The Attributes of Allah and the Way of the Salaaf.

There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (Qur’an 42:11)

 

It is like the question which came first the Chicken or the Egg?

 

We know that Allah (swt) came before human beings. So in that sense, it is not appropriate to say that they are likening Allah (swt) to his creation rather Allah (swt) is endowing creation with attributes that he has.

 

However, the problem with this line of thinking is that in terms of those outward attributes like hands, face, shin, foot, and so forth is that all of these attributes of humans are contained by space/time. They are parts and appendages connected to other parts and appendages.

 

The other problem with this is that it is not analogous to the Creator. The Creator has not been described as having a nose, ears, neck, etc.

 

Likewise, when someone says, we say ‘Hand but not like other hands‘ It is still comparing the Creator to the Creation. For example, I have a hand but it’s not like other human hands. Even identical twins have different hands with different patterns. Many animals have hands and those hands are not like the hands of other animals. This is actually Tashbih.

 

There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (Qur’an 42:11)

What ends up happening is that many Muslims take a partial negation of likening Allah (swt) to his Creation and not a full negation of likening Allah (swt) to his creation. So they will affirm a hand for Allah (swt)

However, what is the apparent meaning of hand but hand? Then they will quickly add (but unlike other hands). Did the text say “unlike other hands”?

 

For example:

And the Jews say, “The hand of Allah is chained.” Chained are their hands, and cursed are they for what they say. Rather, both His hands are extended.” (Qur’an 5:64)

 

Did this text say:

Rather, both His hands (which are unlike other hands) are extended?” No! The text doesn’t say that. So on what basis do they deny that the hands are like other hands? They claim on the basis of this text.

 

There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (Qur’an 42:11)

 

Yet they turn around deny that because they do not allow the usage of the Arabic language to take effect. They continue to say Allah is like his creation. After all, the creation has hands and Allah too has hands.

 

So what are the principles when dealing with statements in the Qur’an about hands, face, shin, and so forth?

The first and most obvious point is that the Qur’an was sent down in Arabic.

Indeed, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an that you might understand.” (Qur’an 12:2)

 

And thus We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an and have diversified therein the warnings that perhaps they will avoid sin or it would cause them remembrance. “ (Qur’an 20:113)

And that behold, it will be for Us to explain it.” (by-ya-nahu) (Qur’an 75:19)

As the Qur’an came down n the Arabic language it would employ the understanding that the Arabs would have of its grammar, syntax, metaphors, and so forth.

 

Thus Allah makes plain to you His revelations, that perhaps you may reflect”. (Qur’an 2:219)

If something in the Qur’an is not made plain to us it falls under the category of open to interpretation or unclear.

 

It is He who sent down the Book to you from Him: verses that are absolutely clear — they are the foundation of the Book — and others which are open to interpretation. As for those whose hearts are given to swerving, they follow that of it which is open to interpretation, seeking discord and seeking its interpretation. And none know its (tawil) interpretation save Allah and those firmly rooted in knowledge. They say, “We believe in it; all is from our Lord.” And none remember, save those who possess intellect.” (Qur’an 3:7)

 

Whenever they bring you an argument, We come to you with the right refutation and the best explanation-tafsiran.” (Qur’an 25:33)

 

The verses about hands, face, and shin are not absolutely clear. If they were clear it would be enough to simply let them pass by their outward meaning, hand, shin, a face without adding the caveat (but unlike his Creation).

Also, those Muslims who claim that Allah (swt) has hands, face, and shin (but unlike his Creation) have admitted that they have no model of comparison and thus ultimately they don’t really know what it means. At this point to insist that we accept hands, face, and shin for Allah (swt) while admitting that they ultimately do not know what it means is committing a very heavy sin.

A sin of speculation about the Creator that Allah (swt) warned us about.

 

Say, “My Lord has only forbidden immoralities – what is apparent of them and what is concealed – and sin, and oppression without right, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent down authority, and that you say about Allah that which you do not know.” (Qur’an 7:33)

 

Thankfully Allah (swt) has given us the Arabic language, with its rules of grammar and language pertaining to what is figurative interpretation, literal, metaphorical and so forth.

Also, as we will see that those who are grounded In knowledge have shown that these are indeed figurative and metaphorical devices that are used by Allah (swt) about himself.

The Qur’an abounds with figurative language in regards to Allah (swt) that if taken by their apparent meaning will lead to some very problematic conclusions concerning our Sovereign Lord.

 

Who is it that would loan Allah a goodly loan so He may multiply it for him many times over? And it is Allah who withholds and grants abundance, and to Him, you will be returned.” (Qur’an 2:245)

It should go without saying that Allah (swt) is not in need of a loan. There are three other places with such wording: Qur’an 57:11, 57:18, and 64:17.

 

O you who believe! Be helpers of Allah, just as Jesus son of Mary said to the apostles, “Who are my helpers unto Allah?” The apostles replied, “We are helpers unto Allah.” Then a group from the Children of Israel believed and a group disbelieved. So We strengthened those who believed against their enemies, and they came to prevail.” (Qur’an 61:14)

It should go without saying that Allah (swt) does not need any help. A similar statement is found in Qur’an 3:52.

 

They desire to deceive Allah and those who believe, and they deceive only themselves and they do not perceive.” (Qur’an 2:9)

It should go without saying that Allah (swt) cannot be deceived.

 

The hypocrite men and hypocrite women are of one another. They enjoin what is wrong and forbid what is right and close their hands. They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them accordingly. Indeed, the hypocrites it is they who are defiantly disobedient.” (Qur’an 9:67)

It should go without saying that Allah (swt) does not forget. A similar verse is in Qur’an 59:19

 

Those who hurt Allah and His Messenger — they Allah has cursed in the present world and the world to come, and has prepared for them a humbling chastisement.” (Qur’an 33:57)

Are we really to believe that Allah (swt) can be hurt?

 

And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up when I was small.” (Qur’an 17:24)

An apparent reading of this text is that human beings have at least two wings one of which is the ‘wing of humility’ that we should lower to our parents from time to time.

 

Lo! those on whom you call besides Allah are slaves like unto you. Call on them now, and let them answer you if you are truthful!” (Qur’an 7:194)

Are we really to believe from this that Allah (swt) is giving permission for a momentary practice of shirk to prove a point?

 

And whoever is blind in this life will be blind in the Hereafter and more astray in way.” (Qur’an 17:72)

 

 

Are we really to believe from this that Shaky Abdul Aziz bin Baz (who was blind in this life) will be raised up blind in the next life?

 

THE “FACE” OF ALLAH?

 

And whoever submits his face to Allah while he is a doer of good – then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold. And to Allah will be the outcome of all matters.” (Qur’an 31:22)

 

Nay, whosoever submits his face to Allah, while being virtuous, shall have his reward with his Lord. No fear shall come upon them; nor shall they grieve. “ (Qur’an 2:112)

 

So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. Adhere to the fitrah of Allah upon which He has created all people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, but most people do not know.” (Qur’an 30:30)

Anyone care to explain how I ‘direct my face towards the religion’?

Or what does it mean to ‘submit my face to Allah’? If I take it at the apparent meaning does this mean I don’t have to submit my heart to Allah?


So let me tell you something about the Salaaf and these expressions in the Qur’an. Either one of two situations is possible.

  1. Either you were told by people themselves who are not informed that these people (the early Muslims) did not employ the usage of the Arabic language to make sense of these expressions.

  2. You were deliberately lied to.

 

We have already written an article in which we have shown that Ibn Taymiyya himself applied Ta’wil or figurative interpretation (based upon the tafsir of the Qur’an by the Qur’an and the usage of the Arabic language). In turn, got this information from people like none other than Jafar As Sadiq (r.a).

 

Please see the very short entry here:

https://primaquran.com/2020/07/23/ibn-taymiyya-applies-tawil-of-allahs-attributes/

 

THE “TWO EYES” OF ALLAH?

 

Cast him into the chest and cast it into the river, and the river will throw it onto the bank; there will take him an enemy to Me and an enemy to him.’ And I bestowed upon you love from Me that you would be brought up under My eye.” (Qur’an 20:39)

 

Build the Ark under Our eyes and Our direction. And do not supplicate Me concerning those who have engaged in wrong-doing. They are doomed to be drowned.” (Qur’an 11:37)

Sailing, before Our eyes, a reward for him who was denied.” (Qur’an 54:14)

 

Now for a people who claim not to liken Allah (swt) to the creation, they sure did drop the ball on this one! They claim that Allah (swt) has two eyes of which they have absolutely 0 proof.

 

Abu Bakr Ibn Khuzaymah, stated:

We say: Our Lord, the Creator, has two eyes and He sees with them what is beneath the soil, and what is beneath the seventh and lowest earth, and what is in the highest heavens, and whatever is between them, whether small or great…” 

Source: (Kitāb At-Tawheed p. 52, Dār Al-Kitāb Al-Ilmiyyah)

 

Ibn ‘Uthaimeen stated:

We believe that Allah, The Most High, has two real eyes. And this is the saying of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamā’ah. Abul-Hasan Al-Ash’aree said: The saying of Ahlus-Sunnah  and the As-hāb Al-Hadeeth is that Allah  has two eyes, without saying ‘how’ just as Allah has said, “[It was] sailing under Our Eyes.” (54:14).”

Source: (See Izālatus-Sitār ‘an Al-Jawāb Al-Mukhtār li-Hidāyatil-Muhtār of Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, p. 22; also Al-Maqālāt Al-Islāmiyyeen 1/345)

What they do is rely upon the following hadith:

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, (saw) said, “No prophet was sent but that he warned his nation of the one-eyed liar. Verily, he is blind in one eye and your Lord is not. Verily, between his two eyes is written the word of unbelief.

Source: (al-Bukhārī 6712)

Through the above hadith, they rely upon contrast distinction.

This should be a dead give away to the discerning reader whom Allah (swt) has guided as to the reality of their beliefs!

First point. Notice that they are contrasting two very real eyes for Allah (swt) with the creation (Dajjal)? If that Is not telling I don’t know what is. They have to one-up the Dajjal by attributing to Allah (swt) two eyes!

Second point. If they are going to take that route why not say Allah (swt) has ‘three very real eyes’? After all a careful reading of the hadith says, “between his two eyes‘.

Third point. As they have relied upon the hadith about the Dajjal and one eye, it is proof enough that they don’t feel the Qur’an informs them as to the actual “number of eyes” Allah (swt) really has. So from that perspective, Allah(swt) could have hundreds of thousands of eyes.

Fourth point. As their Shaykh Uthaymeen has said that Allah (swt) has “two real eyes” and Ibn Khuzaymah who said, “he sees with them,” this is unlike Satan who apparently doesn’t need the use of eyes to see us!

O children of Adam, let not Satan tempt you as he removed your parents from Paradise, stripping them of their clothing to show them their private parts. Indeed, he sees you, he and his tribe, from where you do not see them. Indeed, We have made the devils as allies to those who do not believe.” (Qur’an 7:27)

 

Thankfully these people seem to be slowly backing away from this position as we have seen more sensible translations (within the parameters of the Arabic language) coming out of Saudi Arabia.

Examples:

And construct the ship under Our observation and Our inspiration and do not address Me concerning those who have wronged; indeed, they are [to be] drowned.” (Qur’an 11:37 Sahih International)

Sailing under Our observation as a reward for he who had been denied.” (Qur’an 54:14 Sahih International)

 

She floats under our eyes (and care): a recompense to one who had been rejected (with scorn)!” (Qur’an 54:14 Yusuf Ali Original 1938 and Saudi Revised 1985)

 

That the Sahih International doesn’t opt for a literal translation is a softening of their approach. The fact that even the Yusuf Ali Saudi Revised 1985 edition which has in brackets (and care) shows that this is exactly what ‘under our eyes’ means. Both are good signs for the Muslim ummah.

 

THE “LAUGHTER” OR “CHUCKLING” OF ALLAH

Now to be honest this is very bizarre indeed. Only in the minds of the people who liken Allah (swt) to the Creation is it necessary to affirm as a point of creed (I am looking at you Aqidah Al Wasatiyyah) that Allah (swt) laughs.

 

Imagine being ex-communicated from religion for refusing to believe in a God that laughs? Now they affirm laughter for Allah (swt) with the caveat “in a way that befits his majesty.”

 

Abu Razin reported: The Messenger of Allah, (saw), said, “Allah laughs at the despair of his servant,for he will soon relieve him.” I said, “O Messenger of Allah, does the Lord laugh?” The Prophet said, “Yes.” I said, “We will never be deprived of goodness by a Lord who laughs!” Source: (Source: Sunan Ibn Mājah 181)

 

“It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: Allah chuckles at the two men both of whom will enter Paradise (though) one of them kills the other. They said: Messenger of Allah, how is it? He said: One of them fights in the way of Allah, the Almighty, and Exalted. and dies a martyr. Then Allah turns in mercy to the murderer who embraces Islam, fights in the way of Allah, the Almighty, and Exalted, and dies a martyr.” Source:(Muslim Kitab Al-Iman hadith number 4658)

 

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, (saw), said, “Allah laughs at two men, one of them killed the other, yet they both entered Paradise. This one fought in the way of Allah and was killed, then his killer repented and was also martyred.” Source: (al-Bukhari 2671, Muslim 1890)

 

Apparently, Imam al-Bayhaqi reports that Imam al-Bukhari said concerning the hadith: “Allah laughs at two men, one of them kills the other, and both of them enter Paradise,” that laughing means, “mercy.” That is, ‘Allah shows mercy to both of them.”

