Shaykh Muhammad bin Yahya al-Husayni al-Ninowy: “Hadith on 73 sects is fabricated.”

Then we will pick out from each group (sheeAAatin ) the most ardent opponent of the Most Gracious. (Qur’an 19:69)

 

 

  • NOTE The title of the video says: “Ninowy’s corrupt view on Hadith of 73 sects”. 

Which obviously this was uploaded by someone who wanted to expose the blessed Shaykh.  However, as we have seen in previous entries as well as this one it is not a corrupted view at all. It’s simply the truth.

“We talk about one body but we want to split the Ummah into million different parties and million different Jamaahs, and every Jamaah says I am the right Jamaah and everybody else, NOW THERE IS THAT WEAK HADITH OR FABRICATED HADITH EVEN! That says 73 sects and we mentioned something about that even and everybody says I AM THE 7OTH (73RD) AND EVERYONE ELSE TO JAHANNAM!”-Shaykh Ninowy

“AND THE HADITH ANYWAY IS WEAK AND NOT EVEN THAT MANY SCHOLARS SAY IT IS FABRICATED,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, this is the best ummah that came to mankind.”- Shaykh Ninowy

“,,, everybody writes about SECTS, SAYS 73 everybody (is going) in JAHANNAM and I am going to Janah, and they have the keys to Jannah, they have the keys to Jannah, they the last one to go to Jannah they going to lock it up, so nobody goes in,,,,, this radical thinking, and everyone claims that Haq is in his own pocket Haq is (in) my own bag and everyone else hasn’t got any of it (Haq).”-Shaykh Ninowy.

 


 

During a recent Friday Khutbah by Sayyadi Shaykh Dr. Muhammad bin Yahya al-Husayni an-Ninowy he said:

“Our religion is a religion of LOVE in the first place. No love= No Deen, as simple as that. Being a good Muslim doesn’t depend on the knowledge you amass-as much-, race, color, culture, “holy” clothing you wear, or political views.”

“It depends on how you treat other than you; The Creator and the creation. If you don’t love for other human beings (regardless of creed and background) what you love for yourself, then there is an essential problem in your very Iman.”

“The merchants of hate and violence, even when they portray themselves as the “official and exclusive” spokespeople of Islam, can dish out poison, not Deen. Islam is not a Deen of hate but of Love, mercy, and unconditional compassion. Rest, assured’ Allah Ta’ala is much more passionate, forgiving & merciful than all the “experts” in or “scholars” of the Deen (religion) put together.”

“Religion is much easier and simpler than the strict rituals of the “religious”. The “official” spokesmen of the Deen are plenty!! Making you feel as if Malik (Hellfire gatekeeper) is their employee & Ridwan (Jannah gatekeeper) is them in person. Those who call you to hate or violence are callers of Satan and to him.”

“The term “Ulama-u-Su” or (Errant Scholars) is a term usually used to describe scholars keen to please powerful governments/regimes and give them what they’d like to hear on the account of principles of Haqq, but equally so includes scholars/preachers keen to please the masses, cater to them, mobilize and ride on the wave of their innocent Deeni emotions on account of principles of Haqq. I call you to search for the truths and question truths offered to you, for no truth can contradict the Wahi (Qur’an and authentic Sunnah).”

“I call you to Love; for love heals. Treat yourself and others with knowledge, humility, and love. But Love itself is also a form of Rizq(sustenance from heavens/provisions granted by Allah). Don’t you see the Prophet (saw) saying about Sayyidatuna Khadija al-Kubra: “I was granted the Rizq of her love”.  So seek love just like you seek other forms of Rizq.”

“The enemy of Islam is: ignorance and the culture and cults of hate, The Saved Sect (al-Firqah al-Najiyah) Hadith-which is less than Sahih in my view does not in any way give any one group/cult the exclusive keys to Jannah, Qur’an, and authentic Sunnah do. The Saved Sect (al -Firqah al-Najiyah) is not the one seeking to lock up all other sects in hellfire, but the one struggling to save them and all others.”

“In summary, The Beloved sent the beloved out of love to teach love with love for the sake of love. And love does not have limits, for true love collapses all limits, not establishes them.”

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Does the Qur’an instruct us to disregard all hadith ?

“But there are, among men, those who purchase lahwa alhadith (vain hadith), without knowledge (or meaning), to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah and throw ridicule (on the Path): for such there will be a Humiliating Penalty.” (Qur’an 31:6)

To say that the Qur’an instructs Muslims to reject all the hadith would be to reject the Qur’an itself!

How could I make such a claim?  Because Allah (swt) calls the Qur’an, “hadith” within the Qur’an itself!

For example:

Then leave Me alone with such as reject this (hadith) alhadith by degrees shall We punish them from directions they perceive not. (Qur’an 68:44)

So we can see from the beginning that that Allah (swt) saw fit to refer to the revelation itself as hadith.

Also, the Qur’an makes a distinction between hadith in chapter 31 verse 6 as follows:

“But there are, among men, those who purchase lahwa alhadith (vain hadith), without knowledge (or meaning), to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah and throw ridicule (on the Path): for such there will be a Humiliating Penalty.” (Qur’an 31:6)

Here the Qur’an is warning us against lahwa alhadith (vain hadith).  If  Allah (swt) so wished he could have simply used the word ‘hadith’.

If there are  ‘lahwa alhadith’  -vain hadith than it stands to reason there are hadith that are not vain, fruitless, or futile.

The Qur’an is a book in which nothing has been left out.

“We have not neglected anything in the Book, then to their Lord shall they be gathered.” (Qur’an 6:38)

It would have been sufficient to say do not believe in any hadith other than this hadith – the Qur’an.   However, we do not find such a verse in the entirety of the  Qur’an!

For example, I could say to you, “You may eat all the apples in the basket.”  I can also say, “You may eat all the apples in the basket that are good.”

The first sentence indicates that it is permissible to eat every apple contained in the basket.  The second sentence indicates that some apples in the basket may not be good, so use discretion.

So most unfortunately, religion has come along to challenge Islam. This religion is known as  ‘Quraniyoon‘  are actually ascribing deficiency to Allah (swt).  May Allah (swt) forgive us!


There are some examples in the Qur’an that refer to hadith outside of the Qur’an.

What would be the point of referencing hadith outside of the Qur’an if all hadith were useless; and utterly futile?  Why reference hadith if they did not contain some newsworthy information?

Example 1)

“Has the hadith reached you, of the honored guests of Abraham?” (Qur’an 51:24)

If one continues to read through the verses they will see that this is obviously a recounting of the events that are contained within Genesis chapter 18:1-15 of the Bible.

Example 2)

“Has the hadith of Moses reached you?” (Qur’an 20:9)

If one continues to read through the verses they will see this is obviously a recounting of the events that are contained within Exodus chapter 3:1-5 of the Bible.

Allah (swt) never says that all hadith are baseless or lies.

Allah (swt) simply informs us that it is Allah (swt) that is the best to relate hadith. We find that in the following verse of the Qur’an.

“Allah! There is no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together against the Day of Judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose hadith can be truer than Allah’s?” (Qur’an 4:87)

Who would argue against this point?    Human beings can deliver mercy and compassion, but who can be more merciful and compassionate than the one who is The Most Merciful & The Most Compassionate?

Thus hadith can be true but Allah’s hadith is the truest; for who can be truer than Allah?

ALLAH CONFIRMS HADITH OF PROPHET MUHAMMED OUTSIDE OF THE QUR’AN?  YES!

“When the Prophet disclosed a hadith in confidence to one of his consorts, and she then divulged it (to another), and Allah made it known to him, he confirmed part thereof and repudiated a part. Then when he told her thereof, she said, “Who told you this? “He said, “He told me Who knows and is well-acquainted (with all things).” (Qur’an 66:3)

It would be very difficult to imagine a Messenger of Allah (swt)  confirming part of a hadith (The Qur’an) and repudiating part of a hadith (The Qur’an)if the word hadith was used exclusively of the Qur’an.  This is the death blow to the position of which ‘Qur’an only Muslims‘ are unable to escape.

It would also be hard to imagine that if all hadith outside of the Qur’an were absolutely false how could the Blessed Messenger (saw) confirm part of a hadith that was false in the presence of his Lord?

For example, there are ahadith in the collection called Bukhari that relate to this particular incident.    You can read more about the above verse and the events surrounding it here:

http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1305&Itemid=122

I have no reason to discount this hadith of giving an accurate portrait of the events that happened.   In fact, it is in the context of this entire event that the Allah (swt) reprimands the Blessed Messenger (saw) for his error as well.

“O Prophet! Why do you hold to be forbidden that which Allah has made lawful to you? You seek to please your wives. But Allah is Often-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 66: 1)

This hadith in Bukhari and other sources also recounts what is known in historical circles as ‘the principle of embarrassment’.

You can read more about that here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criterion_of_embarrassment

Hadith can refer to inspiration or dreams that Allah (swt) gives people in their sleep.

“Thus will your Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of hadith and perfect His favor to you and to the posterity of Jacob – even as He perfected it to your fathers Abraham and Isaac before! for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.” (Qur’an 12:6)

“The man in Egypt who bought him, said to his wife: “Make his stay (among us) honourable: maybe he will bring us much good, or we shall adopt him as a son.” Thus did We establish Joseph in the land, that We might teach him the interpretation hadith. And Allah has full power and control over His affairs, but most among mankind know it not.”  (Qur’an 12:21)

“Twice we can see that Allah (swt) mentions that he will teach Joseph the interpretation of hadith.  In both instances, it is a reference to dreams.

“Behold! Joseph said to his father: “O my father! I did see (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon: I saw them prostrate themselves to me!” (Qur’an 12:4)

Now with him, there came into the prison, two young men. Said one of them: “I see myself (in a dream) pressing wine.” said the other: “I see myself (in a dream) carrying bread on my head, and birds are eating, thereof.” “Tell us” (they said) “The truth and meaning thereof: for we see you are one that does good (to all).”He said: “Before any food comes (in due course) to feed either of you, I will surely reveal to you the truth and meaning of this before it befalls you: that is part of the (duty) which my Lord have taught me. I have (I assure you) abandoned the ways of a people that believe not in Allah and that (even) deny the Hereafter.” (Qur’an 12:36-27)

“So the king said: Surely I see seven fat cattle which seven lean ones devoured; and seven green ears and (seven) others dry: O chiefs! explain to me my dream, if you can interpret the dream.” (Qur’an 12:43)

“O, Joseph!” (he said) “O man of truth! Expound to us (the dream) of seven fat cattle whom seven lean ones devour, and of seven green ears of corn and (seven) others withered: that I may return to the people and that they may understand.” (Qur’an 12:46)

This is obviously a recounting of the events that are contained within Exodus chapter 41:1-36 of the Bible.

As Muslims, if we are to believe that the dreams we receive from Allah (swt) are all revelations than we are going to have to radically change our concepts of revelation.

I could elaborate more on this but I believe what is provided is sufficient to prove the following.

1) The Qur’an does not tell Muslims to reject all hadith,

2) The Qur’an does not tell Muslims to accept all the hadith.

3) The Qur’an makes it clear that hadith does not necessarily refer to divine revelation itself.

4) The Qur’an makes it clear that no hadith could be truer than the hadith of Allah (swt).

“Allah! There is no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together against the Day of Judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose hadith can be truer than Allah’s?” (Qur’an 4:87)

This statement lets us know that even if hadith reach a state of mutawattir (mass transmitted) they still cannot clash with the clear teachings of the Qur’an. 

Remember that this blog is called PRIMA QURAN

So what is Prima-Qur’an?

Prima is from the Latin word which simply means ‘First’ or ‘foremost’.

Prima Qur’an is about using the Qur’an,  primarily for guidance in matters of theology, jurisprudence, and spirituality.

Prima-Qur’an rejects any source that clashes with the teachings of the Qur’an..  It is about Muslims going back to the Qur’an first. It is about Muslims looking to the Holy Qur’an first and foremost for guidance and healing.

The position of Prima-Qur’an is distinct from the religion of the Quraniyoon religion.

Quraniyoon is a religion that broke away from the religion of Islam. If the truth be told in reality they reject the Qur’an as well.

I have yet to encounter any person from the Quraniyoon that can give us one text anywhere from the Qur’an where it tells us to disregard all the hadith.

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Does the Holy Qur’an instruct us to beat women?

