The Bid’ah of Ibn Taymiyya and Two Tawhids

 “Today those who disbelieve have lost all hope of damaging your faith. So, do not fear them, and fear Me. Today, I have perfected your religion for you, and have completed My blessing upon you, and chosen Islam as a way of life) for you.” (Qur’an 5:3)

 

Anyone who says, “There is no Allah but Allah and Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah.” enters Islam. That person is a monotheist. Simple.

 

The Blessed Messenger (saw) never taught that tawhid consists of two parts, one part being tawhid al-rubuiyya and the other tawhid al-uluhiyya.

 

When the Prophet sent Mu’adh to Yemen, he said to him, “You are going to a nation from the people of the Scripture, so let the first thing to which you will invite them, be the Tauhid of Allah. If they learn that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers to be offered in one day and one night. And if they pray, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them Zakat of their properties and it is to be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor. And if they agree to that, then take from them Zakat but avoid the best property of the people.”

Source: (Sahih al-Bukhari volume 9, Book 93, Hadith 469)

 

According to those who are truly ignorant in the religion they believe that the Prophet (saw) should have said to Mu’adh, “call the people to tawhid al-uluhiyya of which they are ignorant, as far as tawhid al-rubiyya they knew it already.”

Allah (swt) in his Book never ordered or even mentioned tawhid al-uluhiyya to anyone! Even in Surah al-Ikhlas which is one equivalent to 1/3 of the entire Qur’an.

 

If Ibn Taymiyya is to be believed then it means Allah (swt) did not deliver to us the knowledge of tawhid al-uluhiyya since everyone and their father knew about tawhid al-rubiyya. Authubillah min dhalik! May Allah protect us from that!

Since this doctrine is so central according to certain sects, it means the following verse was not completed: 

“Today those who disbelieve have lost all hope of damaging your faith. So, do not fear them, and fear Me. Today, I have perfected your religion for you, and have completed My blessing upon you, and chosen Islam as a way of life) for you.” (Qur’an 5:3)

We had to wait for Ibn Taymiyya who introduced this division in tawhid and this bid’ah in the religion!

So in the view of this sect, the average Muslim (possibly you the reader) your knowledge of tawhid is on the same level of that of idolaters! Authubillah min dhalik!

 

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (r) never said that tawhid consisted of two parts, one being tawhid al-rubiyya and the other tawhid al-uluhiyya.

 

Imam Ahmad (r) is nowhere recorded to have said, “Whoever does not know tawhid al-uluhiya, his knowledge of tawhid al-rububiyya is not taken into account because the idolaters also had such knowledge.” 

 

 

Tawhid Al-Hakamiyyah!! Why Should Ibn Taymiyya Have All The Fun?   

So realizing that anyone could make a category of Tawhid some people from that sect thought that would get a little creative! https://www.abukhadeejah.com/categories-of-tawheed-not-adding-hakimiyyah/ 

 

The link says,

“They say that there is a Tawheed of Allah’s Lordship, the Tawheed of Allah’s worship, the Tawheed of Allah’s Names and Attributes and the Tawheed Al-Hākimiyyah ―i.e. the Tawheed of Allah’s rule and judgment. This is founded upon the false assumption that the division of Tawheed is a mere matter of terminology, merely tradition and it is not connected to the textual proofs. So, there is no harm, as far as they are concerned, in increasing upon the three categories.  They have made the same mistake as many people make, believing that Tawheed is merely an issue of terminology and that the number of categories does not matter.  But, in reality, the affair of the division of Tawheed into three categories can only be seen through these categories, and there is no fourth.  There is no reduction or increase because anywhere Allah (the Most High) speaks about Himself in the Qur’an, and He explains and clarifies Tawheed, He does so in one of these three categories, and no more.”

“So, it is said to such a person who divides and adds to Tawheed: “This division is not merely invented terminology, rather, this categorisation refers back to the Book and the Sunnah.” 

“When the Salaf categorised Tawheed into three categories, they established it from the Book and the Sunnah.”   

 

Well, well, well. we are told that dividing Tawheed into three categories, “is from the Book and the Sunnah”  So we have the right to ask where?  Where did the Blessed Messenger (saw) teach that tawhid consists of three parts? Or where did He (saw) teach that tawhid consists of two parts, one part being tawhid al-rubuiyya and the other tawhid al-uluhiyya? 

 

Where does the Book of Allah (swt) teach that tawhid is divided into two or three parts? Didn’t the people who advocate Tawhid al Hakimiyyah find that the Blessed Messenger (saw) already divided the tawhid into two or three? Didn’t they find these clear descriptions in the Qur’an?   The answer is: They didn’t. Just like Ibn Taymiyya and those who follow him today can’t find the Blessed Messenger (saw) teaching two or three tawhids either!  It is Bid’ah!  It’s reprehensible innovation in the religion. 

 

However, in the case of Tawhid al-Hakimiyya we can understand why some people who call themselves Salafi distance themselves from it. It has little to do with evidence and truth and more to do with $$$ We get our answer here:

“They are mistaken in adding a fourth category and in saying that there are more than three categories of Tawheed. They have innovated into the Religion with intentions to raise the people against their Rulers with this slogan of Tawheed Al-Hākimiyyah.” 

 Why are they mistaken in adding a fourth category?  On what consistent basis can they not add a fourth category when you people have added three categories? I am only allowed to quote excerpts and not the full article but take a look at the list of scholars that are said to refute Tawheed Al-Hakimiyyah.  You can also read Shaykh Al Abani’s refutation of it here: http://www.themadkhalis.com/md/articles/tjxlr-shaykh-al-albaani-on-tawhid-al-haakimiyyah-a-political-tool-used-to-make-takfir-of-the-rulers.cfm

The truth of the matter is all those who say that tawhid is divided into tawhid al-uluhiyya, tawhid al-rubiyya and tawhid al-hakimiyya are upon bid’ah (innovation). That’s a consistent position. However, if I was on a government payroll of course I would be told to preach against tawhid al-hakimiyyah.   

Which this idea of theirs that one can never go against the government is absolutely refuted in our article here: https://primaquran.com/2020/07/03/between-rebellion-and-oppression-a-middle-way/

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