Source: (Al-Asma wa al-Sifat: page 298 and 470 Imam al-Bayhaqi)

 

My comments:

I notice the inconsistency in the translation here.  If “Allah Chuckling is to be equated with his mercy than the above hadith should have translated the word used for ‘chuckling‘ or ‘mercy‘ twice.

 

All of these hadiths seem to be confused and mixed up and I have a huge doubt that any of them were passed down impeccably. The fact that the ahadith seem to mix things up should be apparent to anyone reading them. So I would like to have good thoughts that indeed we are talking about the mercy of Allah (swt).

 

If not this presents a very dark picture of the Creator laughing and chuckling at people who are in despair. People who are contemplating suicide, the plight of the Palestinians, or even the Blessed Prophet (saw) being distraught over conveying Islam. 

 

You would only, perchance, worry yourself to death, following after them, in grief, if they believe not in this Message.” (Quran 18:6)

 

I believe another point of consideration is that if Allah (swt) chuckles and laughs is there sound? Is this part of his speech? If so does this mean that the chuckling and laughter of Allah (swt) is an eternal sifat? Are we to imagine our Creator laughing/chuckling for all eternity?

 

Take heed seekers after truth! This is the kind of creed that many among the Muslims are calling you too, unfortunately!

 

THE “TWO HANDS” OF ALLAH?

 

Let us get something out of the way from the very beginning. There is not a single narration from the Blessed Messenger (saw) where when he speaks of Allah’s “hands” that he (saw), says, “In a way that befits his majesty” or “unlike his creation.”

 

I challenge any of those people who make such a disclaimer statement after mentioning “hands”, “foot”, “eyes”, “shin” “leg” “foot” or “side” to show this!

 

The fact that such people have to put a disclaimer after such a statement is an innovation!

 

They have not appraised Allah with true appraisal, while the earth entirely will be within His grip on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens will be folded in His right hand. Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.”(Qur’an 39:67)

 

This verse also demolishes the claim that Allah (swt) is above the throne in a literal sense. When Allah (swt) folds up the heavens there goes the throne as well!

 

Allah said, “O Iblis, what prevented you from prostrating to that which I created with My hands? Were you arrogant then, or were you already among the haughty?” (Qur’an 38:75)

 

Some of these people have tried to argue that this word translated as “hands” must be understood as “hands” as something special in relation to the creation of Adam. However, this is refuted by the following text of the Qur’an:

 

Do they not see that We have created for them from what Our hands have made, grazing livestock, and then they are their owners?”(Qur’an 36:71)

 

Are we to say that cattle have an advantage or distinction over other animals because they were created by the “hands” of Allah?

 

And the sky we built it with hands.” (Qur’an 51:47)

 

Look at how all three of these Saudi English translations of the Qur’an translate the above text!!

 

And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are its expander.”(Qu’ran 51:47 Sahih International)

 

With power did we Construct heaven. Verily, We are able to extend the vastness of space thereof.” (Qur’an 51:47 Muhsin Khan & Muhammed Al Hilali)

 

With power and skill did We construct the Firmament: for it is We Who create the vastness of pace.” (Qur’an 51:47 Yusuf Ali Saudi 1985)

 

And the Jews say, ‘The hand of Allah is tied up.’ Chained are their hands, and cursed are they for what they say. Rather, both His Hands are extended, HE spends however He Wills.” (Qur’an 5:64)

What this verse means is that both the power and generosity of Allah (swt) is on full display.

 

He wrote the Tawrāt for you with His Own Hand.”

Source: (Bukhāri, no. 6614, Muslim, no. 80)

 

TWO RIGHT HANDS OF ALLAH?

 

The Prophet [saw] said: “Those who are just and fair will be with Allah, Most High, on thrones of light, at the right hand of the Most Merciful, those who are just in their rulings and in their dealings with their families and those of whom they are in charge.”Muhammed (one of the narrators) said in his Hadith: “And both of His hands are right hands.” Source: (Sunan an-Nasa’i 5379 Book 49, Hadith 1 English reference: Vol 6, Book 49, Hadith 5381)

 

 

This cannot be said to be attributed to the Blessed Messenger (saw). This is the statement of the sub-narrator.

 

Other uses of the word hand in the Qur’an.

 

Indeed, those who pledge allegiance to you, they are actually pledging allegiance to Allah. The hand of Allah is over their hands. So he who breaks his word only breaks it to the detriment of himself. And he who fulfills that which he has promised Allah – He will give him a great reward.” (Qur’an 48:10)

This is a metaphorical usage of the word hand that is allowed within the context of the Qur’an itself. Will it be said that people who have no hands or people who are amputees could never make such a pledge?

And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned, but He pardons much.”(Qur’an 42:30)

 

Are we to understand from the above verse that as long as we do evil with our tongues, eyes, feet that disaster will not befall us? As far as those who do not have physical hands does this verse still apply to them?

 

And also prohibited to you are all married women except those your right hands possess.” (Qur’an 4:24)

 

Are we to understand by this verse that a person who has no right hand or a person who was an amputee would not be permitted to marry women as he has no “right hand” to possess them? Certainly not.

 

Oh Prophet, say to whoever is in your hands of the captives, “If Allah knows any good in your hearts, He will give you something better than what was taken from you, and He will forgive you, and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Qur’an 8:70)

Are we supposed to imagine that the Blessed Prophet (saw) was a giant with little tiny people in his hands!?!

 

And remember Our servants Ibrahim and Ishaq and Yaqoub, men who possessed hands and vision.” (Qur’an 38:45)

 

Here the word hands literally do mean power. Look how virtually everyone under the sun translates this!

 

https://www.islamawakened.com/quran/38/45/default.htm


Or he in whose hand is the knot of marriage remits.” (Qur’an 2:237)

 

AFFIRMING THE “SHIN” FOR ALLAH

 

The Day the shin will be uncovered and they are invited to prostration but the disbelievers will not be able.” (Qur’an 68:42)

 

The Shin. Why the shin?

Just ask that question of those who say that it is a matter of creed to accept this on its apparent meaning. Without going into linguistics this alone should expose to everyone under the sun their anthropomorphic creed.

 

If this is not a metaphor and we are to understand that an attribute of Allah (swt) called, “The Shin” ‘ (but a Shin, unlike the creation, is shown) o.k fair enough, but….. umm.WHY THE SHIN?

Why not the hands, face, foot, leg, or side? Think about it. Take all the time that you need.

 

What did the Salaaf say about the shin? What did those early Muslims say about the “Shin”?

Ibn Abbas (r.a) understood this to mean “severity”. That is, “The day that severity will be laid bare.” Explaining this verse, Imam al-Tabari said:

A group of the Prophet’s companions and their disciples, and the people of figurative interpretation have said: “He will uncover a severe matter.” And among those who interpreted the shin to mean “severity” from the Imams of Quranic exegesis are Mujahid, Sa’id bin Jubayr, Qatada, and others, Allah (swt), said,: “And the sky, we built it with hands, And it is We who give expanse.” (Quran 51:47). Ibn Abbas said concerning it: “with strength”.

Source: (Tafsir al-Tabari 27/57)

 

AFFIRMING THE “LEG” OR “FOOT” FOR ALLAH

 

 

And his saying, (saw) Hell will continue to be filled and will say: Are there any more? Until the Lord of honor places His leg (and in another narration: His foot) over it and some of its parts retreat from each other and it says: Enough! Enough!’ All of its parts will be filled together and Allah will not wrong any of His creatures. As for Paradise, Allah will create a new creation with which to fill it.” Source: (Al-Bukhari 4569 and Sahih Muslim 2847)

 

Abu Sulayman al-Khattabi a Shafi’i hadith master said concerning this:

The meaning of the qadam here is possibly a reference to those whom Allah has created of old or “sent forth” for the Fire in order to complete the number of its inhabitants. Everything that is “sent forth” is a qadam, in the same way, that the verbal noun of demolishing (hadama) is a hadm or ruin, and that of seizing (qabada) is qabd or a seizure. Likewise, Allah said:

They have a sure foundation (qadam sidq) with their Lord.” (Qur’an 10:2). With reference to the good works which they have sent forth. This explanation has been transmitted to us from Al-Hasan al-Basri”

Source: (Al-Khattabi, Mu’alim al-sunan (Hims ed.) 5:95)

 

My comments:

This is the nature of our brothers from Ahl Sunnah who try and come up with interpretations to save the narrations. Otherwise, we will end up believing disgraceful things concerning our Creator. 

For us, Ahl Haqq Wal Istiqama there are a few points we might make as regards this hadith. As mentioned by al-Khattabi there is scope for a figurative interpretation. Otherwise, that hadith will clash with these two verses from the Qur’an:

Allah said, “O fire, be coolness and safety upon Abraham.” (Qu’ran 21:69)

Upon the command of Allah (swt) the fire became cool why would Allah (swt) need to stamp it out with his foot or leg? He can just make the command.

Had they really been gods they would not have entered it: They will all abide in it forever.” (Qur’an 21:99)

We know that Allah (swt) is really God. So on the basis of this verse hell is for that which is evil, vile and false and Allah (swt) is Haqq, not falsehood.

 

AFFIRMING THE “COMING” OF ALLAH

Do they await but that Allah should come to them in covers of clouds and the angels as well and the matter is then decided? And to Allah, all matters are returned.” (Qur’an 2:210)

 

And thy Lord shall come with angels, rank on rank.” (Qur’an 89:22)

 

Are they waiting for the angels to come, or for your Lord to come, or for some of the signs of your Lord?’ (6:158)

 

This is Imam Ahmad’s ta’wil of the “coming”

Ibn Kathir reports in al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya that Imam Ahmad said about Allah’s saying: “And Your Lord comes”, “That is, His reward comes.” Imam al-Bayhaqi said, “This is a chain with no dust on it.”

 

Wait they aught save that your Lord’s command (amr) should come to pass?” (Qur’an 16:32)

 

Imam Ahmad’s nephew Hanbal said that he heard Imam Ahmad say:

They argued against me on the day of the (great) debate [munazara], and they say: ‘Sura al-Baqara will come on the Day of Resurrection.” He [Imam Ahmed] said: “So I said to them: “That is merely the reward of Sura al-Baqara that will come.”

Source: (Imam al-Razi’s Asas al Taqdis p 108 and Dhahabi’s Siyar Alam Al-Nubala: 5/11)

 

Also telling from this group is their treatment of the following hadith:

Allah says…..And whoever comes to Me walking, I come to him running.”

Source: (al-Bukhari 7405 Book 97, Hadith 34/English Volume 9, Book 93, Hadith 502)

https://sunnah.com/bukhari/97/34

 

Concerning the above hadith they have been reported to have said::

 

In Fatawa al-Aqida by Muhammad b. Salih b. Uthaimin, page 112, he says:
Quote:

وأي مانع يمنع من أن نؤمن بأن الله تعالى يأتي هرولة

“What could forbid us from believing that Allah performs jogging/trotting [harwala]?” [!!!]

Quote:

If My slave comes to Me walking, I go to him running”. Source: (Al-Bukhari, vol. 9, Book 93, Number 627)
Ibn Baz cites the hadith in his Fatawa and adds:

Interpreting such hadith metaphorically and avoiding relying upon their literal meanings is the practice of the heretic Jahmiyyah and Mu’taziliyyah”.

Source: (Fatawa Ibn Baz, vol. 5, p. 374)

Al-Albani is very explicit on the point: “Running is an attribute of Allah that we lack a base for denying”. Source: (Fatawa Al-Albani, p. 506)

Again, Ibn Baz adds:

Question: Is running an attribute of Allah?

Answer: Yes, as it has been shown in the holy divine hadith…..” and if he comes to Me walking, I go to him running. narrated Bukhari and Muslim.

Ibn Baz, The Everlasting Garden for Scientific Research and Legal Opinions Vol.3 Page 196. The heading of the subject where this fatwa was issued is called “Sifat al-harwala” , the attribute (Sifa) of running.

Source: (The fatwa issued here is number 6932 Book title: Fatawa al-Janna al-Da’ima Lilbuhuth al’ilmiyah wa al’ifta)

Standing firm on justice” (Qur’an 3:18)

You may also ask these people if they believe that Allah (swt) is “sitting” on the throne or do they believe that Allah (swt) is “standing” as this verse says. Perhaps some of them believe it is both and will simply add “without asking how.”

 

AFFIRMING THE “SIDE” OF ALLAH

 

Lest anyone should say, Alas for me, having neglected the side(janbi) of Allah, and having been one of those who scoffed!” (Qur’an 39:56)

Thankfully this one escaped the Aqida Al Wasatiyyah! I haven’t heard yet these people asking Muslims to affirm the “side” of Allah (swt) as an attribute. Praise be to Allah (swt) that common sense and usage of the Arabic language prevailed here!

