Genesis chapter 3 separates Islam and Christianity.

“Then learned Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; for He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful” (Qur’an 2:35-37)

This is the teaching of original forgiveness and we know that he was forgiven because it was Allah that taught Adam the words by which to seek reconciliation with the divine.

Allah! Ar Rahman Ar Raheem! Allah!!!! The Most Merciful!!!! The Ever Compassionate!!!!

After he learned to turn towards Allah (swt) he was forgiven. That is it. Full stop!  There is no sin through death in which amoebas and single celled organisms and everything dies because of this person’s actions!

And no burdened soul can bear another’s burden. And if one weighed down by a burden calls another to carry his load, naught of it will be carried, even though he be near of kin. You warn only those who fear their Lord in secret and keep up prayer. And whoever purifies himself purifies himself only for his own good. And to Allah is the eventual coming.” (Qur’an 35:18)

Contrast this with:

For since death came through a human being, the resurrection of the dead came also through a human being: For just as in Adam all die, so too in Christ shall all be brought to life.” (1 Corinthians 15: 21-22)

Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people because all sinned. To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law.  Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.”  (Romans 5: 12-14)

Comes down to the nature of the divine.

A divine being that shows compassion and mercy towards his creation; or a divine being that places vengeance and death upon the whole of humanity, for the mistake of one.

Apparently according to the book of Genesis after Adam and Eve ate from the tree of good and evil and had a conversation with God they were quite cavalier about the whole ordeal.

Whereas the Allah tells us in the Qur’an that our the progenitors of the human race were more sensible, whereas they said:

They said, “Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we will surely be among the losers.”  (Qur’an 7:23)

Then learned Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; for He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful” (Qur’an 2:35-37)

Adam is such a central figure especially to Christology and we hear nothing more than that he had some children and than died. Which brings us to another point.

Death and the nature of death.

Say, “Call upon Allah or call upon the Most Merciful. Whichever name you call -To Him belongs the best names.(Qur’an 17:110)

His is the dominion of the heavens and the earth. He gives life and causes death, and He is over all things competent.” (Qur’an 57:2)

Allah is the giver of death, the taker of life.

For the wages of sin is death: but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.” (Romans 6:23)

Comment: The wages of sin is death. So because of what Adam and Eve died not only does this sin get transferred to every newborn child, but amoebas, single-celled organisms, insects, fish, and every type of living thing dies because of this.

This bizarre doctrine leads one to reflect on some of the following points:

  • What kind of world would there be if nothing dies?
  • Surely if God created predatory animals there would be animals that would be the prey?
  • If God ordered Adam and Eve to eat of all the fruit surely the fruit would ‘die’ once it was removed from said tree or plant?
  • What would be the population of the planet if nothing died?

Al hamdulilah! We as Muslims do not have such a bizarre doctrine.  Death is a natural part of life. In fact, we as Muslims believe that Allah (swt) is Al Hayyu (the Ever Living).

What would be the point of calling God ‘Ever-Living’ if all living things were to be ‘ever-living’ as well?  Death is a contrast to life so that we understand the sacredness of life, the sanctity of life, and to appreciate the limited time we have been given to live on such a beautiful planet that offers many delights.

If Christians claim that Adam’s death is a ‘spiritual death‘ you have to reflect on the following:

  • Why is there absolute silence on Adam’s reconciliation to God?
  • In light of Adam’s knowledge of the tree of ‘good and evil‘ why is the Bible portray Adam and Eve as so cavalier regarding their spiritual estrangement?

The whole of Christology is based upon Genesis chapter 3. That one chapter that presents to us a bizarre picture of the divine being and human destiny is the edifice upon which Christianity is built.

Whereas the Islamic Theological position is simply surrendering to the will of Allah. Adam and Eve slipped, they were reprimanded and ultimately forgiven.

Whereas in Christology Adam and Eve were placed in the company of their mortal enemy.

Can you imagine what kind of loving Father puts their children in a garden with a shape-shifting entity intent on hurting the children and when the shape-shifting entity dupes the children, not only are the children punished but the whole of humanity?

Contrast this with what God revealed in the Qur’an.

“Did I not forbid you from the tree and tell you that Satan is to you a clear enemy?(Qur’an 7:22-23)

We can see that God clearly gave warning to Adam and Eve about their enemy. Where as in Genesis 3 there is no indication of any warning at all.

Not only this but to show you the extent of this vengeful deity a whole entire species is condemned simply because a shape-shifting entity imitated their kind.

God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.” (Genesis 1:31)

Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made.”(Genesis 3:1)

All that God creates is very good. God created snakes that were very good and very crafty at the same time.

So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all livestock and all wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life.” (Genesis 3:14)

So even more bizarre is the fact that Satan doesn’t get punished at all in Genesis chapter 3. It is the entire species of snakes that get punished instead.

So none of this is good. None of this is an accurate portrayal of the divine working in this world. None of this is an accurate portrayal of the attributes of mercy, wisdom, justice, foreknowledge, or will at all.