And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. Undoubtedly in these are signs for those who reflect.” (Qur’an 30:21)

“And do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. And a believing slave woman is better than a polytheist, even though she might please you. And do not marry polytheistic men to your women until they believe. And a believing slave is better than a polytheist, even though he might please you. Those invite you to the Fire, but Allah invites to Paradise and to forgiveness, by His permission. And He makes clear His verses to the people that perhaps they may remember.” (Qur’an 2:221)

 

So let us get straight to the question: Does the Qur’an allow women to be beaten?

The answer to that is within the context of sexual immorality it absolutely allows both men and women to be beaten/lashed and to allow a party of the believers to witness this.

This is our way and our revelation and we should not let the disbelievers in any way shape or form dissuade us from that which we are upon.

The proof is in the following text:

The woman or man found guilty of sexual immorality-lash each one of them with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in the religion of Allah if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.” (Qur’an 24:2)

So yes in the context of sexual immorality women can be beaten/lashed.

We are unapologetic about it. It is our way it is what is given to us by Allah (swt).

 

What about in a marriage?  Does the Qur’an instruct us to beat women? 

Before I begin this part  I want to stress that I do not believe in forced marriages.  Even when Imam asks the woman if she consents and she does so under pressure from her parents, society, or culture it is wrong.   More must be done to educate Muslim society about the harms of doing so.

I also believe that it is important for the man and women who decide to marry each other to know as much as they can about their future partner.  Every man or woman can only be judged by the outward character or outward appearance.

From my personal experiences, I feel we do not really know anyone until we have seen them under pressure, duress, during the crisis, under strain, or when the ‘chips are down‘ -so to speak.

It is also important to understand that none of us really know the complete physiological history and makeup of any individual that we meet unless he/she divulges that history to us.

The importance of what I have stated in the last few paragraphs cannot be emphasized enough.

So now let us deal with the idea of domestic violence or the idea that the Qur’an instructs men to beat their wives.

So let us look at the verses under discussion:

“Men are the protectors of women by right of what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend in maintenance from their wealth, Thus accordingly the righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in their husband’s absence what Allah would have them, guard. But those from whom you fear nushuz (sexual immorality), first advise them; then if they persist, forsake them in bed, and finally strike them. But if they obey you, seek not means of annoyance against them. Indeed, Allah is Most High, Most Great. And if you fear dissension between the two, send an arbitrator from his people and an arbitrator from her people. If they both desire reconciliation, Allah will cause it between them. Indeed, Allah is Ever Knowing, and Acquainted with all things.” (Qur’an 4:34-35)

It is my understanding that this verse is not at all addressing all men.

  1. It is, first of all, addressing those free men who are the protectors of women, provide for them either shelter or maintenance, etc.
  2. It is not addressing those slave men who would not be the protectors of women, providing for them either shelter or maintenance, etc.

These verses  in 4:34-35 above are not addressing the following type of man:

“And do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. And a believing slave woman is better than a polytheist, even though she might please you. And do not marry polytheistic men to your women until they believe. And a believing slave is better than a polytheist, even though he might please you. Those invite you to the Fire, but Allah invites to Paradise and to forgiveness, by His permission. And He makes clear His verses to the people that perhaps they may remember.” (Qur’an 2:221)

Due to his social status, a slave man would not be a protector and maintainer of a woman. He also would not be in any position to admonish his wife (a free woman) or refuse to share his bed (presumably her bed) and or dare to think to strike her.

I also believe based upon this text that any man who is not meeting his primary duties and requirements as a husband has forfeited his right to pursue the steps mentioned in the above verses. (Qur’an 4:34-35)

Also, understand that for those men that this verse and its various steps it is in relation to nushuz -sexual immorality.

Similarly, the Qur’an addresses women in regards to men who commit nushuz.

“And if a woman fears from her husband ‘nushuz’- sexual immorality or ‘i’radan’- (abandonment) either to physically desert her or to treat her like a nonpresence while together, there is no sin upon them if they make terms of the settlement between themand settlement is best. And present in souls is stinginess. But if you do good and fear Allah – then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.” (Qur’an 4:128)

Notice it doesn’t tell the women to do any of the following:

A) admonish the husband

B) refuse to share the beds with them

C) beat them /hit them/strike them/ tap them

It is my understanding that if the woman is the maintainer and provider in this regard than the inverse of Qur’an 4:34-35 applies.

It also could be the reason the Qur’an does not detail these steps  (as in the case with the slave-man) is that women were often not in a social/economic advantage over a man.  So it may be possible that some of the steps advised to the man may not be helpful to the woman.

Dealing with nushuz- sexual infidelity privately /discreetly or making the matter known. 

So I believe that the Qur’an gives marital couples two methods of dealing with marital infidelity.

What the Qur’an does in verses 4:34-35 and 4:128 is as follows:

It is for those couples who want to try and settle the issue of sexual immorality committed by the husband/wife discreetly -with little fanfare.

Also addressed in the case of the husband is his abandonment of the wife.

What the Qur’an 24:4-9 does is those couples who want to go public with the issue of marital infidelity on behalf of the partner.  It is in this arena in which very severe consequences could await either of the partners.

We will return to the mater of settling marital infidelity discreetly shortly

However, let us first look at the severity of the matter if either party were to go public.

“The woman or man found guilty of sexual immorality -lash each of them with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in the religion of Allah, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment. (Qur’an 24:2)

“And those who accuse chaste women and then do not produce four witnesses – lash them with eighty lashes and do not accept from them testimony ever after. And those are defiantly disobedient, Except for those who repent thereafter and reform, for indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. And those who accuse their wives sexual immorality and have no witnesses except themselves – then the witness of one of them shall be four testimonies swearing by Allah that indeed, he is of the truthful. And the fifth oath will be that the curse of Allah be upon him if he should be among the liars. But it will prevent punishment from her if she gives four testimonies swearing by Allah that indeed, he is of the liars. And the fifth oath will be that the wrath of Allah be upon her if he was of the truthful.” (Qur’an 24:4-9)

So this is a scenario laid out for those husbands/wives accusing each other of sexual immorality and they decide to go public with it.

  1. The man will need to produce four witnesses or be beaten/lashed with 80 lashes and his testimony may never be accepted again.
  2. The man has not four witnesses but swears an oath by Allah four times and the fifth is he invokes the curse of Allah upon himself if he is lying.

Just pause for a moment and think of the gravity of what that would entail. To solemnly wish for the curse of Allah (swt) upon oneself.  A gravity beyond imagination.

3. If the woman is willing to match her husband with the solemn oath and that the fifth is that she invokes the curse of Allah upon herself (a grave matter with everlasting consequence) than her testimony will invalidate that of her husband.

The matter will be up to them if they choose to reconcile after this embarrassing ordeal. If they choose reconciliation may Allah (swt) will put mercy and love between them.

Now, what happens if the couple wants to deal with marital infidelity discreetly?

“Men are the protectors of women by right of what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend in maintenance from their wealth, Thus accordingly the righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in their husband’s absence what Allah would have them, guard. But those from whom you fear nushuz (sexual immorality), first advise them; then if they persist, forsake them in bed, and finally strike them. But if they obey you, seek not means of annoyance against them. Indeed, Allah is Most High, Most Great. And if you fear dissension between the two, send an arbitrator from his people and an arbitrator from her people. If they both desire reconciliation, Allah will cause it between them. Indeed, Allah is Ever Knowing, and Acquainted with all things.” (Qur’an 4:34-35)

Now to me, it is rather obvious that the text is even addressing repeat offenses of sexual immorality, indecency.  In other words, the issue of nushaz -sexual immorality with the wife is a reoccurring affair.

So several things are advised.

  1. Verbal Communication: Very Strong admonishing. Be very stern with your words and your feelings about what transpired.

Notice it doesn’t tell you a number or a limit in the number of times you should try this measure.

2. Non-Verbal Communication: Another psychological tool is employed. To not share intimacy with them, to not show them affection. Let it be known through this lack of personal touch that you are absolutely enraged over this.

Notice it doesn’t tell you a number or a limit in the number of times or duration that this should be tried.

3. Non-Verbal Physical Communication: ‘Strike them‘.

Now before I go into my understanding of  “wa-id’ribuhunna” I want to say unequivocally that I do understand that the man is being given permission to strike his wife.

To me it doesn’t mean the following:

“to go on strike”
“to initiate the divorce”
“something metaphorical”

However, “wa-id’ibuhunna” does not mean nor can it mean to ball up the fist and punch someone. It would be a really desperate person with extremely poor exegesis that would try and make that case.

I think at this point a husband who has caught his wife in an act of marital infidelity even after deciding to remain married to her (which he is not obliged to do), after admonishing her, catching her doing it again (showing his disdain by showing lack of empathy) and then finally catching her doing it again.  I think even before these steps are advised the very least that a dignified man whose heart is filled with hurt, pain, and outrage would do in this situation is to strike his wife.

I would also understand it as ‘to slap his wife‘.

Now again if a person cannot understand the context and the scenario that is being mentioned here that is a problem with them.  A dignified and honorable man who is working providing for his wife, taking care of her needs only to have the indignity visited upon him that his wife committed sexual immorality, not once, not twice but three times now.  Anyone who has any concept of justice (even that woman’s own mother) would slap her.

You the hypocrisy and irony of all of this?   I am from the United States and in my culture if this situation was reversed and a woman was working two to three different jobs, putting food on the table, paying the bills, raising the kids, dressing them and preparing them for school, and the man was receiving all these benefits from this woman and he turned around and cheated on his wife and she found out, the very least he could expect is a slap across the face at the least.

Now I have no issue with the “wa-id’ribuhunna” being understood as to strike or to slap.  However, there are other English translations and anyone who has an understanding of language knows full well that some words carry stronger meaning than others.

I understand strike to mean: hit forcibly and deliberately with one’s hand not being balled up.

I understand beat to mean: hit (a person or an animal) repeatedly and violently so as to hurt or injure them-with one’s hand being balled up.

I understand hit to mean: bring one’s hand into contact with (someone or something) quickly and forcefully.

I understand tap to mean: to hit something gently

You may look at all the different verb forms of dad ra ba here:

http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=Drb#(4:34:29)

You can see an instance of the word here:

“We said, “And take in your hand a bunch of weeds and strike (fa-iḍ’rib) with it and do not break your oath.” Indeed, We found him patient, an excellent servant. Indeed, he was repeatedly turning back to Allah.” (Qur’an 38:44)

When Muslims do not have water to make ablutions for prayer we are allowed to use dry earth. Now I would encourage you to watch @ 3:53 minutes into the video.

The narrator says: He should ‘strike’ the soil or dust with his hands once.

This word in Arabic is daraba to strike, so it can mean to strike (daraba) as you see in the manner that the man is doing below.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Mu-pozlhYw

However, many people who have axes to grind with Islam and Muslims favor the word beat because they need to paint the worst possible image of Islam and its teachings.

That being said if a woman doesn’t want slapped /strikes than it is very simple.  Do not commit acts of sexual immorality while being a married woman again and again and again.  If you can’t stand the man you are married to divorce him!

It reminds me of people who said to me, “Are you going to the Middle East? You realize if you steal they will cut off your hands! If you sell drugs they will kill you! If you rape someone they will kill you.”    I really couldn’t believe this guy was saying these things to me.

So I replied to him:  “Well, I guess if I don’t steal, sell drugs or rape anyone than I shouldn’t have any problems right?”

A man or a woman who are in an unhappy marital union can leave it any time they wish. May Allah (swt) find for them both partners who are more suitable to them than the previous ones.

Final Thoughts: 

As mentioned prior it is important for both men and women to understand and know as much as they can about someone they decide to choose as a marital partner.  The idea being that marriage is a life long commitment through all types of challenges.

The ideal of a healthy relationship is laid out in the Qur’an: 

And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. Undoubtedly in these are signs for those who reflect.” (Qur’an 30:21)

In fact, men are to hold their wives in such esteem and respect that even to divorce them by idioms is seen as uncouth.

“Those who pronounce thihar (saying you are to me like the back of my mother) among you to separate from their wives-they are not their mothers. Their mothers are none but those who gave birth to them. And indeed, they are saying a dishonorable statement and a flat lie. But indeed, Allah is Pardoning and Forgiving. And he who does not find a slave to set free-then a fast of two months consecutively before they touch one another; and he who is unable -then the feeding of sixty poor persons. That is for you to believe in Allah and His Messenger, and those are the limits set by Allah. And for the disbelievers is a painful punishment.” (Qur’an 58:2-4)

So we can see that even using such idioms and cruel words towards one’s wife carries a heavy expiation in Islam.   One needs to free a slave or fast for 2 months back-to-back, or at the very least to feed 60 indigent people!!

