Adoptionist theology: How Did Jesus become the son of God?

 

Holy Qur’an chapter 21 verse 26

I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan, the rejected. With the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

“And they say: The Beneficent has adopted a son. Glory be to Him! Nay, they are honored servants.”

POSITION OF THE QUR’AN

Holy Qur’an chapter 112

I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan, the rejected. With the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

“Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.”

Holy Qur’an chapter 19 verses 88-92

I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan, the rejected. With the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

“They say: “(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten a son!” Indeed yea have put forth a thing most monstrous! At it the skies are ready to burst, the earth to split asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin, That they should invoke a son for (Allah) Most Gracious. For it is not consonant with the majesty of (Allah) Most Gracious that He should beget a son.”

THE BIBLE’S POSITION

 

John 3:16 ( King James Version)

“For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten son that whosoever shall believe in him will not perish but have ever lasting life.”

 

Question: What does begotten mean?

 

Answer:

Beget begot, begotten: To become the father of: sire

Sire 1: Father 2: The male parent of an animal (as a horse or dog) sired, siring, PRO-CREATE

Source: (The Merriam Websters Dictionary For Large Print Users)

Beget – give birth to (Websters Dictionary)

 

This is indeed blasphemous to ascribe offspring to the Almighty Allah. It is also insulting to the human intellect of any rational person.

All Christians of every sect believe Jesus is the ‘Son of God’.

Allah declares that ascribing a son or any offspring to him is a thing most blasphemous.

We as human beings have children to pro-create our species; and to ensure that humanity survives. We will all die; therefore it is a necessity that sons and daughters take our place.

However Allah is ever living and needs no such means for ‘survival’.

We will now walk through the development of this all important Christian concept. We will show conclusively how an innocent expression ‘Son of God’ became Jesus ‘The Son of God’ in a literal sense.

This very belief latter mutates into ‘God the Son’ the second member of the ever infamous Tri-theistic Trinity.

SONS BY THE TONS

The terms ‘Son of God’ and ‘children of God’ are often used throughout the

Bible.

Deuteronomy 14:1

“You are children of the Lord your God”

I Chronicles 22:10

“He shall build an house for my name; and he shall be my son, and I will be his father.”

Job 1:6

“Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them.”

Psalms 82:6-7

“I have said, you are gods; and all of you are children of the most high

Jeremiah 31:9

“…For I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.”

Malachi 2:10

“Have we not one father? Has not one God created us?”

 

Matthew 5:9

“Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the sons of God

(R.S.V)

Hebrews 1:5

“For unto which of the angels, said he at any time, You are my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him A FATHER, and he shall be to

me A SON?”

Comments:

In none of the above quotations are the terms ‘children of God’ or ‘Son of God’ understood to be literal, yet in the case of Jesus he is the literal ‘Son of God’.

If you will pay special attention to the last quotation of Hebrews 1:5 You will see that Jesus is ‘A’ Son and God is ‘A’ Father unto him. It does not say Jesus is ‘THE’ Son and God is ‘THE’ father of Jesus.

The reason why Jesus is ‘a’ son and God is ‘a’ father has to do with adoptionist theology.

Question: What is adoptionist theology?

ADOPTIONIST THEOLOGY

2 Samuel 7:14

“I will be his father , he shall be my son.”

note: We don’t have, ‘I am his father’, and ‘He is my Son’.

Here we have a concept of God appointing some one to be his son, righteous servant.

This is also stated in Psalms 2:2 and Psalms 2:7 in a reference to King David.

Psalms 2:2

“The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his anointed.”

Psalms 2:7

“I will declare the decree: the Lord has said unto me, You are my Son; This day have I begotten you.”

Note: It has this day I have begotten you. It is being said to King David while he is alive and a grown adult. David was being appointed by adoption to be the ‘son of God’.

Now I will give you the proof text which show how Jesus went from being the adopted ‘Son of God’ to the literal ‘Son of God’.

 

ADOPTIONIST THEOLOGY BEHIND THE BAPTISM OF JESUS

 

Mark 1:11

“And there came a voice from heaven, saying, YOU ARE my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

Note: The voice from heaven addressed Jesus. The Greek for YOU is su (SU).

Matthew 3:17

“And there came a voice from heaven, saying THIS IS my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

Note: The voice from heaven talks about Jesus. The Greek for THIS IS outos(HOUTOS).

Question: Why the change in the voice?

Why would one writer deliberately alter the wording of the text?

Answer: The theology!

Mark’s theology held that Jesus became the ‘Son of God’ at the baptism much like David’s coronation in 2 Samuel 7:14

Matthew’s theology held that Jesus was already the ‘Son of God’ based on the virgin birth.

