The so called hadith of ‘the 10 promised paradise’ part 1

“Then do they not reflect upon the Qur’an? If it had been from  other than Allah , they would have found within it much contradiction.” (Holy Qur’an 4:82)

Say: “I am no bringer of new-fangled doctrine among the messengers, nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I follow but that which is revealed to me by inspiration; I am but a Warner open and clear.” (Holy Qur’an 46:9)

 

We would expect that any divine source, that would want to regulate and legislate the lives of human beings would be in harmony with itself.  It would be consistent with all of its parts.

This is not the case with the so called ‘hadith’ of the 10 companions that were promised paradise.

I will be dividing this into two parts insh’Allah.

a) The first part will deal with the contradiction itself.

b) The second part will deal more with the ‘matn’  or the text and show some of the theological as well as political ramifications of the hadith.

It will be hoped that part two will also be an eye opener for the readers so they can see motives for the reasons that some of the hadith in the current corpus were corrupted or forged.

 The 10 Companions Promised Paradise?!

Here are the various ‘matn’ or text of the hadith and you can see the obvious conflict.

It should be noted that this ‘famous’ hadith is not to be found in Bukhari or Muslim, both of which have been regarded by the Sunni faction as the most authentic compilations of hadith.

Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd:

AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa’id ibn Zayd got up and said:

I bear witness to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (peace be upon him) will go to Paradise (1), AbuBakr will go to Paradise (2), Umar will go to Paradise (3), Uthman will go to Paradise (4), Ali will go to Paradise (5), Talha will go to Paradise (6): az-Zubayr ibn al-‘Awwam will go to paradise (7), Sa’d ibn Malik will go to Paradise (8), and AbdurRahman ibn ‘Awf (9)will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa’id ibn Zayd (10).

( Collected by Abu Dawood, Sunan Abu Dawood 40:4632 )

Abdul Rahman bin `Awf said: The Prophet (s) said: Abu Bakr in Paradise (1), Omar in Paradise (2), ‘Uthman in Paradise (3), Ali in Paradise (4), Talha in Paradise (5), al- Zubair bin al-‘Awwam (6) in Paradise, AbdulRahman bin `Awf in Paradise (7), Saad bin Abi Waqqass (8) in Paradise, Sa’id bin Zayd (9), and Abu ‘Ubaida bin al- Jarrah (10) in Paradise.”

( Collected by Tirmidhi, Hadith 3747 )

Sa’id bin Zayd, that the Prophet (s) said in a number of people, ten are in Paradise: Abu Bakr (1) in Paradise, Omar (2) in Paradise, ‘Uthman (3) , Ali (4), al-Zubair (5), Talha(6), Abdul Rahman(7), Abu ‘Ubaida (8), and Saad bin Abi Waqqass (9). He counted these nine and was quite about the tenth. They said: By Allah, Abu-al Aawar (i.e. Sa’id), who is the tenth? He said: You swore by Allah – Abu-al Aawar  (10)is in Paradise.” al-Tirmithi commented that Abu-al Aawar is Sa’id bin Zayd bin Amr bin Nawfal (10).
 ( Collected by al-Tirmidhi, under 3748 )
( Collected by al-Tirmidhi, Volume 5, Page 605, Hadith 3748 )
( Abu Dawood, #4649 and #4650 )

The ten people, claimed to been promised paradise by the Blessed Messenger are:

  1. Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
  2. Abu Bakr
  3. Umar
  4. Uthman
  5. Ali ibn Abu Talib
  6. Talha
  7. Zubair bin al-Awwam
  8. Saad bin Abi Waqas
  9. Sa’id bin Zayd   ( Sa’id bin Zayd bin Amr bin Nawfal Also known as Abul-al Aawar)
  10. Abdul Rahman ibn Awf
  11. Saad bin Malik
  12. Abu `Ubaida bin al-Jarrah 

We can see that the list is a total of 12 people.  Now lets discuss on how the hadith scholars try to reconcile all the ‘matn’ or text.

First  it is said that Saad bin Abi Waqas is the same individual as Saad bin Malik.    So let us say that we grant this.