We have also seen where a man brings false testimony of marital infidelity towards his wife he will either be beaten/lashed 80 times!!

Likewise, a husband who does have to resort to striking/slapping his wife should she repeat such offensive behavior should at that juncture possibly consider divorcing his wife.

It is possible that this man has married a woman who has deep psychological issues.

She could possibly be a relationship masochist.

For example, Dr. Karen Ruskin author of 10 Seconds to Mental Health says,

A relationship masochist will deliberately provoke and solicit rejecting responses from their partner to feel hurt, humiliated, and defeated,” says marriage and family therapist Dr. Karen Ruskin.

Likewise Tabitha McGurr in the article:  “The Harsh Truth Why Women Go Back to Men Who Abused Them”

She Says in the following section:

SHE GETS OFF ON THE PAIN

“There’s a huge difference between a chick who likes it rough in the sack and one who actually enjoys physical and sexual abuse. Some women choose to transcend the rough play boundary and head towards full-on violence. Every girl likes her ass spanked and hair yanked every now and then, but I’ve heard of extreme cases involving bruising, lashing, cutting, burning, vomiting, and pretty much any other atrocity you can imagine. If it’s consensual and you’re into that, then go for it, but don’t think getting off on abusive practices doesn’t have its pitfalls. Some people just take sex too far. David Carradine accidentally killed himself because of a fetish. Feel free to have sex however you want, but if it’s your choice to stay with someone who berates you just because the sex is good, therapy and major life reassessments are certainly in order.”

Source: (https://www.complex.com/pop-culture/2012/02/the-harsh-truth-why-women-go-back-to-men-who-abused-them)

So even after a husband has slapped his wife, and continues to exert patience and this woman is doing such things (maybe even to elicit this reaction) you may need to assess if this woman/wife/partner is having a psychotic break or if she has some deep-seated issues that need counseling.

Likewise, it is our responsibility as Muslims, especially those with platforms and voices to advocate and educate the true position of the Qur’an on this matter.  There are plenty of Muslim men in this world with deep-seated anger issues, resentment issues, power and control issues, among others, and bringing them into marital union could put a woman into serious harm.

Muslim men and women need to be educated on what are their rights/roles and responsibilities as husbands and wives.  Admittedly there needs to be more work done to improve the situation of women (all over this world).  However, we certainly do not need secular liberals, feminists, or those who do not believe in divine guidance trying to give us direction.

And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. Undoubtedly in these are signs for those who reflect.”  (Qur’an 30:21)

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Is seeking ease in the religion a sign of weak faith?

Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship.” (Qur’an 2:185)

“Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you.” (Qur’an 5:6)

“He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty” (Qur’an 22:78)

“Allah does not charge a soul except with that within its capacity” (Qur’an 2:286)

“And Allah wants to lighten for you your difficulties” (Qur’an 4:28)

“Recite then only that which is easy for you.” (Qur’an 73:20)

“It is part of the mercy of Allah that you deal gently with them. If you were severe or hardhearted, they would have broken away from you.” (Qur’an 3:159)

There are among us in the Muslim community those whose hearts have become hardened and are often bereft of mercy, empathy, compassion.   They recite Ar Rahman and Ar Raheem before the recitation of the Qur’an again and again and yet never seem to grasp concepts like mercy and compassion.

You will hear that taking easy fatwa-legal verdicts or taking the easiest opinion is a sign of weak faith or a giving into your nafs (self/ego).

Even though as we have seen above that time and time again that Allah (swt) has permitted ease in our faith and that he doesn’t want to impose difficulty upon us.

What these people (those who accuse others of having weak faith or taking the easy way out) is that they themselves may be having a disease of the heart.

“The similitude of those who were charged with the Torah (obligations of the Mosaic Law, )but who subsequently failed in those obligations, is that of a donkey which carries huge tomes. Evil is the similitude of people who lie about the revelation of Allah: and Allah guides not people who do wrong.” (Qur’an 62:5)

Notice that Allah (swt) says that people who lied about the revelation of Allah (swt) are likened to a donkey which is burdened with carrying huge tomes; and even then they fall short of what they claim are obligations.

So in reality those who seek hardship and difficult fatwa-legal verdicts in the religion it is they who are having a spiritual crisis. They possibly wake up in the middle of the night in cold sweats wondering if someone somewhere is taking a dispensation that will create ease in their life.

I have seen such people and been among them. They never want to shepherd their own souls they are too busy wanting to shepherd the souls of others and even then it is not with sincerity they only wish in the darkness of their hearts to see others fall short, to fail.

You do not have to fast while sick -but not these people they go that ‘extra mile’ they will continue fasting.

You can combine your prayers when traveling -but not these people they have to go that ‘extra mile’ and will do the full rakats, and sunnah and nawafil just to show you.

There are people who want to flog and whip themselves over battles over the outcomes of battles that they had no control over.

There is almost this masochistic tendency among some segments in our community that the Qur’an and the example of the Blessed Messenger (saw) are simply not enough.

What is the fruit of it?  Muslims taking the beautiful sacrosanct month of Ramadan and turning it into an ideological identifier and battleground on rather we pray 8 or 20 rakats of Tarweeh (when it is not even Wajib) to begin with.

In fact, there is a hadith attributed to the Blessed Messenger (saw) that I feel describes these people exactly.

“The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: Leave him, for he has friends that everyone among you would consider his prayer insignificant as compared with their prayer, and his fast as compared with their fasts. They would recite the Qur’an but it would not go beyond their collarbones. They would pass through (the teachings of Islam so hurriedly) just as the arrow passes through the prey. He would look at its Iron head, but would not find anything ticking) there. He would then see at the lowest end, but would not find anything sticking there. He would then see at its grip but would not find anything sticking to it. He would then see at its feathers and he would find nothing sticking to them (as the arrow would pass so quickly that nothing would stick to it) neither excrement nor blood. They would be recognized by the presence of a black man among them whose upper arms would be like a woman’s breast, or like a piece of meat as it quivers, and they would come forth at the time when there is dissension among the people. Abu Sa’id said: I testify to the fact that I heard it from the Messenger of Allah (saw), and I testify to the fact that ‘Ali b. Abu Talib fought against them and I was with him. He gave orders about that man who was sought for, and when he was brought in, and when I looked at him, he was exactly as the Messenger of Allah (saw) had described him.” Source: (Muslim: Book 005, Number 2323 Graded Sound). 

To me, this does not describe a particular group/political/ or ideological / among the Muslims rather it describes an attitude.     You the reader can confirm this.  You can see such attitudes among the Salafi, Sufi, Deobandi, Brewli. Is it not an attitude that can be found across the theological/political/juristic divide among Muslims?

Even though the Qur’an time and again and again gives dispensation and ease to people over and over again.

For example, you could ask a group of Muslims: ‘Are we allowed to eat pork?’

I did that when I worked at the Sultan Mosque in Singapore.   To nobody’s surprise, the audience said in unison, “No!”   However, I mentioned the answer is actually “It depends”.   The standard normative situation is that no we cannot eat pork.

However, since the preservation of human life (something a lot of those with hard hearts reading this post tend to forget) is a key component of Islamic Sacred Law  Allah (swt) has revealed the following:

“Today I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favor upon you, and approved Al-Islam as a Deen (way of life for you). Anyone who is compelled by hunger to eat what is forbidden, not intending to commit sin, will find Allah Forgiving, Merciful.” (Qur’an 5:3)

“The month of Ramadan is that in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and the criterion. So whoever sights the new moon of the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or is on a journey-then equal number of other days. Allah intends to ease and does not intend for you hardship and wants for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that which He has guided you; perhaps you will be grateful.”  (Qur’an 2:185) 

Much more can be said about fasting.  However, it should suffice the reader to know that there are more than what is listed above who are exempted from fasting.   Knowledgeable people have understood that people who have diabetes or other illness can be exempt from fasting altogether.

Yet, this group of people who have the attitude that the Blessed Messenger (saw) described above they have created such an atmosphere of animosity that I know of Muslims who are scared to death to eat soup or take fluids in Ramadan in-front of other Muslims while they are sick.

Not only that in Malaysia (a beautiful and amazing country by the way) an atmosphere is created to where Non-Muslim food stalls are closed in some places and they are even afraid to eat in front of fasting Muslims!  To do it out of respect is one thing but to make as if its disrespectful for them to carry about their lives is just bizarre.

Muslim women who are having menses in Ramadan are often afraid to eat in front of other people simply because of this attitude that some people have as if  Allah (swt) and his angels are not sufficient enough as witnesses.  Authubillah min dhalik!

Even in the Qur’an where a man insults his wife by calling her ‘like the back of my mother’ such a heinous thing even than Allah (swt) gives dispensation after dispensation.

“Those who pronounce thihar (saying you are to me like the back of my mother) among you to separate from their wives-they are not their mothers. Their mothers are none but those who gave birth to them. And indeed, they are saying a dishonorable statement and a flat lie. But indeed, Allah is Pardoning and Forgiving. 1)And he who does not find a slave to set free-then 2) a fast of two months consecutively before they touch one another; and he who is unable -then 3)  the feeding of sixty poor persons. That is for you to believe in Allah and His Messenger, and those are the limits set by Allah. And for the disbelievers is a painful punishment (Qur’an 58:2-4)

We also know that the fifth pillar of Islam by unanimous decision by all legal schools is that it is only obligatory if one is both able physically and financially.

Can you imagine the burden it would put not only upon the Muslim community if it was made an absolute necessity but the burden it would put on the Saudi authorities who already do their level best to accommodate the logistics of having 3 million people?  May Allah (swt) bless them in the way they have handled it thus far.

Even Prophet Jesus (as) made the haram (forbidden) into the halal (permissible) by the will of Allah (swt).

“And confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make lawful-wali-uhilla (HALAL) some of that which was forbidden-hurrima (HARAM )unto you. I come unto you with a sign from your Lord, so keep your duty to Allah and obey me.” (Qur’an 3:49)

Now, why else would Prophet Jesus (as) be given permission to do that if not to make things easier for people?   Think about it.  Take all the time you need.

As we have seen at the beginning of this blog post that Allah (swt) desires ease.  This is the Sunnah of Allah (swt).

“This is the way of Allah (Sunnat Allah) with those who passed away before, and you will not find any alteration in the way of Allah (Sunnat Allah).” (Qur’an 33:62)

My sincere advice to you fellow Muslims who encounter these masochistic types who desire for religion to be more arduous, rigorous, and difficult is to recite to them Surah Ar Rahman (The Most Merciful).

So which of the favours of your Lord would you deny?

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Interesting discussion with a shaykh from Oman today.

“And they claim, “None shall ever enter paradise unless he be a Jew” – or, “a Christian”. Such are their wishful beliefs! Say: “Produce an evidence for what you are claiming, if what you say is true!” (Holy Qur’an 2:111)

 

Very interesting discussion with a shaykh from Oman today.

“We do not know the right path from sects, names, or scholars. We know the right path based upon the agreed upon and shared book of the Holy Qur’an. Islam is a religion of proofs and evidences.”

The thing that shocked me is how quickly he went straight to the Qur’an with ayat after ayat from the Qur’an. I have never encountered this.

Usually Muslims will tell me what the hadith says or what the Imams have said. This Imam went straight to the Qur’an and was just pouring it on.

He first quoted this:

“And they claim, “None shall ever enter paradise unless he be a Jew” – or, “a Christian”. Such are their wishful beliefs! Say: “Produce an evidence for what you are claiming, if what you say is true!” (Holy Qur’an 2:111)

The Shaykh said: This was the standard given to the Prophet (saw) himself when measuring the truth. Do we think this standard has changed when other Muslims make claims?

Than he quoted:

“And never will be pleased with you the Jews and the Christians until you follow their religion. Say, “Indeed, the Guidance of Allah, it is the Guidance.” And if you follow their desires after what has come to you of the knowledge, not for you from Allah any protector and not any helper.” (Holy Qur’an 2:120)

Than he quoted:

“And We dispersed them as separate communities all over the earth; some of them were righteous, and some of them less than that: and the latter We tried with blessings as well as with afflictions, so that they might mend their ways.” (Holy Qur’an 7:168)

He continued….

