Nabi Muhammed (ﷺ) never predicted that Al-Hussain ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib will die as a martyr.

Indeed, We have granted you, al-Kawthar. So pray to your Lord and sacrifice. Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off.” (Qur’an 108:1-3)


These sublime verses were revealed to console the heart of the Blessed Prophet Muhammed saw in the face of repeated antagonism by those who called, ‘
abtar‘ which means ‘the animal whose tail is cut off’. It means one who has no one to come in succession, the one who has none to inherit him.

(1. Verily, We have granted you Al-Kawthar.) (2. Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice.) (3. For he who hates you, he will be cut off.) Muslim, Abu Dawud, and An-Nasa’i, all recorded from Anas that he said, “While we were with the Messenger of Allah in the Masjid, he dozed off into a slumber. Then he lifted his head smiling. We said, `O Messenger of Allah! What has caused you to laugh?’ He said,

(Verily, a Surah was just revealed to me.) Then he recited…

 

Indeed, We have granted you, al-Kawthar. So pray to your Lord and sacrifice. Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off.” (Qur’an 108:1-3)

Source: http://m.qtafsir.com/Surah-Al-Kauther/Which-was-revealed-in-Al-Madin—

The Blessed Prophet (saw) had lost his flesh and blood son Ibrahim -may Allah have abundant mercy on him.

When Ibrahim, the son of the Messenger of Allah (), died, the Messenger of Allah () wept. The one who was consoling him, either Abu Bakr or ‘Umar, said to him: ‘You are indeed the best of those who glorify Allah with what is due to him.’ The Messenger of Allah () said: ‘The eye weeps and the heart grieves, but we do not say anything that angers the Lord. Were it not that death is something that inevitably comes to all, and that the latter will surely join the former, then we would have been more than we are, verily we grieve for you.’”

Source: (Sunan Ibn Majah Vol.1, Book 6, Hadith 1589)

We can see that the Blessed Messenger () was overcome with grief from the death of his flesh and blood son. It was a cause of derision from his enemies. Yet, Allah (swt) revealed an entire chapter of the Qur’an on account of this.

And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient,

Who, when disaster strikes them, say, “Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him, we will return. (Qur’an 2:155-156)

So this is the attitude of the believers and who best to lead by example than the Blessed Messenger (). He expressed grief over the loss of his flesh and blood son. Allah (swt) revealed an entire chapter of the Qur’an which, He did not do for the death of anyone else in the Blessed Prophet’s family.

Furthermore…

Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu`ba:

On the day of Ibrahim’s death, the sun eclipsed and the people said that the eclipse was due to the death of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet). Allah’s Messenger () said, “The sun and the moon are two signs among the signs of Allah. They do not eclipse because of someone’s death or life. So when you see them, invoke Allah and pray till the eclipse is clear.”

Source: (Al-Bukhari Book 16, Hadith 19 Vol. 2, Book 18, Hadith 168)

Now if there was an occasion for the Muslims of this Ummah to mourn annually it would have certainly been for the death of the Blessed Prophet’s son.

There is not a single hadith of the Blessed Prophet Muhammed () proclaiming Hussain (ra) will be a martyr or that the Prophet (saw) cried because he was a martyr. Not one.

People commemorate the deaths of others because in their hearts is politics and the stirring of emotions. Yet, the Blessed Prophet Muhammed () son dies and our Noble Prophet ()cried and the whole Muslim Ummah has no day of grieving?

Now someone may retort, ‘There are millions of hadith have you read them all?’ It would be hubris to say that we have read them all. However, what we can say is this. We can say that those who are more studied than us, more learned than us, more familiar with the traditions, and those who make political capital out of tragedy they would have such hadiths and utilized them.

The fact that they did not and still have not until this very day makes our case airtight.

Hadith from the Shi’a sources: (Update 8/31/2020) This is a typo. It is meant to say: Hadith from that Shi’a rely on. 

Ummul Fadhl the daughter of al-Harith said that she entered on the Messenger of Allah (S) and she said: “Oh! Messenger of Allah, I saw a strange dream last night. He said: And what is it? She said: It was difficult. He said: And what is it? She said: I saw, as if, a piece of your body was severed and was put in my lap! The Messenger of Allah (S) said: You saw well – Fatima will give birth, God willing, a boy so he will be in your lap. Then Fatima gave birth to al-Hussain (AS) and he was in my lap – just as the Messenger of Allah (S) said. So I entered one day on the Messenger of Allah (S) and put him in his lap, but I noticed that the eyes of the Messenger of Allah (S) pouring tears! So I said: Oh! Prophet of Allah, my parents are your ransom, what is with you? He said: Gabriel (AS) came to me and informed me that my nation (ummah) will kill this son of mine.”

Source:[al-Mustadrak al-Sahih, al-Hafidh al-Hakim al-Nisapouri, v. 3, p. 176]

Umm Salamah has said: “al-Hussain entered on the Prophet (S), while I was sitting at the door, so I saw in the hand of the Prophet (S) something he turned over while (Hussain) sleeping on his stomach. I said: Oh Messenger of Allah, I looked and saw you turning something over in your hand when the kid was sleeping on your stomach and your tears were pouring? He said: Gabriel came to me with the sand upon which he (Hussain) will be killed. And he informed me that my nation (umma) will kill him.”

Source: [al-Musannaf, al-Hafidh abu Bakr bin abi Shaibah, v. 12. ]

 

Comments:

Both of these hadith are from sources that the Shi’a rely upon. Yet notice the following:

1] –There is absolutely no mention that Hussain (ra) would die as a martyr. No mention at all.