 

In fact all three of the usual suspects, all three Saudi Arabian English translations have translated Arabic as such:

 

“Lest the soul should (then) say: ‘Ah! Woe is me!- In that, I neglected (my duty) towards Allah, and was but among those who mocked!’- (Qur’an 39:56 Yusuf Ali Saudi Version 1985)

 

Lest a person should say: “Alas, my grief that I was undutiful to Allah (i.e. I have not done what Allah has ordered me to do), and I was indeed among those who mocked (at the truth! i.e. La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), the Quran, and Muhammad SAW and at the faithful believers, etc.)” (Qur’an 39:56 Muhsin Khan & Muhammed Al Hilali)

Lest a soul should say, “Oh [how great is] my regret over what I neglected in regard to Allah and that I was among the mockers.” (Qur’an 39:56 Sahih International)

 

In fact, this is a rare occasion of total consensus in the English language in which all translations have translated at the word as other than “side”.

https://www.islamawakened.com/quran/39/56/default.htm

 

AFFIRMING THE “DESCENT” OF ALLAH

I believe that the following article covered this subject. 

https://primaquran.com/2020/07/06/where-is-allah-allah-is-in-london-england/

 

In the end, ultimately this type of concept concerning Allah (swt) falls flat. If these people will refer back to the Salaaf and bring us a single statement where the Blessed Messenger (saw) said, “hand in a way that befits his majesty” or “foot in a way that befits his majesty”.  If they are unable or unwilling to understand metaphor, figurative speech and/or rhetorical devices than perhaps they will listen to this Imam of the Hanbali school, none other than Ibn Jawzi (May Allah have mercy on him)

 

“Regarding Abu Ya’la ibn al-Farra, the scholars have been particularly harsh. Ibn al-Athir relates that Abu Muhammed al-Tamimi said of him that he had stained the Hanbalis with such distortion and disgrace that the waters of the sea will never wash them clean.” Source: (Ibn al-Athir, al-Kamil 10:52)

Furthermore, Ibn Jawzi relates: 

“Al-Qadi Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi says: “One of my shaykhs whom I consider trustworthy has related to me that Abu Ya’la used to say in relation to the meanings of Allah’s attributes: “No matter what justifications you give to me, I consider it necessary for Him to possess everything in the way of attributes, except a beard and genitals.”  Source: (Abu Bakr Ibn al-Arabi al-Awasim 2:283)

What an evil thing to muse about Allah (swt). May Allah (swt) guide these people back to the right path. 

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The claim of some Muslims that other Muslims took Kalam from the Greeks.

 

 

 

Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (Qur’an 42:11)

Some Muslims accuse other Muslims of taking their kalam from the Greeks. However, when we go to Greece what do we see?

We see Gods and Goddess with their faces, their hands, shins, feet, sitting on thrones, etc.

So who really took their concepts of God from the Greeks?

Look at the Greek statues of Zeus and Nemesis.

 

Praise be to Allah! It is absolutely forbidden to makes images, idols, or forms of Allah (swt)

If it wasn’t for this prohibition I guarantee you that a certain faction of Muslims who are obsessed with the question. “Where is Allah?” Would have produced thousands of such statues by now! At least the ancient Greeks had Xenophanes.

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Is Allah every where?

Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (Qur’an 42:11)

This entry is a refutation of those Muslims who hold the view that Allah (swt) is everywhere.

They may rely upon the following proof text:

 

It is He who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth and what emerges from it and what descends from the heaven and what ascends therein, and He is with you wherever you are. And Allah, of what you do, is Seeing.” (Qur’an 57:4)

 

Have you not considered that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is on the earth? There is in no private conversation three but that He is the fourth of them, nor are there five but that He is the sixth of them – and no less than that and no more except that He is with them wherever they are. Then He will inform them of what they did, on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed Allah is, of all things, Knowing.” (Qur’an 58:7)

 

And to Allah belongs the east and the west. So wherever you turn, there is the Face of Allah. Indeed, Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.” (Qur’an 2:115)

In the Ibadi school, we understand that Allah (swt) has full power and knowledge of all things. We do not believe that Allah (swt) is omnipresent.

A text that contradicts the belief that Allah (swt) is everywhere is the following:

 

Nay, when the earth has been pounded with a great pounding and your Lord and the angels come row upon row.” (Qur’an 89:21-22)

If Allah (swt) is everywhere it would make little sense to believe that our Allah (swt) would ‘come‘ to a place he already ‘is‘.

 

It is He who created for you all that the earth contains: then He turned to the heavens and made them seven skies-and He is the Knower of All Things.” (Qur’an 2:29)

If Allah (swt) is everywhere it would make little sense to believe that Allah (swt) would ‘turn‘ anywhere, for he is already ‘there‘.

 

Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (Qur’an 42:11)

 

The verse above absolutely demolishes any concept of Allah (swt) resembling the creations. This shows that Allah (swt) exists without a place because whatever exists in a place is by nature composed of particles, body, occupying space. Allah (swt) is clear of occupying space, rather it is one place (the throne) or (every place).

 

The very idea of ‘where‘ is Allah (swt) is inappropriate.

 

All the above verses that quote Allah (swt) being ‘with you wherever you are’, or Allah (swt) ‘turning’ or Allah (swt) ‘coming’ are all interpreted using the sound principles embedded in the Arabic language in a way that conforms to Qur’an 42:11.

We also have two very important pieces of information. One from Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (r.a) and the other from the Blessed Messenger (saw).

 

The saying “Allah existed eternally without a place, and He is now as He ever was” is related – without chain – from ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (r.a)

Sources: (Ibn ‘Ata’ Allah al-Sakandari (d. 709) cites it as one of his Hikam (#34). As cited by ‘Abd al-Qahir al-Baghdadi (d. 429) in his al-Farq Bayn al-Firaq page. 256)

 

We also have from the Blessed Messenger (saw) who is reported to have said: “Allah was when there was nothing else than Him, and His Throne was upon the water, and He wrote in the Reminder (al-dhikr) all things, and he created the heavens and the earth.”

 

Source: (Narrated from ‘Imran ibn Husayn by al-Bukhari, in the Book of the Beginning of Creation.)

https://sunnah.com/bukhari/59/2

 

Some people especially perennialist may like to argue that Allah (swt) is everywhere because it will end up supporting concepts like pantheism or pan-deism. Everywhere is basically pantheism or pan-deism. Allah (swt) exist as he was before all Creation (time/space).

 

Our position is what Imam Ali (r.a) stated, “Allah existed eternally without a place, and He is now as He ever was”.”

 

Allah (swt) is eternal and if Allah (swt) is omnipresent it would entail that everything is eternal. If the answer to that is that “It’s all the energy of Allah (swt)” It would entail that Allah (swt) changes, becomes more or less. It would entail that Allah (swt) is in Iblis, Demons, etc…authubillah min dhalik!

 

The other question for those who believe in the omnipresence of Allah (swt) is to ask them:

Is Allah (swt) fully present or partially present? What proof text would be offered to show ‘fully‘ or ‘partially‘?

Why not fully present? If fully present than why is it wrong to worship idols, Jesus, Iblis, Demons, or anything for that matter? Authubillah min dhalik!

If Allah (swt) is only partially present where is the other part that isn’t there?  

 

The belief of Muslims is that Allah (swt) is not present in all of his Creation nor that Allah (swt) is his creation or that Allah (swt) became the universe.

 

All will perish except His face.” (Qur’an 28:88) If This verse is taken by its apparent meaning, it would indicate that that the Creator would increase or decrease. If the universe or reality ‘expands‘ or ‘retreats‘ it entails that the Creator ‘expands‘ or ‘retreats‘.

 

The only challenge to Allah as a “being” that I am aware of is Process Theology (or Process Theism) in Christianity where they state: “God is becoming” not being.

 

The irony is that the one opening for process theology in Islam is the following hadith Qudsi:

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, (saw), said, “Allah Almighty said: The son of Adam abuses me. He curses time and I am time. In my hand are the night and day.”

Source: (Al Bukhari 4549, and Muslim 2246)

 

The irony here is that this one opening also defeats process theology of becoming a reality among Muslims. It defeats the whole idea of ‘becoming‘ if you are omnipresent or time itself. Glory be to Allah!!  

 

And when Musa came at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said: My Lord! Show me (Yourself), so that I may look upon You. He said: You will not see Me but look at the mountain if it remains firm in its place, then will you see Me; but when his Lord manifested His glory to the mountain He made it crumble and Musa fell down in a swoon; then when he recovered, he said: Glory be to You, I turn to Thee, and I am the first of the believers.” (Qur’an 7:143)

Know that the creation cannot contain the Creator not is the Creator present in the Creation. 

 

 

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Polygyny another look

“And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphans, then marry other women those that please you, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then marry only one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline to injustice. (Qur’an 4:3)

Some people may ask, why can men marry up to four women and Muslim women cannot marry up to four men? In reality, the only answer that a Muslim needs to give is: “Because Allah, the Creator of this universe, full of Wisdom has not decreed this.”

The following reasons that I give are actually for those with sickness in their hearts. Those who struggle with understanding that Allah (swt) is full of wisdom and understands the intricacies of his creation better than anyone.

The problem with giving reasons or plausible scenarios is that someone can come along with better reasons that will undermine the reasons that you give. So here are some plausible reasons.

If a man has four wives and they are all pregnant we know who the father is. We also know who the mother of all four of the children is. They are the ones who carried them in the womb for 9 months and then delivered the children.

If the scenario is reversed a woman has four husbands we know who the mother is but who exactly is the father? There is nothing wrong with the child wanting to know who his/her father is. Who is the one who gave life to me? Whose characteristics do I take after?

Now someone can reply that one can take a DNA test. In that scenario, one must keep in mind the cost of the DNA tests. The availability of DNA tests. This in and of itself is simply not practical for implementation everywhere on the Earth.

The other issue with the four men sharing one woman is that each of them may be thinking he is the father of the child. This may also lead to a scenario where each of them thinks they are healthy where it is plausible that one of them may actually be infertile.

This could be quickly identifiable with a man who has four wives. If none of the wives are ever getting pregnant we know something is going on medically speaking. If a woman has four husbands and she gets pregnant we are not able to tell which of those men may have infertility as a medical condition.

Not to imagine what the inheritance laws begin to look like. 

When you factor in natural occurrences like death, divorce, re-marriage, and that in a plausible scenario at any given time anyone woman could have four husbands and any one man could have four wives, it looks to me that the laws of inheritance will become an absolute mess.

 

 

 

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Are Non Muslims Going to Hell According to the Qur’an?

 

Surely, those who believe, those who are the Jews and the Sabians and the Christians, – whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, and works righteousness, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (Qur’an 5:69)

Verily! Those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (Qur’an 2:62)

They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord, and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.” (Qur’an 5:72)

Indeed, those who ungrateful-kafaru and die while they are ungrateful-kuffarun– upon them will be the curse of Allah and of the angels and the people, all together.” (Qur’an 2:161)

“Whoever is guided is only guided for the benefit of his own soul. And whoever errs only errs against it. And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. And never would We punish until We sent a messenger.” (Qur’an 17:15)

For We assuredly sent among every People a Messenger, (with the Command), “Serve Allah, and eschew Evil”: of the People were some whom Allah guided, and some on whom error became inevitably (established). So travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who denied (the Truth).” (Qur’an 16:36)

“Have they not traveled through the earth and observed how was the end of those before them? They were greater than them in power, and they plowed the earth and built it up more than they have built it up, and their messengers came to them with clear evidence. And Allah would not have wronged them, but they were wronging themselves.” (Qur’an 30:9)

Surely, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture did not differ except after what the knowledge had come to them through transgression among themselves. Allah will be swift in reckoning with those who deny His revelations. If they dispute with you, say, I have submitted my whole being to Allah and so have those who follow me. And ask those who have been given the Book, as well as the unlettered, Do you submit yourselves to Allah in the same way? If they submit themselves to Him, they are on the right path; but if they turn away, your duty is only to convey the message. Allah is observant of all His servants.” (Qur’an 3:19-20)

We as Muslims take the Qur’an in total.  We look at verses within their immediate context as well as look at verses in light of other verses.  This helps give us an overall picture of what Allah (swt) is conveying to us.

 

There are usually two extreme views among Muslims.  I don’t think any of them find support in the Qur’an.

The first view is that anyone who has not heard of the message of Islam will automatically go to paradise.  -Those who didn’t hear about Islam will automatically gain paradise.

The second view is that anyone who has not heard of the message of Islam will automatically go to hell.  All non-Muslims will automatically burn in hellfire.

 

Addressing the first view:

First, Allah (swt) has already told us that a messenger has been sent to everyone.

For We assuredly sent among every People a Messenger.” (Qur’an 16:36)

Second, logically speaking to say that everyone who has not heard of the message of Islam clearly will automatically enter paradise would make Islam some type of curse. Wouldn’t it be better to not hear about Islam and enter into paradise without a doubt than to enter Islam and have that chance drastically reduced?

So let’s think this through. According to Islamic tradition, some 124,000 prophets were sent to mankind.  There is a period of purity and clarity in the message and teaching and then a period of distortion and corruption. Thus is it fair to judge the people of the period of ignorance for what the people did during the period of revelation?

“That was a nation which has passed on. It will have what it earned, and you will have what you have earned. And you will not be asked about what they used to do.” (Qur’an 2:133-134)

 

“And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has revealed,” they say, “Rather, we will follow that upon which we found our fathers.” Even if Satan was inviting them to the punishment of the Blaze?” (Qur’an 31:21)

This verse is crystal clear that during the period of distortion and corruption or when no messenger was sent it was still likely for Satan to suggest things to their base selves that would lead them to hellfire.

“On a Day when their tongues, their hands, and their feet will bear witness against them as to what they used to do.” (Qur’an 24:24)

This is a very powerful verse. It is not possible to punish people who do not what is lawful and prohibited as it concerns diet and many indigenous people in the past as well as present have no concept that nudity does not equate to shame.  How to properly perform prayers etc…

However, everywhere one travels on this Earth there is certainly an understanding of selfishness, injustice, cruelty, and malice towards others. One’s own consciousness is a witness against his/her self.