“Successors replaced them afterward who inherited the Book, taking on the show of this lowly place and saying: ´IT WILL BE FORGIVEN US.´ If a show like it were give them (again), they would accept it. Was not an agreement concerning the Book accepted by them: that they would tell nothing but the Truth about God? They studied what was in it. A home in the Hereafter is better for those who do their duty – do they not use their reason?” (Holy Qur’an 7:169)

He paused and said, “It will be forgiven us’ and he mentioned about people who take light the threat of the punishment and the hell fire and they just say, “It will be forgiven of us.”

Than he kept reading:

“But those who hold fast by the Book and are steadfast in prayer – verily, We will not waste the wages of those who do right.” (Holy Qur’an 7:170)

He paused and said, “Hold fast by the Book” and than he said, “We do not have a problem with Muslim, Bukhari and these hadith books but no hadith, no person can ever go against the Qur’an!”

Than he went to this verse:

“You have no say in this affair to decide whether He will relent towards them or He will punish them: they are wrongdoers.” (Holy Qur’an 3:128)

The decision is not upon the Prophet Muhammed (saw) who will be forgiven or punished.

Than he quoted:

“Have you not seen those who were given a portion of the Scriptures? Yet when they are invited to the Book of Allah to settle their disputes, some of them turn away heedlessly.” (Holy Qur’an 3:23)

“Simply because they claim, “The fire will most certainly not touch us for more than a limited number of days”: and thus the false beliefs which they invented have [in time] caused them to betray their faith.” (Holy Qur’an 3:24)

Than he paused and said who’s belief is it that the hell fire is only for a few number of days?

I said it is the Aqidah of the Jews according to these verses. He said yes and than quoted:

“Let not the believers Take for friends or helpers Unbelievers rather than believers: if any do that, in nothing will there be help from Allah: except by way of precaution, that you may Guard yourselves from them. But Allah cautions you (To remember ) Himself; for the final goal is to Allah.” (Holy Qur’an 3:28)

He elaborated upon this verse that we don’t take our theology from the Jews and Christians when we have our theology given to us from the Holy Qur’an.

He than said any “tahleem’ ?? not sure the word, or anything that goes against the Qur’an we hold fast to the book of Allah (swt).

He than quoted:

“This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah.” (Holy Qur’an 2:2)

He than explained to me about the word or term ‘Kafir’.

The shaykh said, all mushriks are kafirs but not all kafirs are mushriks.

The shaykh said , This is a problem a big problem the Khawarij believe all Kafirs are Mushriks , where as we the Ahl Istiqaama (the Ibadi) we do not believe this.

He said there are 5 terms to be aware of.

1) Kafir
2) Fasiq
3) Fadl /Fujr (I was not clear on this term).
4) Dhulm, Dhalim
5) Mujir Mujrimoon (plural)

We had to cut sure as I had to prepare myself for the Friday Prayers.

This conversation was short but jam packed filled with beneficial knowledge.

I cried the moment he started to quote the Holy Qur’an and than again and again and again ayat after ayat after ayat…..

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Use & Abuse of the word Hikma by the Quran Only Religion.

 

“He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.”  (Qur’an 2:269)

Questions:

1 Is there anything internal in the above verse that even remotely suggests that it is a reference to the Qur’an?

2 Are adherents of the  ‘Qur’an only religion‘  seriously going to contend that Allah has only given wisdom to Quranist who understand their particular approach to the Qur’an?

3 Are adherents ‘Qur’an only religion‘ advocate’s seriously going to contend that Allah has not given wisdom to people who are not Muslims?

 hikma– understood as ‘wisdom’ or ‘discernment’ has been used and abused by both the traditionalist and the various ‘Qur’an Only‘ sects.

The traditionalist will try and conflate the term hikma to only mean ‘the sunnah’ of the Blessed Messenger (saw).

They are partially correct, but the term is a bit more nuanced.  They will end up taking this term hikma and than conflating it with sunnah, such that it now is in reference to all the deeds, actions, and sayings of the Blessed Messenger (saw).

That is simply not true. I believe it was Imam Al Shafi’i (may Allah have mercy on him) who was among the first to make this assertion. (May Allah have mercy on him and on us.)

The ‘Qur’an Only Religion’ in their rush to refute any authority other than their own individual interpretations of the Qur’an say that hikma is in reference to only the Qur’an.

They are partially correct as well, but it is not the whole picture.

Now certainty it would be correct to say that the Qur’an is hikma. However, the inverse is not true.

To say that every instance of the word hikma refers to the Qu’ran is simply not true. This is where we begin to understand the nuanced meaning and application of the term hikma.

“And Allah will teach him the Book and Wisdom (hikma) the Law and the Gospel.” (Qur’an 3:48)

It would certainly be odd if we understood this to be, “And Allah will teach him the Book, and the Qur’an and the Law and the Gospel.”

Does anyone think that Jesus (as) taught the Qur’an?

It would also be odd if we understood this to be, “And Allah will teach him the Book, and the words, deeds, sayings of Prophet Muhammed, the Law, and the Gospel.”

However, notice something in the text above in 3:48

Quranist will use as an argument that things mentioned in conjunction with one another do not necessarily mean that they are separate.

For example:

“And We had already given Moses and Aaron the criterion and a light and a reminder for the righteous.”  (Qur’an  21:48)

So here in this context, the Torah is being described as a criterion and a light and a reminder. These are three descriptions of the Torah, not three separate sources of guidance.

Whereas we also have an example of three mentioned together that are not the same. In the following verse is mentioned Allah [swt], the angels and all mankind. These three do not equate to being the same.

“Surely those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, these it is on whom is the curse of Allah and the angels and all mankind.” (Qur’an  2:168)

So in what context is the grammar being used in the verse relating to Jesus?

“And Allah will teach him the Book and Wisdom (hikma) the Law and the Gospel.” (Qur’an 3:48)

Jesus is being taught the Book, the Hikma, the Law, and the Gospel.  

The Arabic transliteration is: wayu’allimuhu l-kitaba wal-hik’mata wal-tawrwata wal-injila.

The Law and the Book and the Gospel are not the same things.  It stands to reason that given the grammar of this verse from a perfect All-Knowing being, that the hikma is a reference to something distinct from the Gospel in a way that the Torah is distinct from the Gospel.

“And when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, “I have come to you with wisdom (hikma) and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ, so fear Allah and obey me.” (Qur’an 43:63)

How odd would that be if we understood it to be,

“And when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, “I have come to you with words, deeds, and sayings of Prophet Muhammed and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ, so fear Allah and obey me.”

It would also certainly be odd if we understood it as:

“And when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, “I have come to you with the Qur’an and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ, so fear Allah and obey me.”

“And remember the verses of Allah and the wisdom (Prophet’s sayings) which are recited in your houses, surely, Allah is Courteous, Well-Acquainted.” (Qur’an 33:34)

Some adherents of the Qur’an Only Religion have argued that wisdom here must be Qur’an because the prophetic sayings cannot be considered as being ‘recited‘. They believe that ‘recited’ is only a reference to the Qur’an.

The Qur’an refutes this point.

“And they followed instead what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon.” (Quran 2:102)

The Arabic yut’lā – can also mean recounted or rehearsed.

I wanted to make this entrance very brief insh’Allah. The reason this entrance is very brief is because is a huge misunderstanding of the Qur’an by adherents of the ‘Qur’an only religion’.

If they really looked at the Qur’an, reflected upon it they would not have fallen into such an egregious error.

Hikma is discernment.  It is the ability to discern.  It is penetrating understanding or insight.  The Blessed Messenger (saw) was granted hikma.

Thus when we hear of the term hikma in relationship to the revelation, we can understand it to mean his exposition of the Qur’an.

Hikma in this particular instance-  does not mean the way he walked, what he wore, and what he ate.

Hikma does mean that Allah (swt) granted him penetrating insights into the Qur’an.

This is obvious from the following verse:

And obey Allah and obey the Messenger. But if you turn away, then Our Messenger is responsible only for conveying the message clearly. (Quran 64:12)

It is obvious that the use of hikma would be to know how to employ the  Qur’an on issues that are not explicitly mentioned by the Qur’an.

How to relate the Qur’an to context.

An example:

“And marry not women whom your fathers married, except what has already passed; indeed it was shameful and most hateful, and an evil way.” (Qur’an 4:22)

This also applies equally to a woman a man’s father has married contractually and to women he has had intercourse with outside of marriage.

Who knows how Qur’an Only Muslims deal with this?  They are in open rebellion to the idea that anything is an authority outside of the text of the Qur’an. Even though Allah (swt) has said:

“O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best way and best in result. (Qur’an 4:59)

Although the Qur’an is not clear on this point. So this is a case of hikma –or discernment.  Or other jurists may call it analogical reasoning. 

The life of the Blessed Prophet (saw) is an example of how Muslims should interact with the world around them.

The hikma that has become mass transmitted sunnah of the Muslims prior to the civil war, is his understanding of the Qur’an in all matters.

“He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.”  (Qur’an 2:269)

So it is a failure of insight for the adherents of the  ‘Qur’an only religion‘ to not see that the word hikma was given to the Blessed Messenger (saw) as penetrating insights.

The reason why the adherents  ‘Qur’an only religion’ are very uncomfortable with this is due to the fact of their very strained interpretations that the Qur’an ‘explains everything in detail’ -which to them leaves no room for expositions, interpretations, or sources of guidance outside of it.

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Critique of a hadith that Muslims will go to heaven simply based on testimony of faith.

Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 25:70)

Ponder this hadith that is used as a proof text that all Muslims will eventually get to heaven no matter what they have done.


(ISIS in heaven), (Al Qaeda in heaven)…..


Narrated Anas bin Malik:
“Once Mu’adh was along with Allah’s Apostle as a companion rider. Allah’s Apostle said, “O Mu’adh bin Jabal.” Mu’adh replied, “Labbaik and Sa’daik. O Allah’s Apostle!” Again the Prophet said, “O Mu’adh!” Mu’adh said thrice, “Labbaik and Sa’daik, O Allah’s Apostle!” Allah’s Apostle said, “There is none who testifies sincerely that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is his Apostle, except that Allah, will save him from the Hell-fire.” Mu’adh said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Should I not inform the people about it so that they may have glad tidings?” He replied, “WHEN THE PEOPLE HEAR ABOUT IT, THEY WILL SOLELY DEPEND UPON IT.” Then Mu’adh narrated the above-mentioned Hadith just before his death, being afraid of committing sin (by not telling the knowledge). Source: (volume 1, Book 3, Number 130 Bukhari)


Notice some strange things about the text (matn).

1) “Then Mu’adh narrated the above-mentioned Hadith just before his death, being afraid of committing sin (by not telling the knowledge). “

This is additional information. This is obviously not said by Mu’adh but by the redactor.


2) Such an important theological point notice that there were was no command from the Blessed Prophet (saw) to narrate this to anyone. In fact the indication is that he (saw) did not want this to be public knowledge.


3) Even though it can be argued that the Blessed Messenger (saw) didn’t explicitly tell Mu’adh not to narrate this hadith it does indicate that Mu’adh seemed to know better than the Blessed Messenger (saw) by letting the proverbial ‘cat out of the bag‘ so to speak.

4) It seems odd that a companion like Mu’adh (who knows he could die at any moment) and yet had this bothering his conscience would conveniently wait to be on this death bed before transmitting this information. No way to verify information from a dead man right?

5) It makes the Blessed Messenger (saw) say something about the future which we all know to be patently false. “WHEN THE PEOPLE HEAR ABOUT IT, THEY WILL SOLELY DEPEND UPON IT.”

A) Even the Ash’ari do not rely solely upon it. They rely upon other hadith like the following:

‘Ubadah bin As-Samit reported: Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “He who bears witness that there is no true god except Allah, alone having no partner with Him, that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger, that ‘Isa (Jesus) is His slave and Messenger and he (Jesus) is His Word which He communicated to Maryam (Mary) and His spirit which He sent to her, that Jannah is true and Hell is true; Allah will make him enter Jannah accepting whatever deeds he accomplished”. Source: (Bukhari & Muslim)

Even the above is an oddly worded Shahadatayn  (testimony of faith)

They also rely upon things like the Shafaat (intercession) of the Blessed Messenger (saw).