The whole Genesis account gives us a picture of a capricious divine being that lacks attributes of mercy, wisdom, justice or foreknowledge.

Contrast again the accounts in Genesis and the Qur’an.

The Lord saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time. The Lord regretted that he had made human beings on the earth, and his heart was deeply troubled. So the Lord said, “I will wipe from the face of the earth the human race I have created—and with them the animals, the birds and the creatures that move along the ground—for I regret that I have made them.” (Genesis 6:5-7)

Now, this does not sound like a divine plan at all. This sounds like a plan going terribly wrong.

How can a person find hope in the Christian tradition when God himself is in despair?

To attribute despair and regret to God is an affront to divine sovereignty and to the understanding that God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.

Contrast dear reader the absolute lack of sovereignty, will, and divine foreknowledge as given in the above passage with what Allah has revealed to us in the Qur’an.

Behold, your Lord said to the angels: “I will create a vicegerent on earth.” They said: “Will you place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood?- while we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify your sanctity?” He said: “I know what you know not.” (Qur’an 2:30)

So set your purpose for the way of life aligned with humanity’s upright nature – the nature (framed) by Allah, in which He has created humanity. There is no altering of the work wrought by Allah. That is the correct way of life, but most men do not know.” (Qur’an 30:30)

Contrasting a divine being that delights in blood and suffering of an animal, the outward material things of this world; with that of a divine being that looks at the contents of the human heart.

It is not their flesh, nor their blood, reaches Allah, but it is your piety that reaches him. Thus has He made them subservient to you, that you may magnify Allah for guiding you. And give good news to those who do good.” (Qur’an 22:37)

This statement from the  Qur’an is very important.  Accordingly, the first idea of blood sacrifice goes back to the story of Cain and Abel.

The Biblical Version:

Adam made love to his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. She said, “With the help of the Lord I have brought forth a man.” Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. In the course of time, Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the Lord. And Abel also brought an offering—fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The Lord looked with favour on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering, he did not look with favour. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast. Then the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.” (Genesis 4:1-7)

The Version in the Qur’an:

Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold! They each presented a sacrifice (to Allah): It was accepted from one, but not from the other.  He said: I will most certainly slay you.”Surely,” said the former, “Allah does accept of the sacrifice of those who are righteous.” (Qur’an 5:27)

Comments:

Notice that in both accounts we are not told of the treachery that one of the brothers did. In fact up until the point of murder what ever he did that estranged him from his Lord is kept as a personal matter between him and God.

The Christians get the idea [with absolutely no proof] that Allah favoured Abel’s sacrifice because he brought Allah some fat -a sacrifice from one of his flock. Whereas according to the Christians Allah didn’t like the vegetables that Abel brought.

 Now think about this for a moment. Doesn’t this make God sound capricious? Of course it does!  

However, you can read in both accounts in the Qur’an and in the Bible that the reason that one sacrifice was accepted was due to the fact that one was righteous. It was the state of his heart and not what was presented!

So which is it?

A divine being that delights in blood and the material things of this world; or a divine being that looks at the contents of the human heart.

The Day when neither wealth nor children shall profit, only the one will be saved who comes before God with a sound heart.” (Qur’an 26:88-89).

Because of Genesis 3 we get the following belief from the Christians:

And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.(1 Timothy 2:14)

This is what the Allah says in the Qur’an:

So he made them fall, through deception. And when they tasted of the tree, their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten together over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And their Lord called to them, “Did I not forbid you from the tree and tell you that Satan is to you a clear enemy?” “They said, Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.(Qur’an 7:22-23)

Note that in the New Testatement because of Genesis 3 the woman is to blame and she was the one deceived.

Whereas in the Qur’an they both were deceived and they both were in error and they both were forgiven.

Also note where Allah swt says,

Did I not forbid you from the tree and tell you that Satan is to you a clear enemy?

That Allah swt made it clear that they had an enemy among them.

Now dear respected reader what you read is two different accounts of what happened with Adam and Eve.

You are not reading a Muslim response to Genesis chapter 3. I want to make that very clear.

What you are reading is what God has revealed in the Qur’an.

The choice you need to make is to discern which of these two accounts are true. The account as given by God in the Qur’an or the account as given in Genesis chapter 3.

It is important for you as a Christian, dear reader to understand that the concepts of Original Sin, Inherited Sin, Total Depravity, Limbo, God Incarnate, the idea of God sending a ‘Son’, the Crucifixion, the Resurrection, Vicarious Atonement, Justification by Faith, Paul’s letters and the entirety of the New Testament all have their basis in Genesis chapter 3.

There is no need for Muslims to engage in any of these other beliefs; because if what God revealed in the Qur’an about Adam and Eve is correct then all of these Christian beliefs that have their basis in Genesis chapter 3 are in and of themselves irrelevant.

Genesis chapter three is all that stands between Islam and Christianity.

 “And when they hear what has been revealed to the Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of what they have recognized of the truth. They say, “Our Lord, we have believed, so register us among the witnesses.” (Qur’an 5:83)

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