Our list would than be

  1. Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
  2. Abu Bakr
  3. Umar
  4. Uthman
  5. Ali ibn Abu Talib
  6. Talha
  7. Zubair bin al-Awwam
  8. Saad bin Abi Waqas (Saad bin Malik)
  9. Sa’id bin Zayd   
  10. Abdul Rahman ibn Awf
  11. Abu `Ubaida bin al-Jarra

Now let us see how the hadith scholars work their magic!  Obviously listing the Blessed Messenger (saw) among those who were promised paradise would raise an eye brow.  How can all these companions be promised paradise and than not have the Blessed Messenger (saw) included?  Unthinkable!

So the scholars will than turn around and tell us, you see we do have a list of 10 companions going to paradise because now the list look likes this:

  • Abu Bakr
  • Umar
  • Uthman
  • Ali ibn Abu Talib
  • Talha
  • Zubair bin al-Awwam
  • Saad bin Abi Waqas (Saad bin Malik)
  • Sa’id bin Zayd   
  • Abdul Rahman ibn Awf
  • Abu `Ubaida bin al-Jarra

Voila! Magic is created!

In reality we  have a single narration that mentions 10 companions ‘promised paradise’.  That being the one being (Tirmidhi, Hadith 3747) mentioned above. The  disparate narrations that are than brought together and all other narrations are made to conform to this one narration.

In fact if the ‘scholars’ of hadith have demonstrated anything, they have just demonstrated forgery before our very eyes.  The reason I say this is because they take all the disparate narrations, bring them together and than we get the list above!   Why aren’t the other list acceptable?  It should also raise some eye brows about memory retention.  We always hear about how great people’s memories were.

Than would someone care to explain why we do not have agreement among the narrators as to what was actually narrator from the Blessed Messenger (saw) ?

The next article will focus on some of the political and theological ramifications of this particular hadith.

I leave you with the words of Allah,

“Whoever does an evil deed will not be recompensed except by the like thereof; but whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – those will enter Paradise, being given provision therein without account.” (Holy Qur’an 40:40)

You are encouraged to see part 2 of this entry here:

https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2013/03/03/the-so-called-hadith-of-the-10-promised-paradise-part-2/

8 Comments

Filed under Uncategorized

8 responses to “The so called hadith of ‘the 10 promised paradise’ part 1

  1. Pingback: The so called hadith of the 10 promised paradise part 2 | primaquran

  2. Umar

    Brother, you should rather consentrate on matters that directly affect your ibadah that will save you from the punishment of Allah than indulge in arguments that would only encourage the enemies of Islam that are seeking ways to diecredit all the Ahadith as forgeries. What is it that will harm Islam if it is said that some Shabas will enter paradise? After all this Ahadith does not say that only the 10 will enter Paradise, there are plenty of other instances where the Prophet (SAW) give glad tidings to people about paradise. What is your headach? Please concentrate on more serious issues that will help increase muslims in IMAAN and practice of the five pillers of islam.

    • Brother Umar,
      I appreciate your concern. However, if the so called ‘hadith science’ is as strong as the Sunni, Shi’a and Ibadi scholars say it is than assuredly it can withstand any scrutiny. This entire matter is directly related to my worship, because we are told that without these oral traditions we wouldn’t even know how to perform the minute details of our prayers in the ‘correct way’. There is no getting around it.
      With due respect I am not sure English is your first language as I’m not sure I understand the statement,

      “What is it that will harm Islam if it is said that some Shabas will enter paradise? After all this Ahadith does not say that only the 10 will enter Paradise, there are plenty of other instances where the Prophet (SAW) give glad tidings to people about paradise. What is your headach?”

      I certainly believe it is amazing if the Blessed Messenger (saw) gave tidings of paradise to anyone, by way of knowledge that Allah (swt) revealed to him. That would be great!

      I believe you miss the point is that in this particular entry as well as part two we are looking at the ‘matn’ the text. For example you are correct to note that this hadith does not say ‘only these 10…..’ will enter paradise. Bilal (may Allah be pleased with him) is said to be among those in paradise, as in a report attributed to the Blessed Messenger (saw).