B) It is not the position of Sunni Muslims who do not hold to the Ash’ari doctrine.

C) It is not the position of Muslims who hold to the doctrine of the Ahl al-Tawhid wa al-Adl (The Proponents of Divine Unicity and Justice)

So the only way possible to salvage point 5 is to simply assume that there was some group of Muslims living past, present or future who will hold such a position. Even this comes across as desperate apologetic.

The previous five points are all arguments from the text and consistency.

The following point is a rational argument.

6) It cannot possibly be a reference to a Muslim who made such a statement with sincerity and than later became a Christian or Atheist or a Hindu. Unless now someone is going to argue that it doesn’t matter if they associate partners with Allah (swt), or deny Allah (swt) in total because they said this statement once in their lifetime with conviction.

7) The hadith is against the Qur’an

“O Messenger, announce that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, and if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. And Allah will protect you from the people. Indeed, Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.” (Qur’an 5:67)

8) The hadith is against the Qur’an.

“But the hypocrites say, “We have believed in Allah and in the Messenger, and we obey”; then a party of them turns away after that. And those are not believers.” (Qur’an 24:47)

The conclusion:

There is no one among the Muslims who believes that certain statements alone are sufficient to get you into heaven. All of it has to be contingent upon something else.

Allah (swt) knows best and the help of Allah (swt) is sought.

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Major sins -their expiation and forgiveness. (part 2)

“Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful.” (Holy Qur’an 7:17)

This article will focus on the major sins (in no particular order) as well as remedies and solutions for their forgiveness.

“IF (but) eschew the evilest of the things which you are forbidden to do, We shall expel out of YOU ( SaiyiatikumALL THE EVIL IN YOU, and admit you to a gate of great honor.” -(Holy Qur’an 4:31)

As this is the continuation in the series you would be highly encouraged to read the first entry so that you are familiar with the approach.

https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2019/12/01/major-sins-their-expiation-and-forgiveness-part-1/

In the article above we covered major sins 1-5. Those being:

  1. Despairing of the mercy of Allah
  2. Apostasy
  3. Witchcraft
  4. False Theology-saying about Allah (swt) what is not true.
  5. Suicide.

#6) Lying about the Blessed Messenger-The Prophet Muhammed.

Telling lies about the Blessed Messenger has to be one of the vilest things that a Muslim can do. In some ways, it is even viler than lying about the Holy Qur’an. Why would I say this? The Qur’an has to be the most accessible text to Muslims. Muslims can go directly to the Arabic text and/or rely upon translations to ascertain the truth of what someone claims concerning it.

However, the hadith traditions are not that accessible. Muslims are not in the habit of keeping various books of traditions in their homes. It may be usual to see the 40 hadith collection of Imam Nawawi, the Muwatta of Imam Malik, or the collection of hadith Qudsi. However, it is a very rare sight to see a Muslim home with even one full volume of Bukhari, Musnad Imam Ahmed or the copious amounts of other hadith literature.

What makes it more troubling is that Muslims know that everything within the Holy Qur’an is 100% from Allah (swt) whereas the hadith have grades of what makes one narration more sound than another. This is the extent of knowledge of the layman Muslim and how he or she is informed about their religion.

To complicate this matter the terms ‘Sahih‘ have been thrown in front of various narrations and declared to be unquestionably what the Blessed Prophet (saw) said.

“So for their breaking of the covenant, We cursed them and made their hearts hard. They distort words from their usages and have forgotten a portion of that of which they were reminded. And you will still observe deceit among them, except a few of them. But pardon them and overlook their misdeeds. Indeed, Allah loves the doers of good.” (Holy Qur’an 5:13)

Narrated by Ali: “The Prophet said, “Do not tell a lie against me for whosoever tells a lie against me then he will surely enter the hell-fire.” (Bukhari Vol 1, Book 3. Knowledge. Hadith 106)

Look at this frightening quote from Shaykh Umar Bin Hafiz


There is a whole article written on this here:

https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2019/10/18/the-blessed-sandals-handling-the-words-attributed-to-the-prophet-muhammed-saw/

When asked how can we be 100% certain that we have the words of the Blessed Messenger (saw) Dr. Jonathan Brown responded, ‘You can’t!’

You can read about that here:

https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2018/08/08/how-can-we-be-sure-that-we-have-the-actual-uttering-of-the-prophet-dr-jonathan-brown-responds-you-cant/

“So woe to those who write the “scripture” with their own hands, then say, “This is from Allah,” in order to exchange it for a small price. Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they earn.” (Holy Qur’an 2:79)

This verse above is very important because it shows you that there are upon this Earth, people who have absolutely no fear of Allah (swt). If these people find it a light matter a small thing to attribute revelation to Allah (swt) don’t you think they will find it even a lighter matter, a smaller thing to attribute lies to the Blessed Messenger (saw)?

The famous quote from Ibn Sirin:

“In the early period, no one would ask about isnad. But when the fitna (strife fighting among companions) occurred people would say, “Name for us your men.”

This points to the fact that the early proto hadith period people didn’t give chains of transmission. I did see someone try and be sly and make it look like the text above indicated that people could give chains of transmission but didn’t. There is not a single example to corroborate this! What we do have is companions would question things that seemed out of balance to them from what they understood about certain matters and then the people would bring corroborating evidence or they would simply verify it with the Blessed Messenger (saw).

Examples:

Example: Umar Ibn Al Khattab snatching up another companion who he heard recite the Qur’an differently than him:

‘Umar ibn al-Khattab who said: “I heard Hisham ibn Hakim reciting Surah al-Furqan in a manner different from that in which I used to recite it and the way in which the Messenger of Allah (saw) taught me to recite it.  I was about to argue with him whilst he was praying, but I waited until he finished his prayer, and then I tied his garment around his neck and seized him by it and brought him to the Messenger of Allah (saw) and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I heard this man reciting Surah al-Furqan in a way different to the way you taught it to me.’ The Messenger of Allah (saw) said to him, ‘Recite it,’ and he recited it as I had heard him recite it. The Messenger of Allah (saw) said, ‘It was revealed like this.’ Then he said to me, ‘Recite it,’ so I recited it and he said, ‘It was revealed like this.’ This Qur’an has been revealed in seven different ways, so recite it in the way that is easiest for you.’” Source: (Bukhari, 2287; Muslim, 818) 

Example: Aisha correcting the narration of Abu Hurayrah.

Abu Hurayrah reported: The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “A woman, an ass and a dog disrupt the prayer, but something like the back of a saddle guards against that.” ( ‘sahih’ Muslim, Hadith 790)

However….

Narrated ‘Aisha: The things which annul prayer were mentioned before me (and those were): a dog, an ass and a woman. I said, “You have compared us (women) to donkeys and dogs. By Allah! I saw the Prophet praying while I used to lie in (my) bed between him and the Qibla. Whenever I was in need of something, I disliked to sit and trouble the Prophet. So, I would slip away by the side of his feet.” (‘Sahih’ Bukhari, Hadith 484)

Example:


Abu Sa’id Khudri reported: I was sitting in Medina in the company of the Ansar that Abu Musa came trembling with fear. We said to him: What is the matter? He said: ‘Umar sent for me. I went to him and paid him salutation three times at (his) door but he made no response to me and so I came back Thereupon he (‘Umar) said: What stood in your way that you did not turn up? I said: I did come to you and paid you salutations at your door three times but I was not given any response, so I came back as the Messenger of Allah (saw) has said: When any one of you seeks permission three times and he did not grant permission, he should come back. Umar said: Bring a witness to support that you say, otherwise I shall take you to task. Ubay b. Ka’b said: None should stand with him (as a witness) but the youngest among the people. Abu Sa’id said: I am the youngest amongst the people, whereupon he said: Then you go with him (to support his contention). (Source Muslim Book of Manners hadith No. 5354)

The aforementioned are just a small taste of the numerous ways in which we can approach this particular topic. You can see that contrary to what we are told that companions either corrected other companions about what the Blessed Messenger (saw) said, and/or they often flat out didn’t believe them! In the case of Umar, he would be quite stern with companions unless they had corroborating witnesses. I have not seen an example of Umar accepting a lone narrator report.

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

So with all this in mind and knowing the stern penalties that would await us if we were to lie about what the Blessed Messenger (saw) said what is the solution?

This is why in my article: My position on the hadith I have stated that any ahadith that is attributed to the Blessed Messenger(saw) that we should always say under any circumstance. “It has been narrated or attributed to the Blessed Messenger.

This was a practice that comes from the Shafi’i scholar Al-Qadi Abd al-Jabbar. He is reported to have said, “Who stated that if one wants to cite a hadith that is unreliable one should not say, “the Prophet said. ,,” but rather “it has been narrated from the Prophet,” Source: (al-Qâdî ‘Abd al-Jabbâr, Fadl al-i’tizâl, ed, Fu’âd Sayyid (Tunis: al-Dâr al-TQnisiyya, 1393/1974), 186,)

I take it a step further and say in reality we should be saying this of every single narration of the Blessed Messenger (saw).

So in this case of general statements of the Blessed Messenger (saw) one needs not to concern themselves with the labels Sahih, Hasan, etc. You simply word any report as ‘it has been attributed’ or ‘it has been narrated from’. This way you do two things:

  1. Save yourself from saying with certainty about the Blessed Messenger (saw).
  2. Save yourself from rejecting the traditions outright but by placing the responsibility squarely on the one’s claiming to narrate from him.

In the case of issues concerning laws and theology especially wherein punishments are to be acted on you should compare/contrast the narrations with what is certain. That being the words of Allah (swt).

Or do they say, “He has invented about Allah a lie”? But if Allah willed, He could seal over your heart. And Allah eliminates falsehood and establishes the truth by His words. Indeed, He is Knowing of that within the breasts. (Holy Qur’an 42:24)

#7) Not wanting Islam to be established on the Earth.

It may be hard to fathom that Muslims would not want Islam to be established on the Earth but there are among the Muslims the people of nifaq (hypocrisy) and the people who are rebellious sinners (fasiq). Allah (swt) knows best who they are among us. Allah (swt) has given a very strong warning that applies to ALL who do not want Islam to be established upon the Earth.

“Verily, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder mankind from the Path of Allah, and so will they continue to spend it; but in the end,it will become an anguish for them. Then they will be overcome. And those who are ungrateful will be gathered unto Hell.” (Holy Qur’an 8:36)

“Indeed, those who disbelieved and averted people from the path of Allah and then died while they were ungrateful – never will Allah forgive them.” (Holy Qur’an 47:34)

“Here you are – those invited to spend in the cause of Allah – but among you are those who withhold. And whoever withholds only withholds from himself; and Allah is the Free of need, while you are the needy. And if you turn away, He will replace you with another people; then they will not be the likes of you.” (Holy Qur’an 47:38)

“Fain would they extinguish Allah’s light with their mouths, but Allah will not allow but that His Light should be perfected, even though the ungrateful may detest it. It is He Who has sent His messenger with the guidance and the Religion of Truth, that He may cause it to prevail over all religion, however much the mushrikun may be averse to it.” (Holy Qur’an 9:32)

“They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the ungrateful dislike it. It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion, although those who associate others with Allah dislike it.” (Holy Qur’an 68:8-9)

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

The solution is to return to Allah (swt) and repent. Do not die while actively engaged in trying to suppress either the message of Islam or the implementation of Islam in the lives of people. Turn away from your hypocrisy (nifaq) and leave the way of the defiantly sinful. (fasiq)

“But as for one who had repented, believed, and done righteousness, it is promised by Allah that he will be among the successful.” (Holy Qur’an 28:67)

It would be highly recommended to make the following supplication:

“Our Lord! Cause not our hearts to stray after you have guided us, and bestow upon us mercy from Your Presence. You, only You, are the Ever Giving.” (Holy Qur’an 3:8)

“It is He Who sent down calmness and tranquility into the hearts of the believers, that they may grow more in Faith along with their present Faith. And to Allah belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise”. (Holy Qur’an 9:26)

Allah (swt) will take from your heart the anxiety you had about Islam or any hate towards Islam and replace it with calmness and tranquility.

#8) Carrying out injustice on an individual level

Unquestionably, the curse of Allah is upon the unjust.” (Holy Qur’an 11:18)

Can it be said that people who have the curse of Allah (swt) will be in paradise? Can it be said that paradise is the destination of the accursed?

