The Ibadi, Muutazila, Ahl Sunnah & Jahmia: Qur’an and attributes.

“He only orders you to evil and immorality and to say about Allah what you do not know. And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has revealed,” they say, “Rather, we will follow that which we found our fathers doing.” Even though their fathers understood nothing, nor were they guided? (Qur’an 2:169-170)

When it comes to the issue of the Qur’an being created and the topic of the attributes of Allah (swt) we could put this into four views.

Here are the points.

A. There are four denominations in this subject.

  1. Ibadi.
  2. Muutazila
  3. Ahl Sunnah.
  4. Jahmia.

Ibadi & Mutazila say: Attributes of Allah (swt) is nothing other than Allah (swt)

Ahl Sunnah & Jahmia say: Attributes of Allah (swt) are other things with/than Allah (swt).

Ahl Sunnah & Jahmia say: Qur’an is one of the attributes of Allah (swt).

Ibadi & Mutzalia say: Qur’an is not an attribute of Allah (swt).

Jahmia say: Attributes of Allah are created by Allah (swt).

Ahl Sunnah say: All attributes of Allah aren’t created by Allah (swt).

We (The Ibadi) say there are many evidences to prove that the Qur’an is created by Allah (swt).

For the Jahmia the proof that the Qur’an is created by Allah (swt) is that the Qur’an is one of the attributes of Allah (swt). For them all the attributes of Allah (swt) are created by Allah (swt).

Ibadi, Mutazalia & Ahl Sunnah all say any one who believes that the attributes of Allah is created are kaafir. (ungrateful disbelievers)

We the Ibadi say: The Qur’an is a word of Allah and created by Allah but we don’t say the Qur’an is an attribute of Allah (swt).

Our belief is upon Tauhid and the belief of the Jahmia is upon kufr.

I want to thank Shaykh Hamed Hafidh As Sawafi (hafidullah) for this explanation.

For further reading on this subject:

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