So Jesus does not need to know who he is you are my son.

It is the crowd that needs to know this is my son.

 

Qur’an and Gospel of Luke reject Matthew’s claim.

Note: Look at the what the Gospel of Luke and Qur’an say in response to Matthew’s claim about Jesus being the ‘son of God’ based upon the virgin birth.

Luke 1:7

“And they had no child, because that Elizabeth was barren; and they were now well stricken in years.”

Luke 1:18-19

“And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? For I am an old man, and wife well stricken in years. And the angel answered said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; am sent to speak unto thee, and to show thee glad tidings.”

Holy Qur’an Chapter 19 verses 7-9

I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan, the rejected. With the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

(His prayer was answered): “O Zakariya! We give thee good news of a son: His name shall be Yahya: on none by that name have We conferred distinction before.” He said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son, when my wife is barren and I have grown quite decrepit from old age?” He said: “So (it will be) thy Lord saith, ‘that is easy for Me: I did indeed create thee before, when thou hadst been nothing!’

comment: Allah ask Zechariah to reflect upon the fact that he was created indeed before he was nothing

 

Holy Qur’an Chapter 19 verses 16-21

I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan, the rejected. With the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

Relate in the Book (the story of) Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place in the East. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent her our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects. She said: “I seek refuge from thee to (Allah) Most Gracious: (come not near) if thou dost fear Allah.” He said: “Nay, I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to announce) to thee the gift of a holy son. She said: “How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?” He said: “So (it will be): Thy Lord saith, ‘that is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us’: It is a matter (so) decreed.”

Holy Qur’an Chapter 3 verse 59

I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan, the rejected. With the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: “Be”. And he was.

Comment: All glory to be to Allah! Allah explains things in a very simple manner for the Christians. Allah says that Adam was made from dust and he was simply willed into being. Thus if Allah can make a human being from simply saying “Be” surely he can make Jesus without the use of male intervention.

THE FIVE TYPES OF CREATION OF HUMAN BEINGS.
1) Adam made without a man or a woman and not divine!

2) Eve made without a woman and not divine!

3) Jesus made without a man and not divine!

4) Isaac and John made while parents were old, infertile, no Viagra and not divine!

5) Rest of humanity made with man and woman and not divine!

 

THE LUKE FACTOR

Luke’s version of the baptism of Jesus.

Luke 3:22

“And the Holy Ghost descended in bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, YOU ARE my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.”

Note:

1) Luke has the story of the virgin birth

2) Luke has Jesus addressed ‘you are’.

“A few MSS[ “D” “o”, “b”] and Patristic citations representing the “Western” text, have instead of (You are my beloved Son, in thee I am well pleased), the words of Psalms 2:7, You are my son this day have I begotten thee.

Numerous expositors ( e.g. W. Mason, Zahn, Klostermann, Harnack, Moffat, Streeter) accept this variant reading as the original.The majority then explain the alteration of the text from the fact that copyists regarded these words as a contradiction to the reality of the virgin birth.”

Source: [The New International Commentary on the New Testament : The Gospel of Luke by Norval Geldenhuys p. 148]

Comment: If we take the above evidence than the baptism of Jesus according to Luke would look like this,

Luke 3:22

“And the Holy Ghost descended in bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said You are my son this day have I begotten thee”.

This would mean that Jesus became the ‘son of God’ at his baptism while an adult in the same way David became the ‘son of God’ as an adult.

Let’s continue…

 

“More important still is the fact that the heavenly voice which greeted Jesus at his baptism hailed him in the opening words of the decree of Psalms 2:7 ‘You are my Son’ Mark 1:11

“Indeed, the “Western” text of Luke 3:22 represents the fuller wording from Psalms 2:7 which is quoted here by the author ofHebrews 1:5

Hebrews 1:5

“For unto which of the angels said he at any time, You are my Son, This day have I begotten you?”

“The words were evidently in widespread use as a testimonial in the apostolic age, as Acts 13:33 bears witness, and not only these words but the other parts of psalms were given a messianic interpretation, as may be seen from the quotation and explanation of it’s first two verses in Acts 4:25.

Source: [The New International Commentary on the New Testament: The Epistle to the Hebrews FF. Bruce]

 

Acts 13:33

“God has fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he has raised Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalms, You are my Son, this day have I begotten thee.”

Psalms 2:1-2

“Why DO the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his ANOINTED.”

Acts 4:25-26

“Who by the mouth of thy SERVANT David has said, Why DID the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things? The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his CHRIST.”

Note: Some important points need to be made.

David was called ANOINTED (Christ). Also Luke says David was a SERVANT (Slave) of God. This means also Jesus is like David: he is Anointed meaning appointed by God. Jesus is also the Servant (slave) of God!