“And the retribution for an evil act is an evil one like it, but whoever pardons and makes reconciliation – his reward is [due] from Allah. Indeed, He does not love the unjust.” (Holy Qur’an 42:40)

Can it be said that people that Allah (swt) does not love will be in paradise? Can it be said that paradise is the destination of the unloved?

“Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing.” (Holy Qur’an 4:58)

“O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not personal inclination, lest you swerve from justice. And if you distort your testimony or refuse to give it, then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.” (Holy Qur’an 1:135)

“Oh, you who believe! Be ever steadfast in your devotion to Allah, bearing witness to the truth in all equity; and never let the hatred of any-one lead you into the sin of deviating from justice. Be just: this is closest to being Allah-conscious. And remain conscious of Allah: verily, Allah is aware of all that you do.” (Holy Qur’an 5:8)

If there are three themes that are core and central to Islam it is

  1. That Allah (swt) is absolutely one.
  2. To be conscious of Allah (swt) at all times.
  3. The establishment of justice.

It is rather surprising that justice is not considered among the pillars of belief along with belief in Allah (swt), his angels, prophets, revelations and so forth.

Rather than the very obvious fact of establishing the truth over falsehood where it concerns worshiping Allah (swt) and abstaining from shirk the following verse should be a point of reflection:

“We sent Our Messengers with clear signs and sent down with them the Book and the Measure in order to establish justice among the people…” (Holy Qur’an 57:25)

Forgive the pun but it would be difficult to do justice to the topic of justice even if one were to write a book on it.

If there ever is a major sin which is easy to fall into and which one could end up in eternal hellfire if repentance and/or reconciliation does not ensue; it would be from injustice-undoubtedly. Even the beings of light, the angels asked:

“And when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.” (Holy Qur’an 2:30)

There is justice that is due towards Allah (swt) by obeying him in all his commands, worshiping and associating nothing with Allah (swt) in any of his attributes.

There is justice that is due to one’s self by taking care of one’s body, hygiene, and health.

There is justice that is due to time itself. That what we do with the time that is allotted to us while on this Earth.

There is justice due to one’s spouse. There is justice due to one’s partner during a divorce and justice towards the children.

There is justice due to one’s parents and family members.

There is justice due to the animals and the ecology of the planet.

There is justice due to one’s neighbors.

There is justice due to fellow Muslims and as well as to Non-Muslims.

In this series, you will undoubtedly realize that every single major sin falls under some categorization of injustice. This is either against oneself, their Lord, or against fellow human beings.

So reconcile between them in justice and fairness. Verily, Allah loves those who are just.” (Holy Qur’an 49:9)

Some oral traditions to consider when thinking about justice.

It is has been attributed to the Blessed Messenger (saw) that he said:

“Beware of the supplication of the oppressed, even if he is an unbeliever, for there is no screen between that supplication and Allah (swt).” Source: (Musnad Ahmad 12140)

It is has been attributed to the Blessed Messenger (saw) that he said:

“Verily the most beloved of people to Allah on the Day of Resurrection and the nearest to Him will be the just leader. The Most Hated of people to Allah and the furthest from Him will be a tyrannical leader.”

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 1329.

Keep in mind that husbands are leaders, Mosque board members are leaders. In any situation in which you are a leader, you must do your utmost to be just.

It has been attributed to the Blessed Messenger (saw) that he said:

“By Allah, you must enjoin good and forbid evil and seize the hand of the oppressor and make him follow the truth and restrict him to what is just.”

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4336

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

This depends on the type of injustice committed. If you have wronged a person or an individual you need to ask for that person’s forgiveness and/or expiate for the wrong. If you took property it must be returned or compensated for by similar value or offer your work to them.

If you have defrauded the people you must inform them and do what you can to make amends with them.

If you are dealing unjustly with your body you should make the intention to start to eat less, more healthy, make sure the food you eat doesn’t come from practices that are evil to the environment.

If you are a husband and you are dealing unjustly with your wife and children you should repent. Be thankful to Allah (swt) for what Allah (swt) has given you. Make amends with your wife, learn to lead and be a disciplinarian, a visionary, give love to your family. Spend time with your family.

If you have neighbors and you have not even met your neighbors you should try to immediately. If they are elderly inquire of their needs, perhaps leave your number with them if they need you to run to the market for them. Have a plan to evacuate your elderly neighbors if there is a fire. At the very least make intention to save their lives. Muslim or not Muslim it doesn’t matter they are human beings!

Remember the subject of justice is vast and Allah (swt) does not take us to account for ignorance or lapses in memory and/or judgment. He takes us to account for those things we do willfully.

#9) Carrying out injustice as either an organized group or as a government against the environment.

“Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth to cause corruption is none but that they are killed or impaled or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they are exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world, and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment.” (Holy Qu’ran 5:33)

Those who carry about ‘fasad‘-corruption, villainy, destruction on people, the skies, the lands, and the seas.

Types of ‘fasad

Pollution of the Earth.

Spreading death upon the lands through pollution.

Spreading death upon the seas through pollution.

Spreading death in the sky through pollution.

This has to be probably the worst type of punishment given out in the Holy Qur’an. The destruction of our environment leads to the destruction of us all and in a sense that is why the fasad in 5:32 is tied in with the idea of destroying the whole of mankind. Saving a life as if one was saving the whole of mankind. Every individual life is worth saving is vast untapped potential. The person could be the one who invents a technology or an advancement in science that saves the whole of mankind. Allah (swt) knows best.

There are three choices given to dealing with people who do such.

  1. They are to killed.
  2. They are to be impaled.
  3. They are to have their hands and feet cut off on opposite sides.
  4. They are to be banished from the lands.

These options are available and will be determined by the courts. Certainly, things to keep in mind would be the type and nature of the fasad. The number of people, area of land, sea, sky, and creatures affected. Repeat offenses if any.

“And when he goes away, he strives throughout the land to cause corruption therein and destroy crops and animals. And Allah does not like corruption.” (Holy Qur’an 2:205)

“So why were there not among the generations before you those of enduring discrimination forbidding corruption on earth – except a few of those We saved from among them? But those who wronged pursued what luxury they were given therein, and they were criminals.” (Holy Qur’an 11:116)

“Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption done in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors. “(Holy Qur’an 5:32)

” If the Truth had been in accord with their desires, truly the heavens and the earth, and all beings therein would have been in confusion and corruption! Nay, We have sent them their admonition, but they turn away from their admonition.” (Holy Qur’an 23:71)

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

In some situations even if a person, institution, government or organization makes repentance it may be followed by one of the punishments above as a deterrent to others who may wish to unleash corruption upon the Heavens and the Earth.

“Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of what they have done that perhaps they will return to righteousness. (Holy Qur’an 30:41)

Except for those who repent before they fall into your power: in that case, know that Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Holy Qur’an 5:34)

This verse is directly tied to the punishments mentioned in 5:33 above. That is to say, those not subject to the punishments above are people who may have started off doing corrupting the Earth can have a change of heart. This does not absolve them of making right their wrongs. They should utilize all the resources at their disposal to right their wrongs. It just means those who come clean before they are dealt with are not subject to the punishments listed above.

“Who cause corruption in the land and do not amend.” (Holy Qur’an 26:152)

This verse shows that it is possible to amend.

#10) Shirk -associating partners, powers, or principalities with Allah (swt). Ascribing something with the power to do something independent of Allah’s sovereignty.

“Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly gone far astray.” (Holy Qur’an 4:116)

“And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden to be killed, except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. Multiplied for him is the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein forever humiliated -Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them, Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful. (Holy Qur’an 25:68-70)

Now what is interesting about these two hadith when taken together is that some Muslims will argue that you can commit murder and unlawful sexual intercourse and do not repent of it you will still go to heaven!

The text says no such thing! In one text Allah (swt) says that he will not forgive those who associates any partners with him. But he will forgive less than that for whom He wills.

The next text adds information to the previous text. In that text (25:68-69) did Allah (swt) say that killing a human being or having unlawful sexual intercourse was any less an offense than shirk? It doesn’t say that anywhere!

In fact, those people who say that you can still go to heaven for committing murder and illegal sexual intercourse without repenting ask them if they consider those two sins major sins? They will answer you yes!

In fact, it is their interpretation (Ahl Sunnah) that causes a contradiction between the text, not ours! (The Ibadi School)

Think about it:

“Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills.

So the (Ahl Sunnah) understand this to mean if you commit shirk and don’t repent you are doomed. But you can do anything else and die without repenting of it and Allah (swt) MIGHT forgive you.

Now, look at the verse that says shirk, murder, and unlawful sexual intercourse. When it says, ” -Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work.”

Are they saying, ” -Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work.” it is ONLY a reference to the shirk?

How did they draw this conclusion?

Whereas we say logically and as the verse above clearly states that if you commit: shirk, murder and unlawful sexual intercourse and do not turn and repent and work righteous deeds. Your afterlife is doomed.

However, this section is not to deal with murder or unlawful sexual intercourse but with Shirk.

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

“Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them, Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.” (Holy Qur’an 25:68-70)

That is the solution. The solution isn’t just to hope that Allah (swt) will MAYBE forgive you. The solution is to know that Allah (swt) WILL forgive you. This forgiveness is contingent upon your sincere repentance and doing righteous good works. By doing this those evil deeds (shirk, unlawful sexual intercourse, murder) they will be completely effaced and replaced with good deeds! Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

Repent, amend, do good. Is that so hard to ask?

insh’Allah- Allah-willing will continue on with this series on major sins and their forgiveness.

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Major sins -their expiation and forgiveness. (part 1)

“Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful.” (Qur’an 7:17)

This article will focus on the major sins (in no particular order) as well as remedies and solutions for their forgiveness.

“IF (but) eschew the evilest of the things (MAJOR SINS) which you are forbidden to do, We shall expel out of YOU ( SaiyiatikumALL THE EVIL IN YOU, and admit you to a gate of great honor.” -(Qur’an 4:31)

How do we determine what is a major sin?

  1. We know that Allah (swt) blesses us for the good that we do and Allah (swt) blesses us simply because Allah (swt) is Most Generous and the Bestower of Bounties.
  2. We know that Allah (swt) only punishes us for our sins. We do not get punished for sins we did not do.
  3. The curse of Allah (swt) is when a person’s heart has been sealed. (May Allah protect us all from it). Once the curse of Allah (swt) is upon someone they are not lifted from that curse. Every place that mentions this is a major sin.

The example of Iblis:

“Then get out of Paradise, for indeed, you are expelled. And indeed, upon you is My curse until the Day of Recompense.” (Qur’an 38:77-78)

Context is key.

Often in one place of the Qur’an Allah (swt) will mention that for a particular sin if these people die in that state without repentance they will abide in hell forever. We then see this particular sin juxtaposed with other sins indicating the severity of them as well.

Conditions are met:

  1. That there is sincere repentance as Allah (swt) has clearly mentioned in the  Qur’an that it is no use to go to one’s deathbed without having sincerely repented.
  2. Conditions are met. There are many sins in Islam that are not forgiven simply upon repentance but are conditional. The repentance is coupled with some form of expiation.

There are many different words used for sin in the Qur’an and often they are interchangeable.

Dhanb– sins in which one has committed a wrong that needs repentance.

Examples:

“So be patient, [O Muhammed]. Indeed, the promise of Allah is true. And ask forgiveness for your sin (dhanb) and exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord in the evening and the morning.” (Qur’an 40:55)

“That Allah may forgive for you [O Muhammed] what preceded of your sin (dhanb) and what will follow and complete His favor upon you and guide you to a straight path.” (Qur’an 48:2)

“So know, [O Muhammed], that there is no deity except Allah and ask forgiveness for your sin (dhanb)and for the believing men and believing women. And Allah knows of your movement and your resting place.” (Qur’an 47:19)

As the position of Muslims is that Prophets are known to be sinless it is possible that the above verses are speaking about sins the Blessed Messenger (saw) did before he entered into Islam. However, verse 48:2 above does indicate that the Blessed Prophet (saw) will do sins in the future and that Allah (swt) will forgive him.

To err is to human to forgive is divine.

Some people may dispute that as Prophet Moses (a.s) is guilty of the crime of murder in the following verse:

“And they have a charge of crime (dhanb) against me, and I fear they may slay me.” (Qur’an 26:14)

“The Jews and the Christians say: “We are sons of Allah and His beloved.” Say: “Why then does He punish you for your (dhanb) sins? No you are but men,- of the men He has created: He forgives whom He pleases and He punishes whom He pleases: and to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between: and unto Him is the final goal (of all).” (Qur’an 5:18)

The above verse makes it clear that dhanb is something that one can be punished for. It is the same case when we look at the use of the word all throughout the Qur’an.

