sun, sets.
Source: (Al Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10, Number 562)
Which was the last Ayat of the Qur’an that was revealed:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The last Verse (in the Quran) revealed to the Prophet was the Verse dealing with
usury (i.e. Riba).
Source: (Al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #67)
… and the last Verse that was revealed was: “They ask you for a legal verdict, Say:
Allah directs about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs.”
Source: (Al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #129)
But brother it’s sahih! Yes, sahih only means that Imam Al Bukhari (r) found that its narrators were trustworthy people, who were upright, and met one another. That in his opinion. In his research, none of the books of Rijal (studies that look into the biography of the narrators) mentioned the particular narrators in a bad light.
Even with his scrupulous investigation It still does not mean that the hadiths in Bukhari are infallible!
Imam Bukhari used Shi’a narrators in his hadith.
Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani (Died 211 AH)
Ibn ‘Adi said: They (i.e. scholars) did not see any problem in his (Abd al-Razzaq Al-San’ani) hadith except that they attributed Shi’ism to him…He was a man of honour … he narrated traditions in praise of the Household of the Prophet (Ahl al-Bayt) and disparaging others… Mukhlid al-Shu’ayri said: I was with ‘Abd al-Razzaq when someone mentioned Mu’awiyah. ‘Abd al-Razzaq said: ‘Do not pollute our assembly by mentioning the descendant of Abu Sufyan!’. [Al-Mizzi, Tahdhib al-Kamal, under “‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani”]
Ibn ‘Adi also narrated the hadith from Abd Al Razzaq al-San’ani , “If you see Mu’awiyah on my pulpit then kill him!” [Al-Dhahabi, Mizan al-’I’tidal, under “‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani”]
And yet in spite of this, his narrations are found in Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-’iman]!!! The fact that Imam Al Bukhari would use a Shi’a narrator who also narrated blatantly sectarian ahadith against Mu’awiyah would show anyone who is willing to be fair and honest that he is not above reproach in his compilations.
The point of this entry was to show that Imam Al Bukhari is not a revelation. It was not revealed by Allah (swt). It is a compilation of hadith by one of the most distinguished, and erudite scholars in Islam. Bukhari himself rejected 99% of the hadith that he came into contact with.
If you want to see that please check this entry: https://primaquran.com/2017/11/08/did-imam-bukhari-reject-99-percent-of-the-hadith-that-he-came-into-contact-with/
Yes, it is possible that all of his ahadith are really things that the Blessed Messenger (saw) said.
Again I do not believe in throwing out the entire hadith corpus. That is an evil suggestion by those who have left Islam and started their own religion. I simply believe that there needs to be an honest revision of the current hadith corpus. A growing chorus of Muslims are starting to recognize this too. In fact, many of the savants of hadith continue doing that even in our times such as Shaykh Shuaib Al Arna’ut, Shaykh Nasiruddin al-Abani, Shaykh Salah al-Din al-Idlibi. (May Allah have mercy on them all).
“O Mankind, the Messenger has come to you with the truth from your Lord, so believe; it is better for you. But if you disbelieve – then indeed, to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and earth. And ever is Allah Knowing and Wise.” (Qur’an 4:170)
“It is such that We clarify the revelations to a people who think.” (Qur’an 10:24)