Harakat of the Qur’an & Al-Khalili ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi al-Ibadi

“And among those We created is a community which guides by truth and thereby establishes justice.” (Qur’an 7:181)

The next time someone says that we Ibadi are Khawarij and that we do not take our deen from them perhaps gently remind those people to stop using harakat when teaching your children how to read the Qur’an properly!

There is scarcely a grammar book that talks about the essence of ilmu al-nahw except that the name: Al-Khalili ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi is mentioned.

The “Shining Star” of the Basran school of Arabic grammar, a polymath and scholar, he was a man of genuinely original thought. Al-Farahidi was the first scholar to subject the prosody of Classical Arabic poetry to a detailed phonological analysis.

He was born in Oman circa 718 and died in Basra, Iraq circa 791. He was an Arab philologist and the first to compile an Arabic dictionary. He was the teacher of Sībawayh, whom latter compiled al-Kitāb fī an-naḥw (“The Book on Grammar”).

The lie that Al-Khalili ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi al-Ibadi left the school of Ahl Haqq Wal Istiqamah to join Ahl Sunnah Wal Jammah is a whopper of a lie!

“This is where history records the role of Khalil bin Ahmad al-Farahidy al-Ibadi. He then determined the form of fathah with the lowercase alif letter lying on top of the letter, kasrah with a small ya’ letter below it and dhammah with a small waw letter above it. Meanwhile, tanwin is formed by duplicating the writing of each of these signs, in addition there are several other signs.”

“In Khalili’s time, the Qur’anic manuscripts were equipped with various points with various functions and purposes. In the disciplines of the Qur’an, it is known as naqthi’rab, or simply the point of harakat, and naqthi’jam which are nothing but dots on each other. The two types of dots are written differently by using red for vowel points and black for letter points.”

“The number of dots scattered on each page of the Qur’anic manuscripts which then gave birth to problems, both for readers and writers. For readers, reading errors are not impossible to avoid because sometimes they cannot distinguish one from another. As for writers, it is considered a hassle because they always have to change colours at one time in the writing process.”


Every time your children use the system of harakat to read the Qur’an, rather it is in reciting the Qur’an in Ramadan during tarweeh prayers, or in one’s private reading of the Qur’an during prayers, or in any type of gathering all of that hasanat, all that blessing is being accredited to Al-Khalili ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi al-Ibadi!! May Allah (swt) cover him in mercy!

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s