Khati’ah– errors, maybe forgetfulness, character flaws, hastiness, wreckless, however, it is also used in the sense of sins that are punishable by eternal hellfire.

Examples:

“And who I aspire that He will forgive me[Prophet Ibrahim] my faults (khatiati) on the Day of Recompense.” (Qur’an 26:82)

“Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or (akhtanā) erred.” (Qur’an 2:286)

Both of the above examples indicate something careless, some minor faults.

“Yes, whoever earns evil and his sin (khatiatuhu)has encompassed him – those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.(Qur’an 2:81)

This verse is also speaking about those who are reckless with their faith. Their sins have has encompassed them and for them, they will abide in hell forever.

 

Ithm-sins, heinous sins, crimes, shameful deeds.

“Those who avoid the greater crimes (kabaira l-ithmi) and shameful deeds, and, when they are angry even then forgive.” (Qur’an 42:37)

“Those who avoid great sins (kabaira l’ithmi) and shameful deeds, only (falling into) small faults,- verily thy Lord is ample is (l-maghfirati) overwhelming in forgiveness. He knows you well when He brings you out of the earth, And when ye are hidden in your mothers’ wombs. Therefore justify not yourselves: He knows best who it is that guard against evil. (Qur’an 53:32)

Jurm also Mujrim– criminal, sinner, repeat offender.

“Shall We treat the Muslims like (mujrimina) sinners?” (Qur’an 68:35)

“And, O my people, ask forgiveness of your Lord, then repent to Him, and He will let loose heaven in torrents upon you, and He will increase you in strength unto your strength; and turn not your backs as (mujrimina) sinners.” (Qur’an 11:52)

“The day they see the angels – no good tidings will there be that day for the sinners (mujrimina), and [the angels] will say to them of the paradise, “Prevented and inaccessible.” (Qur’an 25:22)

“And the sinners (mujrimuna) will see the Fire and will be certain that they are to fall therein. And they will never find a way out.” (Qur’an 18:53)


“Indeed, the sinners (mujrinima) will be in the punishment of Hell, abiding eternally.” (Qur’an 43:74)

Junah -small errors, miscalculations, absentmindedness.

I have not seen a context in which the word junah was something in which people were punished for, rather they were things that were overlooked. This word, as opposed to ‘dhanb’, would have been more appropriate for those who wished to advocate that Prophets never sinned (either prior prophethood or after).

Examples:

“And when you travel throughout the land, there is no blame (janahum) upon you for shortening the prayer, [especially] if you fear that those who disbelieve may disrupt [or attack] you. Indeed, the disbelievers are ever to you a clear enemy.” (Qur’an 4:104)

 

“And if a woman fears from her husband contempt or evasion, there is no (junaha)sin upon them if they make terms of a settlement between them – and settlement is best. And present in [human] souls is stinginess. But if you do good and fear Allah – then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.” (Qur’an 4:128)

“There is not upon those who believe and do righteousness any (junahun) blame concerning what they have eaten [in the past] if they [now] fear Allah and believe and do righteous deeds, and then fear Allah and believe, and then fear Allah and do good; and Allah loves the doers of good.” (Qur’an 5:93)

Major sins -their expiation and forgiveness.

 

#1) Despairing of the Mercy of Allah (swt).

I believe that any topic on major sins and their repentance has to address the issue of the Mercy of Allah (swt). If it is very often that due to this rejection of Allah’s mercy that people will continue to abide in their sins keeping their hearts veiled from light.

People may think that Allah (swt) will not forgive them. This is a trick of Iblis. The name Iblis comes from an Arabic etymological root which means to cause despair to drain one from hope.

“Say, “If you should love Allah, then follow me, so Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Qur’an 3:31)

Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful. And return to your Lord and submit to Him before the punishment comes upon you; then you will not be helped.” (Qur’an 39:53)

This verse states clearly as Allah (swt) is addressing his servants (the Muslims) that if they transgress they should:

  1. Do not despair of the Mercy of Allah
  2. Know that Allah forgives all sins.
  3. Know that they should turn towards Allah before the punishment (hellfire) comes upon them. -They repent before death.
  4. Know that if they do not repent and hope in Allah’s forgiveness than they will have the opposite of that, an eternal punishment in which they will not be helped (not let out during Ramadan, not released from any prophet making intercession for them).

“O my sons, go and find out about Joseph and his brother and despair, not of relief from Allah. Indeed, no one despairs of relief from Allah except the ungrateful people.” (Qur’an 12:87)

To despair of Allah’s mercy puts one in a state of kufr ni’ama- state of rejecting Allah’s mercy and being ungrateful towards Allah (swt).

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

“And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.” Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell rendered contemptible.” (Qur’an 40:60)

To know that if you call upon Allah (swt) there is no weak signal, there is no static interference, if you call upon Allah (swt) is The Loving, The Oft-Forgiving, The Eraser of sins, The One who will turn your sins into good deeds, and is Full of Mercy and Compassion and he will answer you.

To also know that if we reject turning to our Lord than as the verse says above we will enter the hellfire contemptible. May Allah (swt) protect us from it and accept our repentance.

A question may arise. How do I know that Allah (swt) forgave me?

The answer:

Because he said he would. For some people, this is enough and deliberately liberating but for others, they may need to forgive themselves. The very fact that they have a guilty conscious is a healthy and positive sign. We are not hell-spawn, we are beings created by Allah (swt) with a consciousness. So if you need further healing and liberation from sin this often entails returning something you took or righting that wrong, settling that debt, offering an apology, telling the truth or making amends.

There is not a human being I have met who when taking these two things together with the knowledge that Allah (swt) will forgive them and rectifying their wrongs that I did not see a tremendous amount of nur (light) upon their faces -regardless of sect.

Remember Allah (swt) never put limits on how often he will forgive you he only put conditions.

#2) Apostasy-leaving or abandoning the faith.

As for a Muslim who rejects in total the message of Islam there is no worldly punishment that awaits them. We have discussed that in length here:

https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2016/12/25/refuting-death-for-apostasy/

Many people may have doubts about religion from time to time. Allah (swt) told us to not be among the doubters-which means that we are asked to seek certainty about that which we believe.

“So if you are in doubt, [O Muhammad], about that which We have revealed to you, then ask those who have been reading the Scripture before you. The truth has certainly come to you from your Lord, so do not be among those who doubt.” (Qur’an 10:94)

So seeking knowledge and gaining clarity about religion is a meritorious act. Allah (swt) knows best our capacities to absorb information to explain to others and every individual person’s reach.

The following verses are addressed to people who were Muslims who after believing in Islam leave Islam. This can be those who openly declare themselves non-Muslims or those among us who don’t believe in this religion and still claim they are Muslim (for whatever reasons).

 

And whoever of you reverts from his religion and dies while he is ungrateful-for those, their deeds have become worthless in this world and in the Hereafter, and those are the companions of the Fire, they will abide therein eternally (khaliduna).”  (Qur’an 2:217)

“As for those who have faith and then return to unbelief, and then again have faith and then return to unbelief, and then increase in unbelief, Allah will not forgive them nor guide them on any path.” (Qur’an 4:137)

“Indeed, those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers – upon them will be the curse of Allah and of the angels and the people, all together.” (Qur’an 2:161)

“They swear by Allah that they said nothing, but they definitely spoke the word of unbelief and returned to unbelief after their Islam. They planned something which they did not achieve and they were vindictive for no other reason than that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them from His bounty. If they were to make repentance, it would be better for them. But if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the Next World, and they will not find any protector or helper on the earth.” (Qur’an 9:73-74)

None of those verses are addressing people who had a crisis of consciousness and stopped practicing Islam because they were not convinced of it. In reality, there are many people who are ‘Muslim‘ in name only. Allah (swt) knows best their condition.

The verses above are addressing people who openly rejected the truth. They know that Islam is the truth and they openly reject it. As Allah (swt) mentioned about those who reject the faith that in the hereafter they will abide in hell forever (khaliduna).

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

The solution? As Allah (swt) says above, “If they were to make repentance, it would be better for them.

It would be recommended to make the following supplication:

“Our Lord! Cause not our hearts to stray after you have guided us, and bestow upon us mercy from Your Presence. You, only You, are the Ever Giving.” (Qur’an 3:8)

You should know that Allah (swt) will accept your repentance or he would not have given it as a remedy.

Allah loves those who repent.” (Qu’ran 2:222)

If you know this is the religion of truth and you openly reject it you are in a very dangerous situation. You have a very diseased heart spiritually. The solution is to repent, return to Allah (swt) and practice Islam.

Anything that was an obligation for you as a Muslim is still an obligation for you even when you were someone who turned back. Just because you momentarily rejected the laws of Allah (swt) and/or your society doesn’t mean they don’t apply to you.

May Allah (swt) cause us all to die as Muslims. Amin!

#3) Witch-Craft the Dark Arts

“And they followed what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, “We are a trial, so do not be ungrateful.” And they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah. And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have any share in the life to come. And evil is that for which they sold themselves if they only knew.” (Qur’an 2:102)

“Believers, intoxicants, gambling, idolatry, and fortunetelling are repugnant and evil acts. They are evil acts of Satan. Shun them so that you may prosper. With intoxicants and gambling, Satan only seeks to incite hostility and hatred among you and to turn you away from remembering Allah and from prayer. Will, you not then give them up?” (Qur’an 5:90-91)

Allah (swt) has told us that those who partake in magic and witchcraft they will have no share in the life to come. They will not be in paradise.

“And Moses said, “O my people, if you have believed in Allah, then rely upon Him, if you should be Muslims.” (Qur’an 10: 84)

We are not to rely upon things that Allah (swt) told us not to rely upon like fortunetelling, those who partake in sihr-witchcraft.

As regards the magicians in the time of Moses what happened to them?

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

They said, “We have believed in the Lord of the worlds..” (Qu’ran 7:121)

So the magicians fell down in prostration. They said, “We have believed in the Lord of Aaron and Moses. Pharaoh said, “You believed him before I gave you permission. Indeed, he is your leader who has taught you magic. So I will surely cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will impale you on the trunks of palm trees, and you will surely know which of us is more severe in [giving] punishment and more enduring.” They said, “Never will we prefer you over what has come to us of clear proofs and [over] He who created us. So decree whatever you are to decree. You can only decree for this worldly life. Indeed, we have believed in our Lord that He may forgive us our sins and what you compelled us [to do] of magic. And Allah is better and more enduring.” Indeed, whoever comes to his Lord as a criminal – indeed, for him is Hell; he will neither die therein nor live. But whoever comes to Him as a believer having done righteous deeds – for those will be the highest degrees [in position].” (Qur’an 20:70-75)

Note:

The magicians repented and they became Muslims. As they became Muslims all that went before them had passed away. To guarantee their place in paradise they were also granted martyrdom. Their hands and feet were cut off on opposite sides and they were impailed.

This is the case for non-Muslims who embraced Islam. For Muslims who partake in this serious matter or any like it Allah (swt) to give them up.

Based on the fact that the non-Muslim magicians who embraced Islam and had their sins effaced were still martyred it is possible that a Muslim who partakes in such thing and repents will undergo some type of physical torture in this life as an expiation for their sins. Allah (swt) knows best.

Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins.” (Qur’an 39:53)

Just be prepared to go through some excruciating pain in life as purification and expiation. Abide this with patience and put your trust wholly in Allah (swt).

There are many Muslim charlatans who claim to be healing people of affliction by witchcraft and often these very people themselves are afflicted. Anyone no matter how pious you perceive them who tell you they keep Jinn or they know Shaykh’s who keep Jinn steer clear from them.

 

#4) False Theology: Saying about Allah (swt) what we do not know.

Say: “The things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are al-Fawaahish (every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse), whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah for which He has given no authority and saying things about Allah of which you do not know.” (Qur’an 7:33)

Notice in the above verse there are four things that are mentioned, each is greater in calamity than that which went before it.

  1. Al-Fawaahish -unlawful sexual activities rather did secretly or openly.
  2. Oppression
  3. Shirk-associating partners with Allah (swt).
  4. Saying about Allah (swt) what you do not know.