      However, what becomes odd about this particular narration is that if other people were promised paradise why does this particular hadith stand out? Why does it become known as ‘the 10 promised paradise’ ? Is this because it helps identify it as a category. For example if we had ahadith that mentioned a zebra would we call it ‘the Zebra hadith’ for sake of reference and title? if so than fine.

      I have listed the various narrations and shown how they are made to conform with one particular narration.

      As regards the issue, “Please concentrate on more serious issues that will help increase muslims in IMAAN and practice of the five pillers of islam.”

      I hope you can appreciate what a niche is? There are people who give fiery sermons to encourage the faithful to do certain acts of worship. There are those who teach the recitation of the Holy Qur’an to others. There are those who delve into speculative philosophy so as to give answer to questions that may plague the minds of the people.

      I have received a lot of good feed back from both Muslim and Non Muslims about this web site. In fact it increase people in IMAAN to know that many of these horrible things in the ahadith are not actually proven to have come from the Blessed Messenger (saw). There is no ‘iron clad’ evidence.

      I’ll give you a quick example. It can really really disturb some people’s IMAAN to believe that a 60 plus year old man (saw) actually had sexual intercourse with a 9 year old girl. I have known very pious and educated Muslims who are very disturbed by this. This practice continues among areas that we could argue are not very high in literacy, where as it is interesting that as literacy and knowledge increase in certain Muslim areas the Muslims themselves find it repugnant.

      So, knowing that the narrations go against clear stipulations as laid out in the Qur’an for a ‘firm covenant’ and that one should have mental maturity, as well as the report attributed to the blessed Rasul Allah (saw) that he did not allow boys under 15 to participate in battle, but would allow women to do so, gives these people a sense of hope.

      It actually increases them in IMAAN. Where as there IMAAN was on the verge of collapse, ‘Accept a 60 plus year old man (saw) had sexual relations with a 9 year old girl, or forever have turbulence in your mind’.

      Yet, after more research many are confident that this absolutely did not happen, and it becomes a huge IMAAN booster for them.

      So if you feel this web site does not increase you in IMAAN than I am sorry for that. There are tomes of websites that speak about minute details of what does or does not break my ablution. I find these web sites and books tedious and dry. It does not increase me in my IMAAN. However, someone else may absolutely love such minute and mundane details and they maybe overjoyed that such information is given to them. It may increase their IMAAN.

      So it is possible this web site does not contain information that you feel is beneficial. Al hamduillah, I accept your comment and your opinion.

      May you have a very blessed and beautiful Ramadan!

  3. jannan

    why are there 10 companions promised paradise? why not 11? or 12…?
    what is the punishment of insulting a companion?

    • Certainly a very just question.

      As regards insults. I do know that the teacher of Imam Bukhari had some nasty things to say about anyone who would insult a companion.

      The book ‘Hadith: Muhammed’s Legacy in the Medieval and Modern World’ by Dr. Jonathan Brown

      “Ibn Ma’in where he said about someone who critiqued a companion, calling the man ‘a sucker of his mother’s clitoris’.” (page 86)

      Maybe others have something to contribute.

  4. Hakimullah

    When the prophet (saw) tells that somebody is going to paradise, he/she is going to the paradise. Not because he is Allah, but because he received revelation from Allah. Same implies to when he tells that somebody is going to the hellfire.

    Like the hadith were the prophet (saw) tells that a female is going to the hellfire because she killed a cat.

    So these 10 people mentioned are going to the paradise based on this authentic narration.

    Besides that, it is written in the Quran itself, that the companions of the prophet (saw) is going to the paradise.

    Quran 9:100

    “And the first forerunners [in the faith] among the Muhajireen and the Ansar and those who followed them with good conduct – Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the great attainment.”

  5. Omer

    Allah (swt) chooses very word including every preposition carefully…please notice the first forerunners AMONG the Muhajiroon and the Ansarand those who followed them in good conduct…

    It may be appropriate to think the verse applies to all the first forerunners but even that is not air tight since the verse says that Allah has PREPARED gardens ….for them….but a preparation does not necessarily mean it is a done deal.

    I may be wrong but I think there is a verse where Allah says that He has prepared heaven for the believers…but does this mean every believer at time=X is for certaintly going to paradise? Not necessarily since believers can become unbelievers…this has not happened among Muslims often but it has happened.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s