“And if anyone from the polytheists asks for your protection ˹O Prophet˺, grant it to them so they may hear the Word of Allah, then escort them to a place of safety, for they are a people who have no knowledge.” (Qur’an 9:6)
One of the things that the Atheist have used before against the Qur’an the following argument:
As Muslims we accept the Qur’an 100% as the words of Allah (swt).
Even though the words of Iblis (Satan) are in the Qur’an.
“He said: My Lord! Because You have sent me astray, I verily shall adorn the path of error for them in the earth, and shall mislead them every one….” (Qur’an 15:39)
Now when we as Muslims read this are we to understand that quote as the words of Allah (swt) or the words of Iblis? or are they words of Allah (swt) quoting Iblis?
Is Allah (swt) quoting Iblis ad-verbatim or is Allah (swt) simply re-constructing what happened using His (Allah’s) own words? In other words not an exact account but simply the ‘gist’ of what happened?
There is dialogue and conversation between non believers and believers.
“And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah. That is their saying with their mouths. They imitate the saying of those who disbelieved of old. Allah (Himself) fights against them. How perverse are they!” (Qur’an 9:30)
Now when we as Muslims read this are we to understand that quote as the words of Allah (swt) or the words of Unbelievers; or are they words of Allah (swt) quoting Unbelievers?
Is Allah (swt) quoting Unbelievers ad-verbatim or is Allah (swt) simply re-constructing what happened using His (swt) own words? In other words not an exact account but simply the ‘gist’ of what happened?
There is dialogue of Prophets.
“But when Jesus became conscious of their disbelief, he cried: Who will be my helpers in the cause of Allah? The disciples said: We will be Allah’s helpers. We believe in Allah, and bear witness that we have surrendered .” (Qur’an 3:52)
So here is where the dilemma comes in.
Now when we as Muslims read this are we to understand that quote as the words of Allah (swt) or the words of Jesus & his disciples; or are they words of Allah (swt) quoting Jesus & his disciples?
Is Allah (swt) quoting Jesus & his disciples ad-verbatim or is Allah (swt) simply re-constructing what happened using His (swt) own words? In other words not an exact account but simply the ‘gist’ of what happened?
We have to ask ourselves are these actual quotations? So here are our choices.
1) I Allah (swt) quoting these statements ad-verbatim?
2) Allah (swt) is not quoting ad-verbatim and thus giving us the ‘gist’ of what is said.
Here are possible solutions/problems with both option 1) & option 2).
1) It does not seem that these are actual statements ad-verbatim.
Anyone who has studied the Qur’an; or even listen to it understands that there is a fluid, tonal , rhythmic melody that rhymes along the way.
Is it highly unlikely that this is the way that Iblis talked, normal people talk or even the Prophets talk.
To give an example. It is highly unlikely that the Prophets talked like this:
“And I give you glad tidings from your Lord, so share your wealth and do not hoard. If you chase after vain desires you will be bored. You cannot simply do of your own accord. This advise is to be taken and not to be ignored.”
So for example the Qur’an has this rhythmic cadence ‘Qul huwallahu ahad. Allahu Samad. Lam yalid wa lam yulad. Walam yakul lahu kufuwan ahad.’
Hopefully some scholar of any of the Muslim groups could come forward and give convincing arguments that this is how…
or even the unbelievers as they engaged with believers.
2) Allah (swt) is not quoting ad-verbatim and thus giving us the ‘gist’ of what is said. Or you could say giving us an account but not the actual speech or quotes.
If this is correct it sets forth an interesting precedent. In that the Allah (swt) is not say that it is important for any of us to have the actual events of anything; but an approximation of those events. The ‘gist’ if you will.
Also, this is further proof that the Qur’an cannot be the eternal speech which it is rather obvious to anyone that Allah (swt) is reformatting the words, sentence structure of what transpired in the past to conform to an Arabic grammatical and syntax structure that will be revealed in real time.
If this is the case, than those who believe in lone narrator hadith will have room to maneuver. As they do not believe that all the hadith reports are necessarily ad-verbatim transmitted, but transmitted faithfully enough so as to give the ‘gift’ of what the Blessed Messenger (saw) said.
Likewise the Christians would have considerable room to maneuver. Because now we would be presented with a theology that says it would be possible for Allah (swt) to present the ‘gist’ of the message of Christianity through disparate manuscripts without them being an ‘actual’ or ‘ad-verbatim’ account.
I have no good answers to the over all assertions put forward. You can tell from the comment section below this post that many Muslims thought I was out of line for this discovery.
I would simply say Wallahu ‘Alim (Allah knows best)