2] That the Blessed Messenger () cried upon information that a family member died would be a very human thing to do.

3] That the Blessed Messenger () said that ‘my nation will kill him’.

The Blessed Messenger () could have said, ‘renegades will kill him’. ‘He will be killed by unbelievers’ etc…..and He () did not say that at all.

This is very important when we consider the following:

Narrated `Aisha:

Usama approached the Prophet () on behalf of a woman (who had committed theft). The Prophet () said, “The people before you were destroyed because they used to inflict the legal punishments on the poor and forgive the rich. By Him in Whose Hand my soul is! If Fatima (the daughter of the Prophet () ) did that (i.e. stole), I would cut off her hand.”

Source: (al-Bukhari 6787 Book 86, Hadith 16 Vol. 8, Book 81, Hadith 778)

So even if the mother of Hussain (ra), the wife of Ali (ra) stole something the law would apply to her. This is important because there is no unequivocal statement of the Blessed Messenger () stating that Hussain (ra) would die as a martyr.

Now imagine that noble Fatima (ra) did steal something. You don’t think it would grieve the Blessed Messenger ()? Wouldn’t you as a parent be grieved if your child or grandchild was injured or punished? Even if they did something right or wrong?

How do we know that that the Blessed Messenger () wasn’t crying over the fact that Hussain (ra) brought women and children into a conflict where he was advised by senior companions not to do so?

What does it say about the character of Hussain (ra) if what we are told is true? That he ‘knowingly‘ knew that he would be ‘sacrificed?’ That he would ‘knowingly‘ sacrifice the honour of his noble sister Zaynab (ra) as well?

He () said: Gabriel came to me with the sand

If Gabriel could bring the sand, he could have brought an item of Hussain (ra) clothing. He could have brought anything. Yet, he brought the sand. The sand where many children and women were unnecessarily killed. Ill-advised indeed.

Hadith from the Sunni sources:

Narrated Wakee’, narrated Abdullah bin Sa’eed, from his father from Aisha or Umm Salamah [Wakee’ said this doubt came from Abdullah bin Sa’eed] that the Prophet () said to one of them [either Aisha or Umm Salamah], “An angel entered the house on me, he never entered on me before, and he said to me, ‘this son of yours, al-Hussain, will be killed, and if you wish I can show you the soil from the earth where he will be killed’. Then he took out some red soil.

Source:[Recorded in Musnad al-Imam Ahmad, vol. 6 p. 294]

Narrated Muhammad bin Udaid, narrated Shurahbil bin Mudrik, from Abdullah bin Nujayy, from his father, that he traveled with Ali , and he used to carry his purifying water. When they were next to Nainawa on his way to Siffin, Ali called, “Be patient Oh Abu Abdillah (the kunya of his son al-Hussain), be patient Oh Abu Abdillah by the banks of the Euphrates. I [Nujayy] said, “what is this?”. He [Ali] said, “I entered upon the Prophet ()one day while his eyes were shedding tears. I said, ‘what is it with yours eyes shedding tears?’. He said, ‘Rather, Jibreel was here earlier and he told me that al-Hussain will be killed by the bank of the Euphrates and he [Jibreel] said ‘do you want me to provide you a sample from his soil [where he will be killed] so you can smell it?’ and I said ‘yes’. So he extended his hand and he took a grip from the soil and gave it to me so I couldn’t help my eyes to fill with tears’

Source: [Recorded by Ahmad, vol. 1, p. 85.]

 

Comments:

What is interesting and indeed telling, is that the Shi’a -from what I observe love to jump on the chance to show that there are problems with Sunni narrations on this or that. They are quite the hadith critiques. However, when it comes to anything from Sunni sources that will make their claims legitimate all the critical thinking skills seem to go right out the window.

The first hadith has an interesting statement: “An angel entered the house on me, he never entered on me before,An unknown angel apparently comes to give the information.

The other odd contradictory information is this.

that he traveled with Ali,

they were next to Nainawa on his way to Siffin,

entered the house on me

So did the angel give this information when they were traveling on the way to Siffin or while the Blessed Messenger() was in his house? It is quite redundant to bring the same information. Three of the hadiths feel it is important to mention the sand, and one of them leaves it out completely.

Who entered in on the Blessed Messenger()?

Ummul Fadhl?

Ali Ibn Abu Talib?

Umm Salamah?

Aisha?

We can reconcile this because Aisha (ra) and Umm Salamah (ra) are both wives of the Blessed Messenger(). Ummul Fadhl (ra) is a paternal Aunt. Ali Ibn Abu Talib (ra) of course is a cousin and son in law. So it is reasonable that they all entered in on different occasions. However, it is not reasonable to think these were separated locations and days. So one can search the history and see if there are records of the four of them traveling together at the said location. Which, can’t be true as one of the narrations has it that the unidentified angel came to the Blessed Messenger ()home.

One this is abundantly clear from the two hadith from Sunni sources. There is absolutely no mention that Hussain (ra) would die as a martyr. No mention at all.

The conclusion?

People commemorate the deaths of others because in their hearts is politics and the stirring of emotions. Yet, the Blessed Prophet Muhammed () son dies and our Noble Prophet ()cried and the whole Muslim Ummah has no day of grieving?

The text of the hadith themselves raise questions and none of them unequivocally say that Hussain (ra) died as a martyr.

 

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