“So stand firm in the primordial nature upon what Allah has instilled in all people. There is no altering the creation of Allah; that is the upright religion but most of mankind know not.” (Qur’an 30:30)

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet,(saw), said, “No child is born but that he is upon natural instinct. His parents make him a Jew, or a Christian, or Magian. As an animal delivers a child with limbs intact, do you detect any flaw?” Then, Abu Huraira recited the verse, “The nature of Allah upon which he has set people,(30:30). Source: (al-Bukhārī 1292, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2658)

“Abraham was not a Jew, nor yet a Christian, but he was a “Hanif” (an upright man) who had surrendered, and not of the idolaters.” (Qur’an 3:67)

“We will soon show them Our signs in the Universe and in their own souls until it will become quite clear to them that it is the truth. Is it not sufficient as regards your Lord that He is a witness over all things?” (Qur’an 41:53)

These people can still come to the conclusion that Allah is one. Those among them will be judged based upon how they lived their lives in the same way Muslims will be judged based upon how we lived our lives. Human beings have been given intellect and with this intellect, a person would realize that they were created. As this Creator has created me it is a right of the Creator that I worship him. 

This is in regards to the Aqidah/Belief side.  When it comes to the Fiqh/Jurisprudence they are excused.

Those among them (non-Muslims) who committed shirk they will be in the hellfire.

 

“And the earth shines bright with the light of her Lord, and the Book is set up, and the prophets and the witnesses are brought, and it is judged between them with truth, and they are not wronged. And every soul shall be paid back fully what it has done, and He knows best what they do.” (Qur’an 39:70)

“And We will set up a just balance on the day of resurrection, so no soul shall be dealt with unjustly in the least; and though there be the weight of a grain of mustard seed, (yet) will We bring it, and sufficient are We to take account.” (Qur’an 21:47)

So these verses are sufficient to prove that.

  1. Allah has sent a messenger to every people.
  2. In the event of a period of corruption and distortion, the people will still be judged based upon what they have done.
  3. In the event of a period of corruption and distortion or no messenger received that Satan could still suggest to people to do vile acts of injustice, selfishness, and cruelty, etc..

Conclusion: Guidance is a blessing and not a curse. Guidance is both for serenity in this life as well as increases the probability of entering into paradise.

“Not equal are the blind and the seeing man, those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, and the wrong-doer. Little do you reflect.” (Qur’an 40:58)

 

Addressing the second view:

The following verses of the Qur’an are often quoted to support the second view.

Examination of (Qur’an chapter 3:85- 91)

The main thrust of the argument is in verse 85, however, what happens is that the verses are taken out of context and people do not continue to read the verses after verse 85

And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter, he will be one of the losers. How shall Allah guide a people who disbelieved after their belief and after they bore witness that the Messenger (Muhammed) is true and after clear proofs had come unto them? And Allah guides not the people who are unjust. They are those whose recompense is that on them rest the curse of Allah, of the angels, and of all mankind. They will abide therein (Hell).l Neither will their torment be lightened, nor will it be delayed or postponed. Except for those who repent after that and do righteous deeds.

Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Verily, those who disbelieved after their Belief and then went on increasing in their disbelief  – never will their repentance be accepted. And they are those who are astray. Verily, those who disbelieved, and died while they were disbelievers, the (whole) earth full of gold will not be accepted from anyone of them even if they offered it as a ransom. For them is a painful torment and they will have no helpers.”

First point.

It is very clear in the context that those people Allah mentions going to hell in verse 85 are those who disbelieved after their belief. This verse is addressing apostate Muslims. Because the only people who could believe that Muhammed (saw) is a messenger are Muslims.

The context of these verses categorically states that it is in reference to the Muslims who leave Islam that they will be a loser. Those people will be in eternal hellfire. 

Second point.

Notice the part that says, clear proofs had come unto them.” Now obviously there are millions of people on this planet who have not even heard a clear message of Islam.

If we claim as we always do on our media programs that our religion is the most misunderstood than it becomes readily apparent that these same people cannot turn around and latch on to the proclamation that the non-Muslims will go to hell simply on the basis of being ‘Non-Muslims‘. Although they can still go to hell for many other reasons. Obviously ‘clear proofs’ have not reached such people.

Third point

With all the doom and gloom mentioned the context itself says, “ Except for those who repent after that.” 

That alone shows that verse 85 has a context that too many people ignore.

Conclusion: The verses above have nothing to do with non-Muslims. It is talking about Muslims who reject Islam. It is talking about apostates and that their reward in the hereafter is hellfire.

The verses that establish that Islam is the religion before Allah (swt)are the following:

Surely, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture did not differ except after what the knowledge had come to them through transgression among themselves. Allah will be swift in reckoning with those who deny His revelations. If they dispute with you, say, I have submitted my whole being to Allah and so have those who follow me. And ask those who have been given the Book, as well as the unlettered, Do you submit yourselves to Allah in the same way? If they submit themselves to Him, they are on the right path; but if they turn away, your duty is only to convey the message. Allah is observant of all His servants.” (Qur’an 3:19-20)

What is important is the above verses put the following verses into context. 

Surely, those who believe, those who are the Jews and the Sabians and the Christians, – whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, and works righteousness, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (Qur’an 5:69)

Verily! Those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (Qur’an 2:62) 

These verses are regarding the Jews, Christians, and Sabians PRIOR to the advent of Islam. After the arrival of Islam, those religions were abrogated. They are NOT valid vehicles of salvation any longer. So those Christians or Jews or Sabians who belong to the first group we mentioned at the beginning of the article if they enter heaven it is in spite of their Christianity, Judaism, or Sabian beliefs. It is certainly not DUE to those beliefs.   Any Jew, Christian, or Sabian that Islam has reached them and they have been given a clear presentation of Islam, and they reject it, they will be in the hellfire forever.

 

First point. The belief in Allah.  whoever believes in Allah

So let us think about that. This does not include the belief in many gods or polytheism. This is important because there are people who have good intentions but very bad theology. Omnism, Universalism, and some forms of Perennialism are examples of this.

In many cases, those who hold these views are the very theological tyrants they accuse those of us who uphold our faith traditions to be.

Often they will blur the lines between faith traditions. For example, I know many Hindus who do not want their faith to be identified with monotheism or watered down to make it a part of the ‘Abrahamic Tradition‘.  To force monotheistic theological views on their tradition is not only a gross misrepresentation of their tradition but a total disregard for it.

The second point. The belief in the Last Day. and the Last Day

So let us think about that. As these texts above are often used by interfaith conferences to play on the phrases, ‘Sabians‘ and ‘whoever’. There are obviously other traditions in this world that do not believe in the ‘last day‘. They believe in endless cycles of birth and death or as another tradition believes the cycle continues until one reaches nirvana and escapes this cycle.  It’s only disrespect of such traditions and not allowing them to define their beliefs on their own terms that one would desperately try and turn the ‘last day‘ into ‘the day one enters nirvana‘.

The Third point. Does righteous good deeds.

The fourth point. Does not die in kufr ni’ama- a state of ingratitude, doing major sins without the expiation or repentance.

The fifth point. They did not hear a clear explanation of the message of Islam in its current manifestation and then reject it.

The reason why these two verses above cannot be taken in general is due to the following:

They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord, and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.” (Qur’an 5:72)

Certainly, a great many Christians hold this view. So the above verses need to be understood in the context of what 5:72 is saying above.

Next, the verse says: “Whoever joins other gods with Allah,-Allah will forbid him the garden and the Fire will be his abode.” -This verse certainly rules out polytheism or any belief in multiple deities.

Next, the following verse makes it clear what is acceptable before Allah.

Surely, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture did not differ except after what the knowledge had come to them through transgression among themselves. Allah will be swift in reckoning with those who deny His revelations. If they dispute with you, say, I have submitted my whole being to Allah and so have those who follow me. And ask those who have been given the Book, as well as the unlettered, Do you submit yourselves to Allah in the same way? If they submit themselves to Him, they are on the right path; but if they turn away, your duty is only to convey the message. Allah is observant of all His servants.” (Qur’an 3:19-20)

  1. The religion with Allah is Islam.
  2. Allah is swift in dealing with those who deny his revelations, the Qur’an included.
  3. Do you submit yourselves to Allah in the same way? If they submit themselves to Him, they are on the right path.

 

 

“Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidence, and guidance, which We have sent down after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allah and cursed by those who curse. Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 2:159-160)

We see very clearly from this verse that Islam is an evidenced-based way of life.

We as Muslims can not or should not make statements of certainty about our faith without being prepared to bring forth a proof, argument, justification, or evidence of that claim. I did not say there are no differences of opinion. I simply am saying that anyone who makes a claim should have some basis for it.

Otherwise, if you have no foundation upon which you make a case then anyone can say anything.

And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger”  (Qur’an Chapter 17:15)

How fair and just is our Lord and Creator? Subhan’Allah! (Glory be to Allah!)

Again this problem also comes about because of two huge theological errors not supported by the  Qur’an.

1 Many Muslims believe that just because we are a Muslim or wear the title of ‘Muslim’ that we will be guaranteed paradise.

2 Non-Muslims are all Kafir and thus are going to hell.

Addressing the first point. 

“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of being Muslim.” (Qur’an 3:102)

status and station and condition 

People can die as a dentist or a lawyer. You can die single or married. These are all status.  You could also die while swimming, driving a car, or sleeping.  These are all states one could die in. You could die healthy or sick. These are all conditions.

So what Allah is asking us to die in a state of being Muslim.

There is a whole article written that rejects this claim that just because one is a Muslim they will eventually enter paradise.

https://primaquran.com/2020/08/03/the-position-of-the-ibadi-school-on-muslims-who-commit-major-sins/

 

Addressing the second point. Is it not true that all Non-Muslims are Kafir/Kufr?

Answer: The term Kafir is derived from an Arabic word kaf faa raa that is usually translated into English as “infidel” or “unbeliever.”

The word kāfir is the active participle of the Semitic root K-F-R “to cover“. As a pre-Islamic term it described farmers burying seeds in the ground, covering them with soil while planting. Thus, the word kāfir implies the meaning “a person who hides or covers”.

Use of the word kufr in the Qur’an to support the above assertion.

Know that the life of this world is but amusement and diversion and adornment and boasting to one another and competition in increase of wealth and children – like the example of a rain whose plant growth pleases the tillers (kuffara) ; then it dries and you see it turned yellow; then it becomes debris. And in the Hereafter is severe punishment and forgiveness from Allah and approval. And what is the worldly life except for the enjoyment of delusion? (Qur’an 57:20)

Another meaning of kafir is to be ungrateful to show ingratitude.

And when your Lord made it known: If you are grateful (shakartum), I would certainly give to you more, and if you are ungrateful (kafartum) ,  then My torment will be severe. (Qur’an 14:7)

So here Allah (swt) contrasted gratefulness with kafar (ungrateful). He also again warned us that his ‘torment will be severe‘ for those who are ungrateful.

How is it you are ungrateful (takfurūna) to Allah? You had been lifeless, then, He gave you life. again, He will cause you to die. Again, He will give you life. And, again, you are returned to Him.” (Qur’an 2:28)

So when they ride in the ships they call upon Allah, being sincerely obedient to Him, but when He brings them safely to the land, lo! they associate others (yush’rikūna) with Him; being ungrateful (liyakfuru) for what We gave them. So let them take joy for soon they will know!” (Qur’an 29:65-66)

So with all these verses in mind, it should be known that in the Ibadi school we understand Kufr -as a denial of truth, covering up the truth, and ingratitude-either by one’s actions or inaction.

So in our view, anyone who associates a partner with Allah (swt) is a kafir-one who is ungrateful.

However, those Muslims who commit the major sins are also in a state of kufr ni’mah, and if they do not repent and reform themselves before they die they will be in hellfire forever.

Here is another passage of the Qur’an that is often misquoted.

“Say you, Who reject faith I worship not that you worship. And nor you worship that I worship. And I shall not worship what you worship. And nor shall you worship what I worship. For you, your way of life. And for me my way of life.” (Qur’an chapter 109:1-6)

Question for Muslims:


How do you reject something that has never been presented to you? Or how do you reject something that has not been presented to you with clear proofs, evidence, arguments?

I think some Muslims need to rethink some of the more widely held opinions. Of course, this blog has a comments section and I open to being refuted. In fact, if a fellow Muslim believes I am spreading false information about the faith it becomes an obligation upon them to refute and correct my errant ways.

 

Conclusion:

This article could have easily been titled,  ‘Are All Non-Muslims going to hell”.    The problem is that when we deal with absolutes we tend to make absolute judgments on the other.

I am sure there are people who are not Muslims that are going to hell. However, I am not going to believe this is simply because of their being Non-Muslim. I believe it is because of the lifestyle they choose to live.  I also believe that there are people who call themselves, “Muslims” who will be going to hell. Again because of the lifestyle they choose to live and the way they choose to treat other people. If they committed a major sin and did not repent they will die as a kafir (ungrateful disobedient one). 

I believe this entry has shown the fallacy in believing that just because a person has not heard of Islam it means a free pass into paradise. I also believe that this entry has shown the fallacy of believing that just because a person is a non-Muslim that they will automatically be going to hellfire.

and Allah knows best.

“He singles out for His mercy whomever He wills. His grace is boundless.”  (Qur’an 3:74)

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Proof from the Ibadi school that the punishment of hellfire is ever lasting.