Lets continue…

“Likewise, certain early manuscripts of Luke quote all of Psalms 2:7: Luke 3:22 in Codex Bezae, and certain old Latin Manuscripts used by Justin, Clement, Origen and Augustine read, “You are my Son this day have I begotten you.”

But interestingly, Luke also used Psalms 2:7, in a speech composed for Paul.

In Paul’s theology Jesus was “DECLARED to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by resurrection from the dead” Romans 1:4

“Luke apparently knew of this Pauline teaching for he has Paul quoting Psalms 2:7 as a speech uttered to Jesus at his resurrection, and not his baptism! Acts 13:32-33

“For Luke and Paul Psalms 2:7 is a RESURRECTION prophecy, and not a BAPTISM prophecy.”

Source: (Gospel Fictions: Randel Helms pg. 32, 38)

LUKE: Sees the water Jesus is baptized in as ‘the grave’. When Jesus comes out of the water it is his ‘resurrection.’ The water being symbolic of ‘being washed by the blood’ of Jesus.

MARK: believed Jesus to be the adopted ‘Son of God’. In the same way David was the adopted ‘Son of God, Thus Jesus becamethe ‘Son of God’ at his baptism.

MATTHEW: believed Jesus was the literal ‘Son of God’ based on the virgin birth.

LUKE AND PAUL: believe Jesus was the ‘Son of God’ based on his resurrection from the dead.”

Note: Paul said Jesus was ‘Declared’ to the ‘Son of God’ not that HE WAS the ‘Son of God’

Source: Romans 1:3

 

What do Christians mean Jesus is thee ‘Son of God’?

Examination time!

We have already seen what begotten means. Not only this but every modern translation of the Bible does away with the term ‘begotten’?

Why?

Answer:

1) Because David was called the begotten ‘Son of God’ in Psalms (2:7). You can not have Jesus be the ‘only begotten’ when David is already begotten.

2) Hebrews 11:17

“By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac; and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son.”

a) This is either a flat contradiction because Ishmael was begotten before Isaac was.

b) Or this is not to be understood literally.

We know this is not to be understood literally. Isaac is not the only begotten son; just as Jesus is not the literal ‘son of God’.

 

Question: Is Jesus ‘eternally begotten’ by the father?

Answer: No!

Hebrews 1:5

“For unto which of the angels said he at any time, You are my Son, This day have I begotten you?”

Comment: Jesus cannot be ‘eternally begotten’ by the father when this passage clearly states ‘ This day’ have I begotten you. Indeed one would wonder what day that is.

When the Catholic church decided upon the doctrine of the Tri-theism they had to make Jesus co equal and co eternal with the father in so doing the doctrine of adoption created huge problems for them. Not only this but if Jesus was indeed begotten ‘this day’ he would not be co eternal. This is why the Catholic church called Jesus ‘eternally begotten’.

 

How do other Bibles translate John 3:16

[The Living Bible] John 3:16

“For God so loved the world that he gave his only son (or the unique son of God), that whosoever believes in him shall not perish but have life eternal.”

[New International Version] John 3:16

” For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only son, that whosoever shall believe in him shall not perish but have everlasting life.”

[Revised Standard Version] John 3:16

“For God so loved the world that he gave his only son, that whosoever shall believe in him shall not perish but have eternal life.”

[The New American Bible] John 3:16

“For God so loved the world that he gave his only son that whosoever shall believe in him shall not perish but have eternal life.”

Note: All of the above translations say something like ‘Only Son’ or ‘Unique Son’.

a) Either this is a flat contradiction because as shown from Hebrews 1:5 Jesus is ‘A’ Son not ‘Thee’ Son of God.

b) Or this is not to be understood literally!

We know this is not to be taken literally. Jesus is not the only son because as already proven God has many ‘sons’.

As far as the ‘Unique Son’ is concerned every ‘Son of God’ is unique! So once again the Christians are at a loss to explain how Jesus is the literal ‘Son of God’. Remember that Jesus never once claimed to be the ‘only son’ of God.

 

CONCLUSION:

The Christians should repent to Allah for every ascribing a son to him. Glory be to Allah who has no need of a son or daughter! It can be seen how Jesus was called the ‘Son of God’ in the same was that previous peoples were called ‘Sons of God’.

However, this concept slowly evolved from being the adopted son of God into Jesus being the literal ‘Son of God’ and eventually led to him being ‘eternally begotten God’

May Allah bring the people out of the great darkness they are in. Ameen!

May the God of Abraham: Allah The Owner of The Throne

guide us all to the truth! Ameen!

 

 

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