“O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” (Qur’an 49:13)
The Shi’a and The Origin of Black People: Blatant Racism
Maliki Jurist Qadi Iyad states: Whoever says the Prophet was black is to be killed.
Ibn Taymiyya and Imam Al Shafi’i believe that the Qureshi Arabs and Arabs in general are superior to all other races/tribes/phenotypes.
Aftab Malik: The Broken Chain: Promotion of ‘Adab’ as a means to accept the racial superiority of the Arabs.