“And they say, “Never will the Fire touch us, except for a few days.” Say, “Have you taken a covenant with Allah? For Allah will never break His covenant. Or do you say about Allah that which you do not know?” Yes, whoever earns evil and his sin has encompassed him – those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.” (Qur’an 2:80-81)

 

As mentioned in a previous post we would like to clarify that for those of us who follow ‘Ahl haqq wal istiqamah’ or also known as the Ibadi school of Islam, for us it is not important if our school is right or wrong on the matter.

What is important for us is that we are following the clear evidence as given by the Qur’an and the agreed-upon traditions of the Blessed Messenger (saw)- Al Sunnah.

The first point of clarification. Difference between infinite and everlasting (going backward and forward in time).

The difference between infinite and everlasting. Infinite is something beyond counting, beyond a real measurement. In this regard, only Allah (swt) is truly eternal. The knowledge of the created things is eternal.

Knowledge of the eternal does not equate to the eternality of the thing known.

Where was everlasting is enduring forever; existing or continuing without end.

“That is Allah, your Lord; there is no deity except Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Disposer of all things.” (Qur’an 6:102)

Only Allah (swt) has no beginning.

Some may wonder if such an article necessary? What benefit does this have for the Muslim community? Such an article is necessary and it has an immense benefit for those who are willing to take heed. Every one of us has come short of the Glory of Allah (swt). Every one of us has fallen short in some aspect of our relationship with Allah (swt). Some of us more so than others.

Do you ever wonder about the moral erosion even in the Muslim communities? Do you think that this possibly has some root in the theology that Muslims have concerning the afterlife?

Do you not think that an attitude that says:

  1. I’ll only be in the hellfire for a little while.
  2. The Blessed Messenger (saw) will make intercession for me so I have nothing to worry about.

Do you not think that such attitudes are flippant? To already treat hellfire as such a light matter has certainly led many of us not to fear Allah (swt).

An over-emphasis on the Love of Allah (swt). Of course, Allah (swt) is known as Al-Wadud (The Loving) twice in the Qur’an. After that people have to read Rumi and other forms of poetry and books of saints to get their fix.

However, the Al-Nar (The Fire) is mentioned some 120+ times.

Jahnnam (The Abode of Hell) is mentioned some 70+ times.

Jaheem (Blazing Flames) is mentioned 20+ times.

It is a theme that is threaded all throughout the Qur’an.

I have often wondered at the success of Christian evangelism throughout certain parts of the world. Certainly, they bring food, build wells, hospitals, and schools. All of this is good and Muslims are doing this and should increase our efforts in doing this. Yet, for the Evangelicals, there is one central message that comes packaged with this help. That message is one that says, ‘I care about your eternal hereafter‘. It is a frightening warning, that without faith in Christ Jesus we will burn for all eternity. Unless one is in the habit of scoffing outright at such a proclamation it is certainly something many take very seriously.

“And thus We have revealed to you an Arabic Qur’an that you may warn the Mother of Cities [Makkah] and those around it and warn of the Day of Assembly, about which there is no doubt. A party will be in Paradise and a party in the Blaze.” (Qur’an 42:7)

Allah (swt) revealed the Qur’an in Arabic. He wanted the Blessed Messenger (saw), to convey the message about the day of resurrection, that people would be in paradise and that people would be in hellfire.

Now with calling people to Allah (swt) there should be a methodology and wisdom in how we call people. Yet, it cannot be denied that the Blessed Messenger (saw) was sent to warn people against the hellfire.

Keep in mind as well those very few but loud voices that say that hellfire is an allegory, are now saying the same thing about paradise and the resurrection. They came as a packaged message.

“This is the fire which you used to deny. Is this an illusion (afasih’run) or is it you who are still unable to see?” (Qur’an 52:14-15)

I would like to begin as well with a quotation that is a very heartfelt response taken by the majority of our brothers from Ahl Sunnah today. That those who commit the major sins will still enter paradise. As well as the view as taken by the majority of Sunni Muslims that sinful Muslims will eventually enter paradise.

“This objection is rejected in that, on the basis of this opinion of theirs, they must then say that the committers of fornication, those who do the deed of the people of Lut, the consumers of usury, the killers of souls without right, those who prevent the payment of zakah, and the rest of the people who commit major sins other than shirk, will be counted among the righteous who have been promised Bliss, and greater contentment from Allah. By Allah, there are no more effective means to demolish the foundations of the religion, to abase the rituals, to diffuse the evil, than this opinion. It demolishes all the commands and prohibitions of Allah and blows up everything that has come in His Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger, of the warning for the people who commit major sins. It is sufficient that fornication, homosexuality, drinking wine, indifference to being cuckolded, and all the prohibited things will be among acts of righteousness because their committers are in the ranks of the righteous.” -Shaykh Ahmad b. Hamad al-Khalili (Grand Mufti of the Sultanate of Oman)

“The belief of us Ibadis is that whoever enters the Fire from among the muwahhid disobedient and the associators (mushriks) will remain there permanently, not for a finite period.”-Shaykh Ahmed b. Hamad al-Khalili

“The difference between us and the Kharijis is that they oppose us only in that they judge of every punishable act of shirk entailing expulsion from the millah.”-Shaykh Ahmed b. Hamad al-Khalili.

 

Looking at the evidence from the Qur’an

“And they say, “Never will the Fire touch us, except for a few days.” Say, “Have you taken a covenant with Allah? Allah will never break His covenant. Or do you say about Allah that which you do not know?” Yes, whoever earns evil and his sin has encompassed him – those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally (khaliduna).”(Qur’an 2:80-81)

Among the people who believe that hellfire is not permanent are the Jews. This assertion of theirs is rebuked and made public to emphasize how very wrong they were in their assertion.

The idea of being in the hellfire ‘except for a few days‘ or ‘awhile’ is juxtaposed next to the phrase ‘companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally‘.

There are those who will object to the word khaliduna. Two things must be kept in mind.

  1. The term khaliduna is being contrasted with the bold lie that of being in hell for a little while.
  2. ” And We granted not to any human being immortality before you (O Muhammed), then if you die, would they live forever (khaliduna)?” (Qur’an 21:34) -This verse contrast living a long time with living forever.

Whom Allah (swt) addressed in verses: 81-82 It is very clear that this distinguishes a few days, a little while non-permanence with everlasting permanence.

This is another text that should make this very clear.

“But I have for you only notification from Allah and His messages.” And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger – then indeed, for him is the fire of Hell; they will abide therein(khalidina) forever (abadan).” (Qur’an 72:23)

Those who do not understand the evident text and wording of khalidina to be forever than would also have to come to terms with the idea that heaven is not abiding forever, the paradise will not abide forever, neither the blessed messenger (saw) or his family.

They will one day come out of paradise. Do you believe it?

The idea of hellfire being some temporary stay is certainly Jewish penetration into Islamic thought.

“This because they say: “The Fire shall not touch us but for a few numbered days.” What will happen to their belief when We bring them together on the Inevitable Day when every soul will be justly recompensed for its deeds?” For their forgeries deceive them as to their own religion.” (Qur’an 3:24)

There are two things to take note of for those who fear Allah (swt) in the above verse:

  1. These people will say hell is only a numbered amount of days are going to be in for a really terrible surprise when they approach the inevitable day. ‘What will happen to their belief’
  2. These lies have deceived them about their own religion-that there could be laxity in obeying the commands of Allah (swt).

“But whoever kills a believer intentionally – his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.” (Qur’an 4:93)

Killing is a major sin (less than shirk) but still deserving of everlasting hellfire.

“Those who consume interest cannot stand on the Day of Resurrection except as one stand who is being beaten by Satan into insanity. That is because they say, “Trade is just like interest.” But Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden interest. So whoever has received an admonition from his Lord and desists may have what is past, and his affair rests with Allah. But whoever returns to dealing in interest or usury- those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein.(Qur’an 2:275)

“For them who have done good is the best reward and extra. No darkness will cover their faces, nor humiliation. Those are companions of Paradise; they will abide therein eternally. But they who have earned blame for evil doings – the recompense of an evil deed is its equivalent, and humiliation will cover them. They will have from Allah no protector. It will be as if their faces are covered with pieces of the night – so dark, are they! Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.” (Qur’an 10:26-27)

Comments:

People who were in hell for a while and then admitted to heaven can hardly be described as having, “no darkness covering their faces nor humiliation.”

Those who do not understand the evident text and wording of khalidina to be forever than would also have to come to terms with the idea that heaven is not abiding forever, the paradise will not abide forever, neither the blessed messenger (saw) or his family.

They will one day come out of paradise. Do you believe it?

“And those who say, “Our Lord, avert from us the punishment of Hell. Indeed, its punishment is (gharanama) everlasting debt…” (Qur’an 25:65)

Our Lord! bring us out of this: if ever we return to Evil, then shall we be wrong-doers indeed!” He will say: “Be driven into it with ignominy! And do not speak to Me!” (Qur’an 107- 108)

“But as for those who defiantly disobeyed, their refuge is the Fire. Every time they wish to emerge from it, they will be returned to it while it is said to them, “Taste the punishment of the Fire which you used to deny.” (Qur’an 32:20)

 

“And for those who disbelieve will be the fire of Hell. Death is not decreed for them so they may die, nor will its torment be lightened for them. Thus do we recompense every ungrateful one. And they will cry out therein, “Our Lord, remove us; we will do righteousness – other than what we were doing!” But did We not grant you life enough for whoever would remember therein to remember, and the warner had come to you? So taste the punishment, for there is not for the wrongdoers any helper.” (Qur’an 35:36-37)

“And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden to be killed, except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. Their punishment will be multiplied on the Day of Judgment, and they will remain in it forever (wayakhlud), in disgrace .” (Qur’an 25:68-69)

 

“So taste the penalty, and never will We increase you except in torment.” (Qur’an 78:30)

“Indeed, the righteous will be in pleasure, And indeed, the wicked will be in Hellfire. They will [enter to] burn therein on the Day of Recompense, And will not be removed from it.” (Qur’an 82:13-16)

“Indeed, Allah has cursed the ungrateful and prepared for them a Blaze Abiding therein forever (khalidina fiha abadan), they will not find a protector or a helper., they will not find a protector or a helper.” (Qur’an 33:64-65)

Comments:

  1. These people are not going to be let out during Ramadan (no helper no protector)
  2. Allah (swt) is not going to release them after a period of time. (no helper no protector)
  3. They find no reprieve in the annihilation of hellfire and/or their own existence (no helper no protector).

“Indeed, those who disbelieve and commit wrong or injustice – never will Allah forgive them, nor will He guide them to a path. Except for the (tariqah)path of Hell; they will abide therein forever (khalidina fiha abadan). And that, for Allah, is always easy.” (Qur’an 4:168-169)

“But the ones who disbelieved and denied Our verses – those are the companions of the Fire, abiding eternally (khalidina) therein; and wretched is the destination.” (Qur’an 64:10)

“Indeed, the criminals will be in the punishment of Hell, abiding eternally (khaliduna). It will not be allowed to subside for them, and they, therein, are in despair. And We did not wrong them, but it was they who were the wrongdoers. And they will call, “O Malik, let your Lord put an end to us!” He will say, “Indeed, you will remain.” (Qur’an 43:74-77)

Comments:

Once again if anyone has any doubts about khaliduna being eternal, forever, everlasting the guardian of Hellfire himself, the noble angel Malik told the inhabitants that they will remain there.

The proof of the enduring, eternal everlasting nature of the punishment of hellfire is overwhelming. In fact, based upon the evidence that has been given every place in the Qur’an that talks about hellfire (is talking about eternal agony)

This is absolutely terrifying. In fact, I would encourage anyone reading this to go and listen to their favorite  Qur’an reciter, reciting the verses of hellfire and you will feel as if a hand had reached deep within your soul and shook you to the core of your being! Except possibly those whose hearts are dead or bereft of faith. May Allah (swt) protect us from that!

 

POSSIBLE OBJECTIONS TO THIS FIRMLY ESTABLISHED BELIEF.

First, it is important to understand that there are two groups here:

  1. There is Jahm bin Safwan and Ibn Al Qayyim. Keep in mind that most of what is know about Jahm is through polemical works directed at him so how fair the assessment is can be debated. Their understanding is that there is an end of punishment for both the associators and the muwahhid disobedient.
  2. The Ash’ari holds permeance for both places. However, they hold that the non-muwahhid will abide in hell forever, whereas the muwahhid disobedient will be in hell for a short while (undefined).

As regards the term ‘khalidina‘ both groups try to dismiss this by interpreting it metaphorically. We have already shown above the problem with doing this, especially when we look at the context.

As regards evidence that Jahm bin Safwan advanced to show that heaven and hell are not eternal is the following:

He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing.” (Qur’an 57:3)

The argument is that if we understand this is that as Allah (swt) is The Last it means heaven and hell cannot be enduring.

We understand ‘The First and The Last‘ as The First meaning taking precedence and The Last as remaining after every existent. Nothing brought into being can change Allah (swt) or cancels out anything about him.
precedence over -remaining after every existent. Nothing is before Him and nothing is after Him.

We also understand that Allah (swt) is one. However, we do not understand this as numerically ‘one‘ as zero precedes one.

Another proof that is used is:

“They will abide therein for ages.” (Qur’an 78:23)

The argument is that ages come to an end.

It simply an expression of time. One age passes another follows. Note it does not say ‘until the ages come to an end‘.