Attributing a lie to Allah (swt) is:

  1. Saying something about Allah (swt) that is patently false.
  2. Changing or altering the religion of Allah (swt).
  3. Denying what is patently true and/or confirming what is patently false.

 

“And lo! there is a party of them who distort the Scripture with their tongues, that you may think that what they say is from the Scripture when it is not from the Scripture. And they say: It is from Allah when it is not from Allah, and they speak a lie concerning Allah knowingly.” (Qur’an 3:78)

 

“And who is more unjust than one who invents a lie about Allah or says, “It has been inspired to me,” while nothing has been inspired to him, and one who says, “I will reveal like what Allah revealed.” And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, saying “Discharge your souls! Today you will be awarded the punishment of humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and that you were, toward His verses, being arrogant.” (Qur’an 6:93)

So who is more unjust than he who invents a lie about Allah or denies His signs? Indeed, sinners will not succeed.” (Qur’an 10:17)

 

“So who is more unjust than one who lies about Allah and denies the truth when it has come to him? Is there not in Hell a residence for the ungrateful? (Qur’an 39:32)

And who is more unjust than he who invents a lie about Allah? Those will be presented before their Lord, and the witnesses will say, “These are the ones who lied against their Lord.” Unquestionably, the curse of Allah is upon the wrongdoers.” (Qur’an 11:18)

“And who is more unjust than one who invents a lie about Allah or denies the truth when it has come to him? Is there not in Hell a [sufficient] residence for the ungrateful?” (Qur’an 29:68)

 

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

 

“and they speak a lie concerning Allah knowingly.” (Qur’an 3:78)

Having a sound theology is important for every Muslim. We have to remember that in a short span of time Christ Jesus went from being the Messenger of Allah (swt) to the alleged ‘son of God‘ to becoming ‘God the son‘. (May Allah protect us all from the whispers of Satan).

So Muslims should avoid speculation about Allah (swt) and stick with what is sound from the Qur’an and sound logic.

It should also be born in mind that the above verses should be taken into context with the verse in 3:78 above that the people who are cursed are people who say lies about Allah (swt) knowingly. Many say things out of ignorance.

This is important because Muslims have different schools of theology and some of them say very different things about Allah (swt) his essence, his attributes, rather or not he does this or that thing.

For the sake of unity among Muslims it is important to keep in mind this key point of the Amman accord:

https://ammanmessage.com/the-three-points-of-the-amman-message-v-1/

“Equally, it is neither possible nor permissible to declare as apostates any group of Muslims who believes in Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He, and His Messenger (saw) and the pillars of faith, and acknowledges the five pillars of Islam, and does not deny any necessarily self-evident tenet of religion. “

This last part ‘and does not deny any necessarily self-evident tenet of religion‘ is a matter of intra-Muslim debate.

Concerning Allah (swt) Muslims should avoid the:

The should have, could have, would have and maybe scenarios concerning Allah (swt) because it simply dhan(it’s speculative).

Lastly, if you have come to the realization that you have been saying something about Allah (swt) that is not true you should repent to Allah (swt) and be thankful that you no longer hold that view because it means that Allah (swt) loves you and that is why he wants you to be guided! Al hamdulillah!

Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins.” (Qur’an 39:53)

 

#5) Suicide: Taking on the attribute of the one who gives death by killing yourself.

“Believers! Do not devour one another’s possessions wrongfully; rather than that, let there be trading by mutual consent. You should not kill yourselves. Surely Allah is ever Compassionate to you. And whoever does this by way of transgression and injustice him shall We surely cast into the Fire; that indeed is quite easy for Allah. (Qur’an 4:29-30)

And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden to be killed except by legal right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason (Qur’an 6:151)

You also have these two ahadith which are attributed to the Blessed Messenger (saw) in  Al Bukhari.

Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever purposely throws himself from a mountain and kills himself, will be in the Fire falling down into it and abiding therein perpetually forever; and whoever drinks poison and kills himself with ithe will be carrying his poison in his hand and drinking it in the Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever; and whoever kills himself with an iron weapon, will be carrying that weapon in his hand and stabbing his abdomen with it in the Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever.” Source: (Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 71 Hadith 670)

Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “He who commits suicide by throttling shall keep on throttling himself in the Hell-Fire and he who commits suicide by stabbing himself shall keep on stabbing himself in the Hell-Fire.” Source:  (Al-Bukhari – Book 23 Hadith 446)

There are a few important things to note when we talk about suicide.

It should also be noted that in the Ibadi school we need the specifics and details as much as possible of the condition under which a person committed suicide. If this person was mentally unstable they are not held accountable. Alas, the hukm (judgment) belongs to Allah (swt). We can only make a judgement upon the dhahir (the apparent). Allah (swt) judges based upon the apparent and that which is hidden. A complete judgement. 

The Blessed Messenger (saw) did not perform funeral prayers over Muslims who committed suicide.

You can read the article about that here:

https://primaquran.wordpress.com/2019/11/24/the-blessed-prophet-muhammed-did-not-perform-funeral-prayers-for-muslims-who-killed-themselves/

Suicide is a dangerous sin because you die while claiming an attribute of Allah (swt) for yourself. You are claiming that you are the one who has the right to take your life. Allah (swt) is known Al -Mumit, The giver of death, and you are claiming this right for yourself.

Suicide is something you cannot repent from. You cannot repent from it because you are dead.

What is the remedy for this sin? What is the solution?

The solution is to not take your life. What is done is done. If you are going through immense hardship and difficulty you should rely upon what Allah (swt) has told you.

“Allah does not burden a soul except what it can bear”. (Qur’an 2:286)

“For indeed, with hardship will be ease. Indeed, with hardship will be ease.”(Qur’an 94:5-6)

“And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.” Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell rendered contemptible.” (Qur’an 40:60)

“And We will most certainly try you with somewhat of fear and hunger and loss of property and lives and fruits; and give good news to the patient ones who, when a misfor­tune befalls them, say: “Surely we are Allah’s and to Him, we shall surely return” Those are they on whom are blessings and mercy from their Lord, and those are the followers of the right course. (Qur’an 2:155-157

Do you know the number of people who when they are in despair do not turn to Allah (swt)? They do not proclaim: “Surely we are Allah’s and to Him, we shall return.” reminding them of the fleeting nature of this world?

When a person commits suicide they give victory to Iblis. The name Iblis comes from an Arabic root which means to cause despair. Suicide is the ultimate despair.

If a wound has touched you, be sure a similar wound hath touched the others. Such days (of varying fortunes) We give to men and men by turns: that Allah may know those that believe, and that He may take to Himself from your ranks Martyr-witnesses (to Truth). And Allah loves not those that do wrong.” (Qur’an 3:140)

Those this particular verse above is in relation to the battle of Uhud I like to be reminded that whatever befalls us in life we are not the only ones. It is not like we have been singled out by the divine as some cosmic comedy.

Did you lose a loved one? Perhaps a parent, child, or spouse? Are you drowning in debt? Have you lost all your finances? Are you homeless? Are you extremely lonely? Do you feel you have no purpose in life? Have you been physically mentally or emotionally abused by those you trusted and loved the most?

Understand that of all those things you may have gone through or are going through you are not alone in this!

In fact, you may be going through this trial so that you can avert someone else from taking their life. How many people have gone through these adversities only to come through shining in the end?

In the present, the only reality for you is the pain but in the future there is hope. If you save the life of another through your words of comfort it will be as if you saved the lives of all mankind.

“Indeed, the patient will be given their reward without account.” (Qur’an 39:10)

Does mankind think that they will be left alone on saying, we believe and not be tried? And certainly, we tried those before them, so Allah will certainly know those who are true and He will certainly know the liars. Or do they who work evil think that they will escape us? Evil is it that they Judge! (Qur’an 29:2-3)

Know that you are deeply loved and cared about. That there is a Merciful, Compassionate, Loving creator and that what you are going through is a purification for you if you can endure it and Allah (swt) has promised that you can.

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Is Ibn Kathir a rebellious sinner for exposing the sins of companions?

Bismillah ir rahman ir raheem.

“Verily, those who like that lewd sinful acts should propagated among those who believe, they will have a painful torment in this world and in the Hereafter” (Qur’an 24:19)

The direct interpretation of the verse, in the context in which it occurs, is this: Those who cast aspersions, propagate evil, publicize it and bring Islamic morality into disrepute deserve punishment. The words in the text, however, comprehend all the various forms that can be employed for the propagation of evil. These include actual setting up of brothels, production of erotic stories, songs, paintings, plays and dramas as well as all kinds of mixed gatherings at clubs and hotels, which induce the people to immoralities. 

Ibn Kathir in (al Bidayah al Nihaya, Volume 4 page 160) writes the following:


ثم خرج إلى الناس فخطبهم وتلا عليهم ما أنزل الله عزوجل من القرآن في ذلك ثم أمر بمسطح بن أثاثة وحسان بن ثابت وحمنة بنت جحش وكانوا ممن أفصح بالفاحشة فضربوا حدهم

“Then he (prophet) went to the people and addressed and then recited what Allah revealed in Qur’an, then he ordered that Mastah bin Uthatha, Hasan bin Thabit, Hamna bint Jahsh to be punished because they were among those who spread the allegation of adultery.”

Hasan bin Thabit and Hamna bint Jahsh are both companions, and both whom were the cause for serious grief for the Blessed Messenger (saw) and his wife (may Allah be pleased with her) and yet, they both are still used in transmission of hadith!

It is recorded for all posterity what they did. So Ibn Kathir shows no concern for these people’s families?

Is he heartless?

He has no concern for the families of:

Mastah bin Uthatha,

Hasan bin thabit,

Hamna bint Jahsh?

It simply doesn’t follow.

There are countless examples of sins and errors of the companions that various scholars have recorded and passed down through the generations.

Something to ponder about the following verse:

“The woman or man found guilty of illicit sexual intercourse – lash each one of them with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in the religion of Allah, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.” (Qur’an 24:2)

Now let us propose a scenario:

Let us say that Saadia and Thomas were caught in the act. Let us say that Saadia has three children.

Is the above punishment not carried out because Saadia has three children? Of course not!

Does the above punishment have anything to do with the three children of Saadia? Of course not!

Couldn’t a person argue that because Thomas and Saadia were publicly flogged and that because Saadia has children that this brings shame to Saadia’s children?

Isn’t the public nature of their punishment unfair to the children?

That would be an argument against what Allah (swt) has decreed. Allah (swt) is just.

As far as the children of Saadia bearing shame absolutely not. They may feel ashamed of their mother but they do not share in the shame they did no blame.

This is the problem with the Muslim community today. They think that people like Ibn Kathir are open sinners because they recorded the sins of people and passed this down.

Obviously court houses would keep records of people’s transgressions. They do this in the case if a person is a repeat offender.

So let’s go back to the above verse:

“And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.” (Qur’an 24:2)

Let’s say that Thomas and Saadia get publicly flawed for illicit sexual activities. Day 1.

Day 2.

Life goes on. Thomas and Saadia still have to be functioning members of society. They dust themselves off and go about their lives. Maybe they decide to get married.

Nonetheless they still have to get on with life. Perhaps they go to school, go to work, go to the market place and interact with society. Thomas and Saadia presumably have siblings, parents, uncles and aunts, cousins …you name it.

Muslim societies today are deeply sick because they think that if Saadia did something immoral that this means something about her sisters or her brothers. It means nothing of the sort!

This has the hallmarks of Christian theological understanding and it is dangerous and disturbing trend among Muslims.

This concept of honor is no honor at all. It’s simply very warped thinking.

As Allah (swt) clearly stated in the Qur’an again and again we bare our own sins. No one else is responsible for our sins.

“And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.” (Qur’an 24:2)

So because Allah (swt) has allowed the sins of Thomas and Saadia to be made public and to be punished publicly does that have any baring on their children?

Only if a warped Muslim community with a Christian theological bent allows them to think so.

But a healthy Muslim community who trains their children in sound theological doctrine will know and understand that if their parents do something vile and shameful that it has absolutely nothing to do with them.

A healthy Muslim community that trains their children with sound theological doctrine will be able to tell those children to lift their heads up high and move on in life.

That we are humans and that we err and make mistakes and that we dust ourselves off , pick up the pieces and move forward.

If your father is registered as a sex offender. If your mother made the headlines of a news paper in Chicago for the murder of her sister any healthy child should know that these things have nothing to do with them.

Allah (swt) knows best and the help of Allah (swt) is sought.

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