Even one has to agree the evidence here is implicit. Whereas the explicit is what is mentioned here 5:37

“They would desire to go forth from the fire, and they shall not go forth from it, and they shall have a lasting punishment.” (Qur’an 5:37)

 

Everything will perish save His Face.” (Qur’an 28:88)

If this is understood literally it presents a problem. This text is a challenge that takes the attributes of Allah (swt) based upon their apparent meaning.

We take into account other places where this is mentioned:

“Everyone upon the earth will perish. And there will remain the Face of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor.” (Qur’an 55:26-27)

We understand this to be that every single being will perish and their lives will be short. Whereas Allah (swt) is Ever-Living.

This text cited above brings us to the next point.

In the next section, we will bring forth proof text that can be used by Jahm bin Safwan and Ibn Al Qayyim as well as the Ash’ari/Maturidi 

 

The proof texts

 

“As for those who were destined to be wretched, they will be in the Fire. For them therein is violent exhaling and inhaling. They will be abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure, except what your Lord should will. Indeed, your Lord is an effecter of what He intends. And as for those who were destined to be prosperous, they will be in Paradise, abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure, except what your Lord should will – a bestowal uninterrupted.” (Qur’an 11:106-108)

 

A look at the two clauses. 

The first clause: “Except what Allah wills.”

This will deal primarily with the Ash’ari/Maturidi objection.

Those who also cite the above text (Qu’ran 11:106-108) in conjunction with the following verse:

“And the Day when He will gather them together and say, “O company of jinn, you have misled many of mankind.” And their allies among mankind will say, “Our Lord, some of us made use of others, and we have now reached our term, which you appointed for us.” He will say, “The Fire is your residence, wherein you will abide eternally, except for what Allah wills. Indeed, your Lord is Wise and Knowing.” (Qur’an 6:128)

So at 11:108 above and at 6:128, they focus on the phrase: “Except for what Allah wills.

 

First, it is important to understand that Allah’s will is not like a human will. If a human being wills something today that person may change their mind tomorrow, and when tomorrow comes they may again adopt a completely different idea.

“There is no changing in the words of Allah.” (Qur’an 10:64)

 

“We would have invented against Allah a lie if we returned to your religion after Allah had saved us from it. And it is not for us to return to it except what Allah wills. Our Lord has encompassed all things in knowledge. Upon Allah, we have relied. Our Lord, decide between us and our people in truth, and You are the best of those who give a decision.” (Qur’an 7:89)

We can see the phrase: ‘Except what Allah wills‘ above.

Does anyone think for a moment that the will of Allah (swt) that people leave Islam for their previous religion? Does anyone think, ‘Well you know there may be exceptions were Allah wants people to leave Islam and practice Shirk again!‘. It is an absolutely ridiculous idea.

“The response to this is that exception does not denote the ending (of the punishment). Because exception by the Will of Allah comes in the Word of Allah to emphasize that what is reported happens by His Will (not otherwise). If he wills the opposite of that, it will be so. When Allah (swt) says that something happens if He wills it, it is intended to show His power and majesty because He has control over all things.

 

That is like in His saying, Exalted is He:

“By degrees shall We teach you, so you will not forget, except what Allah wills(Qur’an 87:6-7)

With the assurance that the Prophet does not forget anything of what Allah (swt) revealed or taught him.”-Shaykh Ahmed Al Khalili

“By degrees shall We teach you, so you shall not forget except as Allah wills” (Quran 87:6-7)

The meaning is that the exception here is to emphasize the negation.

If Allah (swt) wants the Prophet (saw) to recite the Qur’an without forgetting it, the exceptional clause cannot be construed to mean that if He wishes He will make him forget it. That would be a contradiction and defeat the whole purpose of the passage.

 

Another example:

Certainly, has Allah showed to His Messenger the vision in truth. You will certainly enter al-Masjid al-Haram, if Allah wills, in safety, with your heads shaved and hair shortened, not fearing anyone. He knew what you did not know and has arranged before that a conquest near at hand.” (Qur’an 48:27)   

This verse cannot be construed that Allah (swt) will ‘change his mind‘ as Allah (swt) has already given his decision on this matter: “You will CERTAINLY enter.” 

So as we have seen ‘Except what Allah wills‘ can be seen as a rhetorical device.

“In any case, they have not argued from any text which means what they claim. They have only presented some interpretations which can be opposed by what invalidates them. And matters of the faith-as I said above-must rely upon the firm text.” -Shaykh Ahmed Al Khalili.   

If anyone was ever to be taken out from the hellfire it would be a clear contradiction of the following verses:

“And those who followed shall say: Had there been for us a return, then we would renounce them as they have renounced us. Thus will Allah show them their deeds to be intense regret to them, and they shall not come forth from the fire.” (Qur’an 2:167)

“And as for those who disbelieve, for them is the fire of hell; it shall not be finished with them entirely so that they should die, nor shall the chastisement thereof be lightened to them: even thus do We retribute every ungrateful one.” (Qur’an 35:36)

“And as for those who transgress, their abode is the fire; whenever they desire to go forth from it they shall be brought back into it, and it will be said to them: Taste the chastisement of the fire which you called a lie.” (Qur’an 32:20)

“They would desire to go forth from the fire, and they shall not go forth from it, and they shall have a lasting punishment.” (Qur’an 5:37)

“Surely as for those who reject Our communications and turn away from them haughtily, the doors of heaven shall not be opened for them, nor shall they enter the garden until the camel pass through the eye of the needle; and thus do We reward the guilty.” (Qur’an 7:40)


These texts are sufficient to prove that ‘
Except As Allah wills‘ -that Allah (swt) has not willed for them nothing except enduring punishment.

The ‘will of Allah‘ in the verses above is undefined not defined. The verses that declare permanence of punishment is clear, there is no uncertainty as to what they denote.

Matters of Aqidah have to be derived from the explicit text and not ambiguous evidence.

As for the Ash’ari we say to them there is nothing in those verses that indicate differentiation between the muwahhid disobedient and the others. Rather, those verses are about the warning of ALL the people of the fire.

 

The second clause: “They will be abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure.”

 

“As for those who were destined to be wretched, they will be in the Fire. For them therein is violent exhaling and inhaling. They will be abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure, except what your Lord should will. Indeed, your Lord is an effecter of what He intends. And as for those who were destined to be prosperous, they will be in Paradise, abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure, except what your Lord should will – a bestowal uninterrupted.” (Qur’an 11:106-108)

 

For Jahm bin Safwan and Ibn Al Qayyim. They are focused on the part that says, “They will be abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure.”   This means the enjoyment of heaven and the punishment of hellfire are conditional upon the existence of heaven and earth.

However, that very verse can be used to demolish their view. It says, “a bestowal uninterrupted.” Certainly, it would be interrupted if it was contingent upon the endurance of heaven and earth. Unless we are not talking about heaven and the earth that you and I know!

“On the Day when the earth shall be changed into another earth, as shall be the heavens, they will all appear before God, the One, the Most Supreme.” (Qur’an 14:48)   

This is an important point. It is important because it is proof that demolishes any claims against the abiding punishment of hellfire.  So the clause ‘except as your Lord wills‘ is also understood by the clause ‘abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure‘.  This in turn is ‘a bestowal without interruption‘. 

Summary:

The bestowal will be uninterrupted

This means the new heavens and the new earth will have no end.

This in turn means no end to the paradise and no end to the suffering of hellfire.

So this deals a crushing blow to Jahm bin Safwan and Ibn Al Qayyim.

 

The Ash’ari will also use as an argument:

“Perhaps will wish those who disbelieved, if they had been those-who-submit/Muslims.” (Qur’an 15:2)

 

Their argument is that those people will so wish to be Muslims when they see the disobedient Muslims getting out of the fire, whereas they still remain in it. That is an interpretation not supported by the wording of the verse, and there is no evidence for it from anywhere else.

There is no scope to argue from what is unclear.

“Indeed, Hell has been lying in wait For the transgressors, a place of return, In which they will remain for ages. They will not taste therein any coolness or drink. Except for scalding water and foul purulence -An appropriate recompense. Indeed, they were not expecting an account. And denied Our verses with emphatic denial. But all the things We have enumerated in writing. “So taste [the penalty], and never will We increase you except in torment.” (Qur’an 78:21-30)

Comment:

Also, if the Ash’ari were to apply consistent hermeneutic principles their understanding invalidates the understanding of surah 78 because it necessarily entails saying the same about the mushrikin, that they will come out of hell, and saying that there is a term (an end) to the blessings of Paradise.

That is in regard to the Qur’an. If the Qur’an is not sufficient for anyone to draw their theological conclusions from than let that be known.

Arguments from the Sunnah.

They (the Ash’ari)rely on narrations that speak of release from the fire yet there are narrations that speak of dwelling permanently in the fire. We can give those upon request. We take the text of that which conforms to the strongest evidence, the Qur’an, and not what opposes it.

“Abrogation is never permitted in the reports of the Law-Maker because His Knowledge is not refreshed and He is not ignorant of anything that happens, and He does not reveal but the truth.”-Shaykh Ahmed Al Khalili

 

Ash’ari rational arguments:

As for their rational argument: that is that, if the muwahhid disobedient are equal to the muhsrikin in dwelling permanently, then there will be no effect of the word of tawhid, and no advantage from pious actions.

The answer to this is that they, though equal in permanence are not equal in punishment in the same way as the righteous will not be equal in the reward, rather they will differ in according to their actions. The fire has stages as the garden has grades.

 

Philosophical objections:

Allah’s actions are not bound by systems and world views decided by human reason, nor are they to be related to norms derived from human imagination.

“He cannot be questioned concerning what He does and they shall be questioned.” (Qu’ran 21:23)

 

We must believe that our limited intellects are too disabled, wearied, feeble, and powerless to encompass His wise purpose in His actions, or to penetrate His secrets in His creation: ‘you are not given of the knowledge but little” (Quran 17:85)

Our duty is only to surrender to what Allah (swt) informs us about. Our certainty that Allah, Exalted is He, does not speak but the truth, just as He does not command but to the truth:
“Who is truer in speaking than Allah?” (
Quran 4:122)

Personally dear reader I am not comfortable with such a belief. However, why should I be comfortable with it? I am however convinced of the veracity of Islam and the truth of the Qur’an. The truth does not care about my sentiments. I am to submit to the truth and the evidence and what I want to be true.

All I can do is my level best. All I can hope for you is that the reader will be impacted by what is presented here in a positive way.

 

As the Sufi poet Rabia Basri is recorded to have said: “O my Lord if I worship you from fear of hell, burn me in hell. If I worship you for the hope of Paradise, bar me from its gates.
But if I worship you for yourself alone, grant me then the beauty of your Face.”

Source: (Women in Praise of the Sacred (HarperCollins Publishers Inc, 1994)

One can admire such longing and desire but it must be realized that such a statement was uttered by a person who never tasted the flames of hellfire. As is the case paradise should be sufficient for her, you and me.

May Allah (swt) grant you the reader, all Muslims who truly repent and all truth seekers everlasting paradise. Amin!

“This because they say: “The Fire shall not touch us but for a few numbered days.” What will happen to their belief when We bring them together on the Inevitable Day when every soul will be justly recompensed for its deeds?” For their forgeries deceive them as to their own religion.” (Qur’an 3:24)

 

 

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The Blessed Prophet Muhammed did not perform funeral prayers for Muslims who killed themselves.

And do not pray over any of them who has died – ever – or stand at his grave. Indeed, they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died while they were defiantly disobedient.” (Qur’an 9:84)

We also know that the Blessed Messenger (saw) is 100% against suicide/homicide bombings.

“Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, after that, throughout the land, were transgressors.” (Qur’an 5:32)

The Prophet Muhammed (saw) did not perform funeral prayers over Muslims who killed themselves.

Imam Muslim reported from Jabir b Samura who said, “Someone who killed himself with a spear was brought to the Prophet (saw) but he did not pray over him.”

(Source: Narrated by Muslim in Al Sahih: Kitab al-Janaz [The book of funeral processions], chapter: “On Not Offering Prayer over Someone who Committed Suicide, 2:672 /978.)

Imam Al-Nas’ai , Abu Dawud and Ahmad b Hanbal cited the same report in the following words:

“Ibn Samura reported that someone killed himself with a spear and the Messenger of Allah said, “As for me, I shall not pray over him.”

Source:  (Narrated by al-Nas’ai in al-Sunan: Kitab al-jana’iz. [The Book of Funeral Processions], chapter: ‘On Not Offering Prayers over someone who Committed Suicide’, 4:66 /1964, Abu Dawud in al-Sunan: Kitab al-jana’iz [The Book of Funeral Processions], chapter: ‘The Imam Should Not Offer Prayer over Someone who Committed Suicide[‘, 3:206/3185 and Ahmad b. Hanbal in Al Musnad, 5:92 /20891″)

This is very serious when you consider that the Blessed Prophet Muhammed (saw) prayed for his enemies and people who hurt him and attacked him.

He even stood for a Non-Muslim Jewish funeral procession.

“A funeral procession passed in front of us and the Prophet (saw) stood up and we too stood up. We said, “O Allah’s Apostle (saw)! This is the funeral procession of a Jew. He (saw) said, “Whenever you see a funeral procession, you should stand up’.” Source: (Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23)

He used to perform the funeral prayers over the hypocrites until the revelation came ordering him to abandon this practice.

“And do not pray [the funeral prayer, O Muhammed], over any of them who has died – ever – or stand at his grave. Indeed, they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died while they were defiantly disobedient.” (Qur’an 9:84)

You also know that there is no shafaat for these people in the future because the Blessed Prophet Muhammed (saw) did not even make the funeral prayer for such people!

“The Day they are dragged into the Fire on their faces it will be said, “Taste the touch of Saqar.” (Qur’an 54:48)

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The position of the Ibadi school on Muslims who commit major sins.

“And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them, We have prepared a painful torment.” (Qur’an 4:18)

O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah with the care which is due to Him, and do not die unless you are Muslims.” (Qur’an 3:102)

First I would like to clarify that for those of us who follow ‘Ahl haqq wal istiqamah’ or also known as the Ibadi school of Islam, for us it is not important if our school is right or wrong on the matter. What is important for us is that we are following the clear evidence as given by the Qur’an and the agreed-upon traditions of the Blessed Messenger (saw)- Al-Sunnah.

The only reason the title is put as such is to make a distinction between what we believe that truth and reality to be as opposed to what our brothers from other schools believe to be true on the matter.

It is important to understand how we understand the word ‘Muslim’ and the word ‘kufr’ and what they mean based on the agreed-upon sources.

There are states or conditions that we are born into that we can lose and those states or conditions that we cannot lose. For example, if you are born a man or a woman for the rest of your life you will be a man or a woman. (though in this day and age some may even scoff at this reasoning!)

There is one’s ethnic group to which you belong that you are born with. If one is born an Arab they will die as an Arab.

So your gender, your ethnicity you are born as such and die as such.

Now a status can change. You could go from being single to married. You could go from being married to single. You could begin a career as an engineer and die as a pharmacologist.

So this is why it is important to understand the word ‘Muslim’ as-a state of being.

You can be Muslim and you can lose your Islam. One of the most obvious examples of this without resorting to proof text is that if a Muslim chooses to leave Islam for another religion or no religion at all. This person has gone out of the Milla of Islam.

“Say, My Lord has guided me to a straight path, and to an upright religion, the religion (millata) of Abraham the upright, who was not of those who associate partners with Allah.  Say. Surely my prayer and my sacrifice and my life and my death are (all) for Allah, the Lord of the worlds; No associate has He, and this am I commanded, and I am the first of those who submit (l-muslimina)” (Qur’an 6:161-163)

“And those who disbelieved said to their messengers: We will most certainly drive you forth from our land, or else you shall come back into our religion (millatina). So their Lord revealed to them: Most certainly We will destroy the unjust.” (Qur’an 14:13)

 

Lo! those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never forgive them, nor will He guide them on the way. Give tidings to the hypocrites that for them there is a painful punishment.” (Qur’an 4:137-138)

These verses are very clear that one can leave the Milla of Islam and that one can be upon faith and than kufr and than return to faith and then return back to kufr and than continue on in their kufr.

You want to make sure that when you die you die upon the cycle of iman (belief). Allah (swt) has mentioned several times that we are not to die except in a state of Islam. We should die while upon belief and in a state of surrender, submission, to die as Muslims. Amin for all of us!

“And you do not take revenge on us except because we have believed in the communications of our Lord when they came to us! Our Lord: Pour out upon us patience and cause us to die in submission (muslimina) (Qur’an 7:126)

“And the same did Ibrahim enjoin on his sons and (so did) Yaqoub. O, my sons! surely Allah has chosen for you (this) faith, therefore die not unless you are Muslims (muslimuna). (Qur’an 2:132)

O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah with the care which is due to Him, and do not die unless you are Muslims.” (Qur’an 3:102)

So we are two points to be taken from the above text.

  1. We want to die in a state of surrender in a state of submission. For these commands to be there means it is possible for one not to die in a state of surrender and submission. We seek protection with Allah (swt) from that-for all of us!
  2. We want to die while having belief/ faith in our hearts. We make supplication that this happens for all of us!

Notice that of the three verses quoted above that it admonishes:

“Pour out upon us patience.” – In other words, grant us patience in doing what we need to do. & “be careful of (your duty to) Allah with the care which is due to Him.”

So please understand that the word Muslim means action. It is more an adjective that describes a state of being rather than a noun -regardless of anything one says or does.

Muslims are not like our gender or ethnicity. Being in a state of Islam is not something that stays with us no matter what we do. So it is something we must be careful to guard.

So now we come to another point. In Ahl Haqq Wal Istiqamah or known to you as the Ibadi school we have two types of kafir.

  1. All mushriks (those who associate partners with Allah) are kafir
  2. However, not all kafir are mushriks.

 

An example of the first point. Mushrik is kafirs.

Certainly they are ungrateful (KAFARA) who say: Surely, Allah– He is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say: Who then could control anything as against Allah when He wished to destroy the Messiah son of Mary and his mother and all those on the earth? And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them; He creates what He pleases; and Allah has power over all things,” (Qur’an 5:17)

“Now, surely, sincere obedience is due to Allah (alone) and as for those who take awliyaa besides Him, saying, We do not serve them save that they may make us nearer to Allah, surely Allah will judge between them in that in which they differ; surely Allah does not guide him aright who is a liar, ungrateful(kaffarun) (Qur’an 39:3)

So what or how do we understand the word kufr?

Now our brothers in the ‘Ahl Sunnah Wal Jammah’ want to make the word kafir to relate to things that bring you out of Islam or in relation to rejecting certain articles of their schools of theology. Often in their books and translations of the Qur’an, you will see words like ‘infidel‘ or ‘disbeliever‘, ‘nonbeliever‘, ‘unbeliever‘.

However, we want to look at how Allah (swt) the lord of all the worlds uses the word and its different forms throughout the revelation that He (swt) has given to us.

“Know that this world’s life is a sport and play and gaiety and boasting among yourselves, and a vying in the multiplication of wealth and children, like the rain, whose causing the vegetation to grow, pleases the tillers (al-kuffara), then it withers away so that you will see it become yellow, then it becomes dried up and broken down, and in the hereafter is a severe chastisement and (also) forgiveness from Allah and (His) pleasure, and this world’s life is naught but means of deception.” (Qur’an 57:20)

 

Mash’Allah this verse is very powerful. It also has a double meaning on the word kuffar. You can see that people in this life are all about hedonism and narcissism, boasting, and competition. Yet these people are ungrateful. They are compared to tillers who cover the earth. They are happy with their efforts. Yet, as Allah (swt) mentions that the produce itself becomes nothing. That the life of this world is but means of deception. The produce becomes nothing, we see our youth give way to the challenges of old age. Even the wealth and children disperse. How many families fight over wealth and inheritance? How many children, in turn, are ungrateful to their parents for the sacrifices they made to give them a better lifestyle?

So much can be said about this amazing verse! Subhan’Allah.

“And when your Lord made it known: If you are grateful (shakartum), I would certainly give to you more, and if you are ungrateful (kafartum) ,  then My torment will be severe. (Qur’an 14:7)

So here Allah (swt) contrasted gratefulness with kafar (ungrateful). He also again warned us that his ‘torment will be severe‘ for those who are ungrateful.

“How is it you are ungrateful (takfurūna) to Allah? You had been lifeless, then, He gave you life. again, He will cause you to die. Again, He will give you life. And, again, you are returned to Him.” (Qur’an 2:28)

“So when they ride in the ships they call upon Allah, being sincerely obedient to Him, but when He brings them safely to the land, lo! they associate others (yush’rikūna) with Him; being ungrateful (liyakfuru) for what We gave them. So let them take joy for soon they will know!” (Qur’an 29:65-66)

So with all these verses in mind, it should be known that in the Ibadi school we understand Kufr -as a denial of truth and ingratitude-either by one’s actions or inaction.

So the second type as mentioned above is kufr ni’mah. So this kufr-ni’mah is when any of us as Muslims commit major sins -persist in those sins and do not repent.

So those Muslims are kafir ni’mah. Ungrateful to Allah (swt) for the overwhelming and manifest blessings that He (swt) has given to them. They show this by their actions or inaction.

Our view is that any Muslim who does this and does not repent before death reaches/him or her will be in eternal hellfire.

So to be clear this is our position. In this life, there are three groups.

  1. There are the Mushrik -those who associate partners with Allah (swt).
  2. There are the Mumin (those are the believers)
  3. There are those who are kafir ni’mah (nifaq).

The one in kafir ni’mah he/she shares with the Mushrik in kufr -not of associating partners with Allah(swt) but in covering up the truth and/or being ungrateful to Allah(swt).

The one in kafir ni’mah he/she shares with the Muslims Islam. They are part of the Milla of Islam. 

Some people may be familiar with the term:

Manzilah bain al-manzilatain (The perpetrator of grave sins is neither a complete unbeliever nor a perfect believer; he is placed mid­way between unbelief and faith an intermediate state)

“The difference between us and the Kharijis is that they oppose us only in that they judge of every punishable act of shirk entailing expulsion from the millah.”-Shaykh Ahmed b. Hamad al-Khalili

 

As regards the afterlife we believe there are two types of categories and two abodes and the inhabitants of one do not enter the abode of the other.

The two categories are:

  1. One is a destination for the kufar
  2. One is a destination for the mumin.

The two destinations are:

  1. The paradise and the believers do not come out from it.
  2. The hellfire and no one comes out from it.

 

The following three ahadith are something to ponder. Jabir ibn ‘Abd-Allah reported:  The Prophet, (saw), said, “Verily between a man and shirk and kufr there stands his neglect of the prayer.” 

Source: (Sahih Muslim 82 KItab Al-Eman)

 

It was narrated that Buraydah ibn al-Husayb (r.a) said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah ( saw) ‘The covenant that distinguishes between us and them is the prayer, and whoever neglects it has disbelieved (become a kafir).’” Abdullah bin Buraidah narrated that his father said: “The Messenger of Allah 9saw) said: The covenant that distinguishes between us and them is the prayer; so whoever neglects it, has become a kafir (committed kufr).”   

Source: (Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 1 Book 5 Hadith 1079 English, Book 5 hadith 1132 Arabic) 

The majority sect have their understanding of this and we have our understanding of it, and that is when a person willfully, abandons the prayer he/she/them are kafir ni’mah .

They are in a state of Kufr. We call it, “kufr ni’mah” ungratefulness to Allah (swt), covering or hiding the reality of what Allah (swt) has commanded and prohibited and enjoined upon us.

Muslims who do major sins and persist in this without tauba are in a state of “kufr ni’mah” -they are still part of the Milla of Islam, their children inherit from them. However, if these people die in such a state, without making repentance our position is clear. That person will go to hell fire-where they will neither reprieve nor escape.

And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are ungrateful (kuffarun). For them, We have prepared a painful torment.” (Qur’an 4:18)

This verse is very clear.

  1. Repentance is no use who continue to do evil deeds upon until death faces them (which could be at any moment) mind you.
  2. Those who die while they are in a state of ungratefulness (kuffarun).
  3. A painful punishment is prepared for such.

May Allah (swt) protect you and me and all of us from being in category 1 or 2 above! Amin!

“Surely as for those whom the angels cause to die while they are unjust to their souls, they shall say: In what state were you? They shall say: We were weak in the earth. They shall say: Was not Allah’s earth spacious so that you should have migrated therein? So those it is whose abode is hell, and it is an evil destination.(Qur’an 4:99)

 

The repentance accepted by Allah is only for those who do wrong in ignorance or carelessness and then repent soon after. It is those to whom Allah will turn in forgiveness, and Allah is ever Knowing and Wise..” (Qur’an 4:17)

So notice that it says even for people who do sins out of ignorance or carelessness that they should repent “soon after” How much more for those who do the major evil sins?

Now, this doesn’t mean if you did something out of ignorance or carelessness that you will be punished. Obviously not, as Allah (swt) does not punish until the information is sent and made clear. Allah (swt) is merciful and to punish someone for carelessness or ignorance wouldn’t be very merciful.

What this verse is stating is that when it now becomes clear to you that what you were doing out of ignorance or carelessness is now made clear that you should repent from it immediately.

IF (but) eschew the evilest of the things which you are forbidden to do, We shall expel out of ( SaiyiatikumYOU ALL THE EVIL IN YOU, and admit you to a gate of great honor.” -(Qur’an 4:31)

 

This verse is conditional. If we do our level best to avoid the major sins than Allah (swt) will remove from us the lesser sins. Allah (swt) forgives sins because he is al-ʿAfūw & al-Ghafūr

“It is right to hope that Allah will pardon them. For Allah is The one who Effaces, The Ever Forgiving..” (Qur’an 4:99)

Even with this in mind, we should do our level best to avoid small sins. We should never despair of the Mercy of Allah (swt) nor should we take for granted the Mercy of Allah (swt). That is the point is that by taking for granted the Mercy of Allah (swt) is in and of itself ingratitude.

As regards the majority of Muslims supposedly not praying or keeping their duty to Allah (swt) that is not your problem nor mine. We love them and hope they quickly amend their ways. Our duty is to save ourselves and our family from the fire whose fuel is men and jinn, whose fuel is men and stones.

So what does taubah mean? It means to return or to turn. Return or turn to whom? Why would you need to return or turn if you are already in a state of surrender?

The matter of rather or not hell is eternal.

This is another reason why I feel the Muslim community is in the state that it is in. Think about it. The majority Muslim position is telling everyone that, “Don’t worry Allah will put you in hell for a while, and then you will come out of it.” “Don’t worry you will only be in hell for 257 million years and then you can come out of it!

As if hell was a light matter! Not only that but they teach that hellfire is not eternal for the Muslim who commits major sins and does not repent!

Now let me ask you, dear readers. What actually is a Muslim?

What do you think should be the case for the Muslim who says, “I know killing people is wrong but I’ll do it anyway.” “I know drinking alcohol is forbidden, and extramarital affairs are wrong but I’ll do them anyway

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and give up what remains of interest if you should be believers. And if you do not, then be informed of war against you from Allah and His Messenger. But if you repent, you may have your principal – thus you do no wrong, nor are you wronged.” (Qur’an 2:278-279)

Can you imagine the condition of such a person? A person who says, “I know that usury is forbidden, and I am in a state of war with Allah and His Messenger and I know that it is wrong, but I will do it anyway.” ?!?

So simple lip service and acknowledging that its a sin and yet continuing to revel it in it the hallmark of a Muslim? What is this based on?

Then you have to wonder about the moral decay in the Muslim community. Even though we could die at any moment the personal reasons, “I can do this and Allah (swt) will just forgive me. Worst-case scenario I’ll go to hell for a while be purified and then released into heaven.” Authubillah min dhalik!

But a Muslim who neglect the prayers from simple laziness or no desire, you have to ask yourself what actually is a Muslim?

What is so hard about doing taubah? Look at all the places it is mentioned in the Qur’an.

https://quran.com/search?q=repentance

I mean if you think about the major sins they are not things that are altogether to difficult to avoid.

Like do you personally find it difficult not to kill people?
Do you have some overwhelming desire to worship idols and associate partners with Allah (swt)?
Do you feel it’s absolutely necessary to cheat on your husband/wife when divorce is open to you?
The prayer takes discipline, but at the end of the day, it’s roughly 5 minutes (25 minutes) out of a 24 hour period.

You can perform it sitting down, lying on your side, you can combine prayers when traveling, shorten it during the conflict, and so forth. 

Look at this hadith. On the authority of Anas (r.a), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say: Allah the Almighty said: O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you, O Son of Adam were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the Earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.”

Source: (Hadith Qudsi hadith 34. related by al-Tirmidhi and Ahmad Ibn Hanbal) 

 

“The day when neither wealth nor sons shall profit except for him who comes to Allah with a pure heart.” (Qur’an 26:88-89)

“Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn.’” (Qur’an 83:14)

Can a heart that is filled with ingratitude and hypocrisy be said to be a pure heart?

 

 

Look at what the great Shaykh and teacher of spirituality, Imam Al Ghazali has quoted:

“The Messenger of Allah “Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him,” said: “There are four kinds of hearts: a heart which is stripped clean in which a lamp shines and this is the believer’s heart; a heart which is black and upside down, and it is the unbeliever’s heart; a hardened heart bound n its sheath of evil, and it is the heart of the hypocrite; and a broad heart in which there is both belief and hypocrisy. Its belief is like green herbage which pure water causes to abound, and its hypocrisy is like an ulcer which purulent matter and pus cause to spread. This heart is judged to belong to whichever of the two prevails over the other.” This heart is judged to belong to whichever of the two prevails over the other.”

Source: (Revival of Religion’s Sciences (Ihya Ulum ad-din) Volume 3 page 21)


Indeed, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire – and never will you find for them a helper
– Except for those who repent, correct themselves, hold fast to Allah, and are sincere in their religion for Allah, for those will be with the believers. And Allah is going to give the believers a great reward. Why should Allah punish you if you are grateful and believe? And ever is Allah Appreciative and Knowing.” (Qur’an 4:145-147)

 

“Allah does not charge a soul except with that within its capacity. It will have the consequence of what good it has gained, and it will bear the consequence of what evil it has earned. “Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us, and forgive us, and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the ungrateful (l-kafirina) people.” (Qur’an 2:286)

O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah with the care which is due to Him, and do not die unless you are Muslims.” (Qur’an 3:102)

Oh Muslims die in a state of surrender to Allah (swt) and not in a state of rebellion to Allah (swt) 

One final note. Anyone who dies will in a state of kufr ni’amah will go to hell. Hell is not for the mumin.  So how to avoid this fate? Avoid major sins. If you find that you fall short, repent immediately! Return to Allah (swt). 

Allah is our success! 

You may also be interested in the following articles: https://primaquran.com/2020/08/03/suicide-homicide-bombing-ibadi-view-and-sunni-ashari-view/

As well as https://primaquran.com/2020/08/04/the-blessed-prophet-muhammed-did-not-perform-funeral-prayers-for-muslims-who-killed-themselves/

 

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Suicide and Suicide (Homicide) Bombing: Ibadi view and the Sunni Ash’ari view.

“Believers! Do not devour one another’s possessions wrongfully; rather than that, let there be trading by mutual consent. You should not kill yourselves. Surely Allah is ever Compassionate to you. And whoever does this by way of transgression and injustice him shall We surely cast into the Fire; that indeed is quite easy for Allah.” (Qur’an 4:29-30)

And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden to be killed except by legal right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason.” (Qur’an 6:151)

Allah does not burden a soul except what it can bear”. (Qur’an 2:286)

“For indeed, with hardship will be ease. Indeed, with hardship will be ease.”(Qur’an 94:5-6)

“And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.” Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell rendered contemptible.” (Qur’an 40:60)

You also have these two ahadith which are attributed to the Blessed Messenger (saw) in the  Al Bukhari.

Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever purposely throws himself from a mountain and kills himself, will be in the Fire falling down into it and abiding therein perpetually forever; and whoever drinks poison and kills himself with it, he will be carrying his poison in his hand and drinking it in the Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever; and whoever kills himself with an iron weapon, will be carrying that weapon in his hand and stabbing his abdomen with it in the Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever.”  Source: (Al-Bukhari – Book 71 Hadith 670)

Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “He who commits suicide by throttling shall keep on throttling himself in the Hell-Fire and he who commits suicide by stabbing himself shall keep on stabbing himself in the Hell-Fire.” Source: (Al-Bukhari – Book 23 Hadith 446)

From the two ahadith above we learn a few things:

  1. Suicide must be worse than shirk according to the Ash’ari because there is no chance for repentance for it.

  2. Proof that the punishment of hellfire or for the sin of suicide is forever,

  3. Proof that the punishment of hellfire forever is for ‘whoever‘- Muslim or not.

Those from the Ash’ari who now come and say that ‘whoever’ doesn’t refer to Muslims will come across as desperate. It would be like arguing that the second hadith is a reference only to men and not women as it says, He who commits suicide’. Such argumentation comes across as a hopeless attempt to defend one’s crumbling theology over lucid text.

Who can condemn suicide (homicide) bombing with more force and theological conviction? You be the judge!

Objectively which group is going to be stronger against suicide (homocide) bombing and terrorism?

Who is going to have a greater impact on young impressionable minds?

The group (the Ibadi) says, “If you commit suicide (homocide) bombing if you kill these innocent men and women, you are going to hell, wherein you will not escape and there will be no reprieve for you!”

Or the group (the Ash’ari) says, “If you commit suicide (homocide) bombing if you kill these innocent men and women we condemn you, but you will still go to heaven because you said the Shahadah and the Prophet will intercede on your behalf.”

Think about it. Someone who wants to commit suicide(homocide) bombing has already written this world off anyway, then the Ash’ari promise them paradise?!

It is music to their ears!

All the fatwa in the world from Shaykh Bin Bayyah, Shaykh Muhammed Al Yaqoubi, or even the 512-page magnum opus written by Tahir Ul Qadri is not going to be enough to dissuade such people with the theological convictions that are held.

One is a very strong condemnation to eternal hellfire and the other a slap on the wrist and a public relations apology on behalf of the community.

This is not rocket science.  Which by the way I would highly encourage you to read this article: https://www.newsweek.com/2017/02/17/oman-sultan-qaboos-terrorism-isis-al-qaeda-548682.html

I also write from the perspective of someone who has lost two people two suicide. One of them was actually my best friend in high school. I cannot even begin to tell you the anguish I feel in my heart and in my soul over his loss. I love him and I’ll always love him. I was in another state when I got a call from a family member that mentioned that he had hung himself in his garage.

So anyone who doesn’t think I have a personal stake invested in this position is sadly mistaken. You couldn’t be more wrong.

So I was thinking to be fair to the Ash’ari I was going to say that they would be more theologically equipped to give comfort to someone’s family in such a position. However, even then that would depend.

  1. If the clear message of Islam hasn’t reached the person perhaps they would be spared punishment altogether (Allah knows best)

  2. However, if the person committed suicide as a Muslim the best they can possibly offer is their theological position that the person will be repeating the same suicidal act (for an unspecified amount of time), in hellfire than finally released into paradise.

Yet, as we have seen from the Qur’an and from the two ahadith cited above there is no scope for them to argue point 2.

All they can do is ignore the lucid text and resort to 30-page write-ups on the ‘should have‘ , ‘could have‘ and ‘would have‘ been scenarios.

Shirk is the greatest sin one can do -that they can still repent from. Just like any other sin. Because to despair of the mercy of Allah (swt) is also a sin.

“O my sons, go and inquire about Yusuf and his brother, and do not despair of relief from Allah; surely none despairs of relief from Allah except the ungrateful (kafiruna) people.” (Qur’an 12:87)

However, someone who has committed suicide even if they did small sins, they themselves have closed the doors to mercy and repentance. The act of committing suicide is a great sin as they have despaired of relief from Allah (swt).

So, no suicide is not a greater sin than shirk, but it is a sin in which the person has closed the doors for repentance on themselves.

Believers! Do not devour one another’s possessions wrongfully; rather than that, let there be trading by mutual consent. You should not kill yourselves. Surely Allah is ever Compassionate to you. And whoever does this by way of transgression and injustice him shall We surely cast into the Fire; that indeed is quite easy for Allah. (Qur’an 4:29-30)

Comment: Again no one has desperately argued that the ‘whoever‘ above is a reference only to Non-Muslims.

“These are the Signs of Allah. We rehearse them to thee in Truth: And Allah means no injustice to any of His creatures.” (Qur’an 3:108)

So again we need to ask the Ash’ari.

  1. Where is there any verse in the Qur’an that says a believer will enter the hellfire? A single one will suffice.

  2. Where is there any verse in the Qur’an that says sinners will come out of the hellfire? A single one will suffice.

  3. Where is there any verse that says the unrepentant sinners will enter the paradise? A single one will suffice.

In closing, I wanted to say that Alhamdulillah that studies have shown that Muslim majority nations have the lowest suicide rates of all nations. Other studies have shown that we even have the lowest suicide rates compared to other religious communities.

It should also be noted that in the Ibadi school we need the specifics and details as much as possible of the condition under which a person committed suicide. If this person was mentally unstable they are not held accountable. Alas, the hukm (judgment) belongs to Allah (swt). We can only make judgement upon the dhahir (the apparent). Whereas Allah (swt) makes the full judgement based upon the apparent and the hidden. 

Suicide goes against the fitra of all living things. There is not besides human beings a single living thing on this planet that sees itself as disconnected from everything else killing itself out of despair. That is something to contemplate.

Yet we all need to do more collectively to end the stigma against mental health. May we rue the day when Muslim majority nations are filled with nursing homes -understood if a person is beyond family care-but shameful if it is a means to dump off one’s parents. Old people get lonely, lonely people are lonely. People need to know that there is hope in any given situation. People need help to relieve financial burdens and stress.

“And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.” Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell rendered contemptible.” (Qur’an 40:60)

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Apologies to fellow Muslims and truth seekers over translation of Qur’an 4:31

 

Our Lord, do not take us to task in case we forget or we make mistakes.” (Qur’an 2:286)

APOLOGY TO FELLOW MUSLIMS AND TRUTH SEEKERS.

May Allah (swt) forgive me. I used to rely upon a particular translation of the Qur’an 4:31 until upon closer examination I realized the game that was being played upon the unaware.

I’m thankful to Shaykh Hafiz  Hamed Al Sawafi for pointing this out to me!

Most people are usually familiar with this translation:

“If you avoid major sins that you are prohibited, We will absolve YOU YOUR MINOR SINS and cause you to enter a generous gate.” (Qur’an 4:31)

Any translation that comes remotely close to that is a FLAT LIE.

Take a look at the different translations into English here:

https://www.islamawakened.com/quran/4/31/

They are either translating this according to their i’tiqad or without giving much thought about it -according to the i’tiqad of others.

The most correct translation is: the one from Yusuf Ali (1985) which states:

“IF (but) eschew the evilest of the things which you are forbidden to do, We shall expel out of ( Saiyiatikum) YOU ALL THE EVIL IN YOU, and admit you to a gate of great honor.” -(Qur’an 4:31)

May Allah (swt) forgive me for being a useful tool in the hands of those who mislead the people.

They translate the way that they do because of their theology that the small sins get wiped out and the big sins get purified in the hell-which one latter is released from.

Imposing their theological suppositions upon the Qur’an Al-Kareem!

As one Muslim brother pointed out:

” “Saiyiatikum” is “all evil in you”.

To interpret it as “minor sins” or the likes is but an interpretation.

The literal meaning takes precedence over an interpretation unless there’s hujjah to support the interpretation.

Insh’Allah in time I will begin to replace the translation with the appropriate translation free from i’tiqad  -may Allah (swt) help me.

Kindly take note. My humble and sincere apologies.

I bear witness that there is only one God, Allah (swt), and that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah.

“And protect them from the evil consequences [of their deeds]. And he whom You protect from evil consequences that Day – You will have given him mercy. And that is the great attainment.” (Qur’an 40:9)

 

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